GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! Neonics 2: Flowers, the Place Where Honey Bees & Gardeners Meetup


Posted by Laura Hagen, Honest Weight Food Co-op, HWFC, Member-Owner and family to an ‘organic practices’ beekeeper

GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! is a blog dedicated to American independently-owned, Member-Owned & operated, community food co-ops, their Member-Owners and families.


ACTION ITEM – HWFC Member-Owners: This is a reminder that there is a quarterly HWFC Membership Meeting on Sunday, October 22, 2017 at the First Unitarian Universalist Church (FUUSA), 405 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY. The meeting consists of:

4:30 – 5:30pm: Meet the Governance Review
Council (GRC) Candidates
5:30 – 6:00pm: Dessert potluck
6:00 – 8:00pm: Meeting, with GRC elections to
take place at the meeting


This is Part 2 (here is Part 1) of my continuing series about honey bees, pollinators, gardeners… …and neonicotinoids, that unwelcome ‘invasive’ poison in our gardens about which we gardeners need to immediately take up arms. Each successive post will focus on a particular issue relating to the need to ban neonicotinoids from our gardens, our farmlands…

…and our planet.

“Wee haue by this Shipp and the Discouerie sent you … Beehives…”

Letter written December 5, 1621 by the Council of the Virginia Company in London and addressed to the Governor and Council in Virginia 1

There are over 20,000 species of bees in the world; honey bees – both ‘managed’ and wild – are the most well-known by the public. Honey bees have been thriving for 50 million years! (In contrast, we’ve only been around for 6-7 million, 2.5 million or 200,000 years, depending upon your anthropological criteria.) They have a highly-complex and ordered social life; different from the majority of the world’s bees, which are solitary. Each honey bee has a distinct job within the hive, all contributing together to its order, harmony and productivity.

That hive is home.

How did honey bees happen to become part of the ecosystem of this continent?

Well, the honey bees with which we are all familiar here in the United States are actually an import. The first English settlers arrived on this continent in 1607 and created the permanent English colony of Jamestown, located in present-day Virginia.

Fifteen years later, in 1622, the very first bee hives on the continent were brought over from England.


In her outstanding introduction to the history of bees in American, Honey Bees Across America, Brenda Kellar informs us:

“The only evidence we have of the initial importation of honey bees to North America is a letter written December 5, 1621 by the Council of the Virginia Company in London and addressed to the Governor and Council in Virginia, “Wee haue by this Shipp and the Discouerie sent you diurs [divers] sortes of seedes, and fruit trees, as also Pidgeons, Connies, Peacockes Maistiues [Mastiffs], and Beehives, [emphasis added] as you shall by the invoice pceiue [perceive]; the preservation & encrease whereof we respond vnto you…” (Goodwin 1956; Kingsbury 1906:532). The Discovery (60 tons, Thomas Jones, captain, and twenty persons) left England November 1621 and arrived in Virginia March 1622 (Langford Ship Information; Brown 1898:469-470). The other ship described only as “this shipp” could have been either the Bona Nova (200 tons, John Huddleston, master, and fifty persons) or the Hopewell (60 tons, Thomas Smith, master, and twenty persons), also known as the Great Hopewell. The Bona Nova was a month behind and arrived at Jamestown in April (Langford Ship Information). This was the Hopewell’s first voyage to Virginia and there is no record of the date of its arrival (Langford Ship Information), although Brown claims it arrived at Jamestown within 24 days of the Good Friday March 22, 1622 massacre (Brown 1898:469).

Historical documentary sources tell us that from Jamestown the honey bees multiplied and spread out. It would be another 16 years before the next successful shipment of honey bees made it to North America (Free 1982:116; Ransome 1937:260). However, the feral honey bee population boomed and by the mid 17th century honey bee hunting or ‘lining’[1] was a popular activity and would continue to be so well into the 20th century.” 2

Among all of the items critical for the survival of this fledgling English colony in Virginia – shipped over on a four-month long winter journey across the north Atlantic and explicit in the bill of particulars from 1622 – were “Beehives.”

This highlights just how important the English colonists – many of them farmers – knew honey bees to be!

How did these bees survive a journey, in the cold hold of a ship from November, 1621 to March, 1622? (Were they in the hold or, perhaps, somewhere in warmer quarters? I don’t think history tells us.)

It’s nothing they haven’t done before – perhaps not often in the hold of a ship! – but certainly, for millenia, in forests and in trees, dotting winter fields covered in snow.

Clearly this delivery was a carefully-timed event.

Approaching fall, the queen normally stops laying summer bees, which normally live for six weeks. The remaining bees, consuming a bit of royal jelly, hatch out and live for six months: they’re called winter bees. Due to the lack of brood (baby bees), the remaining winter bees would have balled up around the queen (forming a literal ‘bee ball‘), keeping her at 70 degrees. This ball, due to lack of brood, would be free to move about the combs, consuming honey and ‘beebread‘ (fermented pollen) as necessary, to maintain core temperature.

This is all normal behavior in any winter honey bee hive.

Bathroom breaks? Bees are quite patient, they can wait! In the early spring, the hives would have begun to raise the core temperatures of each bee ball from 70 degrees to 98.6 degrees, at which point the queen would start laying eggs, which are destined to hatch as brand new summer bees.

This would have coincided with a March, 1622 arrival in Virginia: early spring, at which time the bees would have left shipboard, been placed in fields, and immediately begun foraging.

The beekeepers on both ends of this winter, trans-Atlantic journey would have carefully chosen the departure and arrival dates of the beehives. They understood how hives work; they worked with the seasons – and with the rhythms of the hive – to assure the successful transplant of those fledgling beehives.

Clearly the transplant took!


Here we are in 2017, almost 400 years after those first hives arrived. Ninety-nine percent of American beekeepers are made up of small, community-based apiaries; hives managed by a farmer for his or her own farm; or backyard beekeepers, called ‘sideliner’ or ‘hobbyist’ beekeepers. There are simply thousands of American families, across all fifty states – some gardeners like you and me – who maintain one or a few hives in the backyard, a larger apiary on the lower forty, many hives spread over several farmsteads, or a small or medium-scale business supplying honey and beeswax to the local community.

The American beekeepers who have been hitting the news since 2006 with massive bee die-offs, called colony collapse disorder (CCD), are – for the most part – large, commercial, migratory beekeepers: those who truck thousands of hives across the continent, following one or another mono-crop about to bloom, providing pollination services to the farms; California’s almond crops are, perhaps, the most well-known of these crops.

Many of the mono-crops their bees are pollinating in the United States are grown from neonicotinoid-coated seeds: some examples are corn, soy, wheat and sugar beets (used to make white sugar). Neonicotinoids are systemic, water-soluble pesticides which have been implicated in CCD and massive honey and bumble bee die-offs since 2006. (Please see here, here, here, here, here, here, here, and here.

These large-scale, commercial operations only make up about 1 percent of America’s beekeepers.


A backyard beekeeper conducting an inspection of a Kenyan Top Bar Hive (KTBH), which is shaped like a hollow log (a preferred wild honey bee habitat). Note the dish of water, which is shallow and has stones placed in it, so that the bees may safely drink.

The community and neighborhood apiaries, the backyard hobbyists and their bees are, by the way, providing (free!) pollination services to all the neighbor farmers and gardeners in a three-mile radius from each hive. Your own flower and vegetable gardens thrive, in part, because of the attentive work of a beekeeper – somewhere local to you – and his or her apiary.

These beekeepers – the 99 percent spread out across America in every village, town, city and community – are your neighbors.

The 1 percent of our beekeepers traveling America’s roads, trucking hives, are providing pollination services for many, many of the crops your family eats: e.g., corn; almonds, citrus fruits, blueberries.

From those very first hives in 1622 up until today – we gardeners, farmers and beekeepers on this continent have had a symbiotic relationship – a very rewarding and a very essential relationship.

We gardeners and farmers are very, very lucky to have such accommodating neighbors, that is, those who keep bees!


 “…each of our individual actions can contribute to a grand solution … So, let the small act of planting flowers and keeping them free of pesticides be the driver of large scale change…

Dr. Marla Spivak, Bees Scholar
June 2013 at TEDGlobal 2013

Honey bees which, like all of us, need food, gather that food from simple, ordinary flowers. They derive virtually all of their food from flowers. Those flowering plants which you and I, as gardeners, delight in digging in, watering and caring for and, occasionally, moving around madly and obsessively until we create the perfect palette, are the main food source for bees. For flowers yield nectar and pollen.

From each flower – and bees have their favorites, just like you and I, with white clover blossoms and Linden trees in bloom (also called American basswood or ‘the Bee Tree‘) being two of them! – a bee will gather nectar which – when fermented back at the hive – creates ‘honey,’ the hive’s source of carbohydrate, and pollen which – when fermented back at the hive – creates ‘beebread,” the hive’s source of protein.

BeesKnees (2)

The ‘pollen baskets’ on this bee are packed to the brim with yellow, tacky pollen, stored behind the bee’s knees. The term ‘That’s the Bee’s Knees!’ was made popular in the roaring ’20’s; it is flapper slang, similar to our use of the terms ‘cool‘ or ‘way cool.

Pollen is that fine yellow dust – slightly tacky, yes? – which most of us have had occasion to encounter on our gloves or hands while gardening. Those of you who are alert and attentive gardeners – and who among us is not alert and attentive! – have actually seen the so-called ‘bees’ knees:‘ a bee, zipping by, appearing to have large, weighty, yellow appendages on her back legs. This is actually the storage spot, right on the bee, for that pollen, on its way to being delivered to the hive. She is a sort-of UPS driver of the hive!

That pollen will end up back home, get placed in a cell, and it will ferment for just the right amount of time, until it is capped off for long term storage.

Nectar, that sweet liquid produced by a flower, once harvested, will remain in the bee, until it is regurgitated back home, get placed in a cell, and it will ferment for just the right amount of time, until it, too, is capped off for long term storage.

Fermentation is a key word here, hang on to it.

What is nectar? Well, do you remember, in the early summer as a child, encountering a honeysuckle bush?

I remember, in early summer, a warm, sunny day, sighting the first honeysuckle stand in full bloom, and eagerly running over with my brother …each of us plucking off a flower and gently snipping off the petal end, without breaking those long, thin, delicate things with yellow pollen on them. We would each – oh, so gently – pull and tug and draw it apart until the very end of the flower yielded that one precious drop of crystal clear, sweet, sublime liquid.

I remember holding the blossom above my tongue, letting that one drop take its sweet time and eventually drip down onto that tongue, eager to taste the sweet liquid. This was repeated over and over again – brother and sister sharing a tiny moment of heaven, blossom after blossom – piles of flowers in the grass at their feet. That is nectar!

That is the raw material for honey, yet another of nature’s sweet fluids, created not by a flower, but by a flower, a honey bee and a little time and fermentation!


On the first day of autumn, this field bee travels back and forth between her hive and the flowers, taking full advantage of the warm, sunny day! She is gathering pollen and nectar. (Learn about that oh-so-innocent-looking vine – known as the evil ‘lesser bindweed’ – in my gardening-metaphor post, GRASSROOTS ACTION and invasives ARE POWERFUL!, here.)

Honey bees also need water, which is why it is essential that you, as a gardener, provide a source of clean fresh water – in a shallow dish with stones – for all of the pollinators which live in or visit your gardens.

Now, bees also gather sap from conifers, sap flows, tree buds, and other botanical sources, to create propolis (‘bee glue‘), out of which they create a resinous mixture to seal small spaces in the hive, keep the hive antiseptic, and defend against invaders, like ants and beetles. But that is another story!


Bees, in the course of simply living their lives, do an essential thing for us humans: they pollinate flowers. This essential act of procreation, the moving of pollen from one flower, one plant, to another, assures that somewhere down the line there will be food for us: a cherry tree will bear cherries, an almond tree will bear almonds, a tomato plant will produce tomatoes, a pumpkin vine will yield those big, orange pumpkins we all delight in for Halloween and for the pies which grace our Thanksgiving dinner tables.

If there is no pollination, down the line there will be no cherries, no almonds, no tomatoes, no pumpkins.

Honey bees are directly responsible for pollinating 30 percent of our food supply and 90 percent of our most commonly-grown foods; we rely upon all pollinators to pollinate 70 percent of our food supply. Pollinators – and honey bees – are essential to human survival.

This bears repeating: honey bees pollinate 30 percent of our food and are responsible for pollinating 90 percent of our most commonly-grown foods; all pollinators pollinate 70 percent of our food. They are all essential for the survival of our species.

If we do not – as a species – have pollinators, we do not have food.


I think you are beginning to understand that fermentation plays a rather big role here among honey bees, especially of interest to those of you who follow a ‘Paleo’ or ‘traditional’ diet or who are learning about the incredible health value of ferments in our own diets. For healthy, unstressed bees utilize bacteria (and other micro-organisms) to create their fermented foods for long term storage.

That beebread and that honey have to last the winter, a time when there are no flowers to visit.

I learned a visceral lesson about fermentation this autumn.

One night, an unusually warm late September evening about 8PM, I pulled into the driveway, opened the truck door, gathered my bags, stepped out, slammed the door shut …and I was met with a thick, foul stench. Now, the door opens right next to the garbage pail, so I assumed something had been left in the pail and was busily rotting. (Since we, as organic gardeners, re-use all our kitchen leavings and always maintain a tidy compost pile and the weekly garbage had just been picked up – I could not understand what that might be.)

I went to check.


About 10PM that evening the odor simply went away.

Now, understand, this was not just your everyday kind of an odor. It smelled exactly like the liquid which dribbles out of the back of a garbage truck which you (unfortunately) happen to be driving behind on a hot, humid, steamy summer morning.

As my Mom would have said, “It stunk to high heaven!”

Several days’ later, the same thing happened. Dining room windows wide open, this malodorous, horrific odor wafted in. I ran out, checked everywhere and determined something – somewhere – must have died.

Again, about 10PM the odor simply vanished.

A few days’ later, again at night with the windows, again, left wide open, this ungodly, foul odor blew in, as I was, thank goodness!, finishing up my dinner. This time – aha! – the beekeeper-husband happened to be home. He could smell it; there would be a witness to my olfactory discomfort.

I sent him out to investigate.

Twenty minutes’ later, perimeter check completed, he opened the back door with a big, secret smile on his face. But, will he tell me what he’s discovered? No. He leaves me in olfactory-limbo.

I noticed, though, that he had been rooting around the hive.

10PM rolls around, and, for the third time, that odor simply vanished. Sweet, warm evening air blew by my face.

By this time there was a definite pattern anybody would have noticed!

Well, the beekeeper in the family finally informed the gardener in the family that the bees had been very busily gathering nectar and pollen from all the golden rod, which was still, by the way, in full bloom. We had had unusually warm, fall days and cool nights; the cool nights were keeping the late season, high-sugar nectar from being delivered to the plants’ roots over night and, instead, it remained in the flowers. The bees took full advantage! They were having a continuous party feeding upon super-sweet nectar and golden rod pollen!

They gathered all the pollen they could individually carry on those bees’ knees, and collectively placed it in the hive cells –  allowing them to sit open, for just the right amount of time …and ferment.

They did the same with the super-sweet nectar, allowing the cells to sit open, for just the right amount of time …and ferment.

Well, ferment… …or stink, depending upon your point of view, they did!

At 10PM, right as rain, the bees had finished capping off their brand new beebread and honey, and, low and behold, that odor simply vanished!

The bees – so to speak – put a lid on it!

Since we make our own sauerkraut and Kombucha from a Jun culture (an ancient culture which specifically requires honey not sugar for fermentation), I know what fermentation can smell like! It can stink to high heaven!

Mystery solved! My goodness, I was amazed at the production plant which is a beehive! Those bees were busy stocking up for winter.

We, human beings and tiny little honey bees, share this basic survival strategy: don’t waste time, ferment your excess to get you through the winter.

We also share in another one: we each need to have bacteria to assist us in not only fermenting our foods, but also in the very survival of our species.

I am willing to bet, once I research it, that I will find out that bees, like us, need a healthy gut ‘biome’ with tons of ‘good bacteria’ keeping the immune system going strong. Maybe those bee bacteria, too, are ill-affected by antibiotics and chemicals and poisonous, pesticide residue in the food.

I will let you know what I find out. A closer look into just how honey bees ferment pollen and nectar is definitely in order.

Anyway, it was at that moment  – in the evening just after 10PM – that I gained a deepening understanding and appreciation of the intimate connection between our species’. We both prepare foods for the long-term survival of our families through winter: we both ferment food and, yes, it can smell! The bees, in gathering their own food, pollinate flowers, literally creating food for us. We also share in the bounty of their hives, for we humans have, for thousands of years, harvested honey, one of their fermented foods. A book no less than the Bible is testament to that!

In fact, everybody must have heard, by now, the story that they found thousands-of-years-old honey in an Egyptian tomb, tested it, found it pure …and they ate it!

Milk and honey on the other side,’ is not, apparently, just a myth. Pharaoh planned to have some honey put aside for his journey!

However, as any natural or ‘organic practices’ beekeeper will tell you, the best time to harvest excess hive honey is in the spring, when the hive is safely through the winter and the queen wants that honey out of her way! so she can get to work making brood  and summer bees!

To everything there is a season.” 3

I need to pay more attention to the seasons and the cycles and the interconnections between me – a human being – and the beings – some very tiny – which whom I share an ecosystem. For I, we all, do share living together in an ecosystem. We each have a responsibility to preserve it, to defend it, to safeguard it, to protect it and, equally as important, to understand it. For in our hands is the stewardship of the land and the protection of our ecosystems.

I am going to go back and re-read Rachel Carson’s works, all of them, 4 for she gifted us with these messages – ‘gifts‘ whose reason for being was ecosystem crisis by systemic pesticide – almost 60 years ago. 5

It is at our own peril that we ignore the warning signs that the honey bees are – many with their lives – giving to us in 2017. 6

© Laura Hagen


The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt.

John Philpot Curran



1. Kellar, Brenda. “Honey Bees Across America.” Oregon State Beekeepers Association. Web. 12 October 2017.

We are in debt to Ms. Kellar for this carefully researched information. I appreciate the time she took to create this story, with its detailed, original source material, all carefully cited. We can enjoy her well-done story… …and, because of her scholarship, also go and read the original sources for ourselves! (Ah, the blessings of librarians – my heroes – and the internet!)

I was so impressed with her article I went looking for others. In fact, I found Ms. Kellar had completed her Master of Arts in Applied Anthropology. Granted in 2004, the title of her thesis is: One Methodology for the Incorporation of Entomological Material in the Discipline of Historic Archaeology Using the Honey Bee (Apis mellifera L.) as a Test Subject. With the wonders of the internet, here is her thesis!

Ms. Kellar goes into much more detail about those first beehives which arrived in Jamestown in 1622. Curious? Please sit down and read her thesis!

2. Ibid.

3. Seeger, Pete. “Turn! Turn! Turn! (To Everything There Is A Season).” The Bitter and the Sweet. Columbia. 1962. Vinyl: LP.

Listen to Pete Seeger as he sings, at age 93, the song he wrote in 1962, Turn! Turn! Turn! (To Everything There Is A Season), which uses – almost word-for-word – the first eight verses of the third chapter of the biblical Book of Ecclesiastes, King James version. This recording took place on November 9, 2012, with the Hudson River Sloop Clearwater Foundation honoring legendary musician David Amram with the “Power of Song Award” at Symphony Space in New York City.

Pete lived near the Hudson River – a pristine river first explored in 1609 by an English captain on a mission for the Dutch: Henry Hudson in the ship the Halve Maen. Pete Seeger, in the Sloop Clearwater, helped clean up that same Hudson River, some 350 years later.

Consider, for a moment, the lifelong legacy of this one, simple musician. One of the many, many things he did was to take on the corporate polluters of the Hudson River … and win.

A little over a year after that Power of Song Award concert down near New York harbor, we – especially those of us on and near his beloved Hudson River – lost Pete Seeger on January 27, 2014. He was 94.

4. Rachel Carson was a scientist, ecologist, and writer. Employed for fifteen years by the federal government in the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, she rose to the position of Editor-in-Chief of all publications for that agency. Linda Lear, who wrote a biography of Rachel Carson, lists Ms. Carson’s four books as:

Under the Sea-Wind (1941)
The Sea Around Us (1952)
The Edge of the Sea (1955)
Silent Spring (1962)

Ms. Lear’s biography of Rachel Carson is entitled Biography Witness for Nature (1997); it was was re-issued in 2009 by by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, as Rachel Carson: Witness for Nature.

Ms. Lear also references the 1970 book by Frank Graham, entitled Since Silent Spring Rachel Carson has been proved right. What have we done about it?

A research archive of the life and work of Rachel Carson, the Lear-Carson Collection, is maintained at Connecticut College in New London, CT.

5. My generation will never forget the images of piles of dead fish on our river banks and in our streams, birds’ eggs not hatching, and the dire warning that the American bald eagle was poised to go extinct, all due to a systemic pesticide, DDT.

It is directly because of the impact which both Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring and Pete Seeger had upon me (my family lived near to the Hudson River and knew how polluted it was), that I, with a bunch of other like-minded students, co-founded our high school’s first-ever Ecology Club and we initiated its first-ever Earth Day celebration, which became a yearly event throughout the entire high school. Town-wide, monthly newspaper drives, initiated and organized by one of our French teachers, dear M. George Johnson, were the beginnings of ‘recycling’  in our community: a brand new concept in the late 1960’s – early ’70’s.

During high school, the Sloop Clearwater used to (and still does!) dock at key towns and cities up and down the length of the Hudson River from New York harbor up to Albany, New York; the sight of her majestic, tall mast and beautiful, white sails slowly floating downriver was unique, memorable and inspiring to a young adult concerned about the plight of the living beings we share the planet with.

Is it vacant, silent honey bee hives, backyards bereft of floating monarch’s and birdsong, and piles of dead bumble bees in store parking lots which are to be this generation’s systemic pesticides’ warning klaxon?

It was the Sloop Clearwater, Pete Seeger and a whole bunch of concerned citizens – Moms, Dads, kids (and musicians!) – who all changed the Hudson River’s story. People like renowned naturalist and Illinois beekeeper, Terence Ingram and his Eagle Nature Foundation, Ltd., (he began studying bald eagles in 1962, the same year Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring was published), positively changed the story of the bald eagle.

Who is changing the systemic pesticide / neonicotinoid story for our pollinators here in 2017?

Can we gardeners make a difference, each in our home communities?

6. On September 20, 2017 the International Union of Conservation of Nature’s Task Force on Systemic Pesticides (TFSP), an international body of scientists, released its latest, updated warning about neonicotinoids, Severe Threats to Biodiversity from Neonicotinoid Pesticides Revealed in Latest Scientific Review.

GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! NEONICS I. Gardeners: neonic-coated seeds, the flowers in our gardens, lethal to pollinators & bees


Posted by Laura Hagen, HWFC Member-Owner and family to an ‘organic practices’ beekeeper

GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! is a blog dedicated to American independently-owned, Member-Owned & operated, community food co-ops, their Member-Owners and families.


Dear fellow Honest Weight Food Co-op (HWFC) Member-Owners, food co-op lovers, and gardeners,

Today, I’m initiating a series about neonicotinoids, insecticides which have been implicated in massive numbers of pollinator deaths, as well as honey bee die-offs, called colony collapse disorder (CCD).

Since it is the fall planting season and many co-op families are busy planting, I’m leading off this series with a neonicotinoid-warning to gardeners.


“Homeowners are planting flowers in their yards thinking they’re helping bees and they’re basically planting poison plants…”

Erin MacGregor-Forbes, Maine Beekeeper

from The Case of The Vanishing Bees by Tom Turner
Posted on Earthjustice

A relatively new industrial agriculture (BIG Ag) practice is the coating of seeds with neonicotinoids (‘new nicotine-like insecticides’ or ‘neonics’), 1 an insecticide which damages the central nervous system of honey bees and pollinators and can cause paralysis and death. Neonics have been clearly implicated in colony collapse disorder (CCD) and massive honey and bumble bee die-offs across the country. 2

Since the mid-2000s, when this practice gained strong momentum, BIG Ag has been routinely coating the seeds of many mono-crops with these pesticides; corn – America’s no. 1 cash crop – soy, wheat, cotton, sunflowers, 3 potatoes, canola (oilseed rape), sugar beets, 4 many cereal grains and legumes, and some vegetables are only some examples of the mono-crops which are getting this seed treatment, both here in the US and throughout the world.

It was also in the mid-2000s that the United States – in a never-seen-like-this-before calamity! – began losing, on average, one third of its managed honey bees annually, as estimated by researchers; a horrific trend which has continued to this day and, in many states, has gotten even worse. 5

71 to nearly 100 percent of the corn seed used in the US today is treated with neonics; a majority of soybean seeds are, as well. Farmers report it is all but impossible to buy corn seed that has not been neonic treated. Seed companies have been steadily increasing the amount of this pesticide used per seed, to the point where some seeds are now routinely being coated with five times the original amounts used!

Neonics are the most widely-used insecticide in the world today. In the US, there are six neonics, called ‘active ingredients,’ registered by the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) for agricultural use: imidacloprid (the most widely-used, worldwide), acetamiprid, clothianidin, dinotefuran, thiacloprid, and thiamethoxam (nitenpyram, a seventh, is not registered for used in agriculture). They are being used extensively in (non-organic) agriculture as a foliar spray, in soil drenching, in tree trunk injections, and as a coating for seeds.

It is noteworthy that three neonics were banned in the EU in 2013 for two years, for use on bee-attractive, flowering crops (e.g. corn, sunflowers and canola), and their use was also restricted on ornamental crops (e.g. annuals and perennials). The EU is currently reviewing this ban with the possibility of making it permanent.

It was only very recently, that researchers began to investigate just how pervasive the use of neonic-coated seeds is in the US. As it turns out, the federal government wasn’t even gathering stats about the use of neonic-coated seeds because, under EPA guidelines, it is not considered a pesticide application! 6 This 2015 study, by Margaret R. Douglas and John F. Tooker from Penn State University, states:

“…We synthesized publicly available data to estimate and interpret trends in neonicotinoid use since their introduction in 1994, with a special focus on seed treatments, a major use not captured by the national pesticide-use survey …

… It is remarkable that almost the entire area of the most widely grown crop in the U.S. (i.e., maize) is now treated with an insecticide, yet we have no public survey data reflecting this trend… 7

Pesticide-coating of seeds represents a frightening paradigm shift in pesticide deployment; instead of using pesticides after pests become evident, BIG Ag now prophylactically treats all the seeds of particular crops, before they are even planted.

According to a 2016 Minnesota Department of Agriculture report, neonics in the US are being used primarily as seed treatments. Of those seed treatments, 80% consist of neonic pesticides.

According to this report, Pollinators and Pesticides, by the Center for Food Safety:

“From 2009-2011, over 3.5 million pounds of neonicotinoids were applied to roughly 127 million acres of agricultural crops annually across the United States.” 8

With 3.5 million pounds of neonicotinoids applied annually to US crops – covering an area which represents approximately one twelfth the area of the US, minus Hawaii and Alaska – how can it be that the EPA does not consider this seed-coating a pesticide application, when we are blanketing our farmland and ecosystem with a toxic load of neonics each and every year? (see 6)

The BIG Ag practice of coating seeds in neonic pesticides also extends to annuals – flowering, as well as vegetable & herb plants – perennials, bulbs, rhizomes, larger ornamentals (shrubs), and indoor potted plants.


Flowers are the primary source of honey bees’ food, from which they gather pollen & nectar. It takes the entire lifetime of each of ten, nectar-gathering field bees – each of whom live for six weeks during the summer – to make 1 teaspoon of honey. Notice the soft, fine hairs of this honey bee; her ‘fur’ collects and moves pollen from one flower to another.

Neonics are also being used extensively in other landscape applications, by both homeowners and landscape professionals, including as foliar sprays, soil drenching of turf and trees, and trunk injections.

That there is a pervasive BIG Ag, industry-wide practice of coating seeds with a toxic, systemic pesticide is a fact not well known by most people, let alone home gardeners.

Millions of American home gardeners are – every spring, every fall – transporting hundreds of thousands of flowering annuals and perennials to our homes and gardens – each of our front & backyards, porches, decks, sidewalks, mailboxes, bird feeders, window boxes, and railings decorated with a profusion of beautiful blooms and blossoms – with absolutely no idea that we are poisoning the honey bees and pollinators, for whom a flower is an essential source of food.



“I was asked yesterday by Minnesota Public Radio reporter Dan Gunderson how long I thought we had before disaster struck. ‘How long?’ I answered. ‘It isn’t a question of how long any more, the disaster is here.'”

New York commercial beekeeper Jim Doan forced out of business by pesticide losses
Tom Theobald, Colorado beekeeper

Neonics are systemic, water-soluble pesticides, meaning the pesticide doesn’t simply remain on the surface of the plant. It, instead, travels through a plant’s vascular system, permanently poisoning the plant for the life of the plant: roots, stems, leaves, fruit, berries, flowers, nectar and pollen.

In pollinators, the poisoning by neonics is cumulative; each and every time a honey bee, for example, visits a stand of neonic-tainted clover blossoms in a day, her own neuro-toxicity increases.

Neonics are  – just like the systemic DDT about which Rachel Carson warned in her 1962 book, Silent Spring – very toxic to the living things in an ecosystem, enduring, and their use creates unintended & dire consequences.

However, the DDT Rachel Carson warned about pales in comparison to the toxicity of neonics. Some neonics are, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Task Force on Systemic Pesticides, “…at least 5,000 to 10,000 times more toxic to bees than DDT… .” 9 These pesticides are, therefore, highly toxic to honey bees and pollinators in tiny amounts.

Furthermore, when some neonics breakdown, these metabolites can be 10-16 times more toxic to pollinators!

The maximum annual usage of DDT in the US (which occurred in 1959) was 80 million pounds. Using the 2009 figure for US neonic usage (which he found was 3.4 million pounds), beekeeper Tom Theobald estimated (given that neonics are 5,000 – 10,000 times more toxic than DDT and he used the more conservative figure of 5,000) that, per year:

“We are now drenching American farmland with the equivalent of 17.5 billion pounds of DDT.” 10

These statistics alone should put to rest any question that neonicotinoid pesticides are causing great harm to bees - and pollinators - in the United States. Our environment is a frighteningly more poisonous and toxic place than Rachel Carson could ever have imagined.

“One of the most concerning aspects about neonicotinoid seed treatments is their propensity for contaminating the environment: when used as a coating on seeds, only 1.6-2.0% of the amount of the active chemical applied actually enters the crop itself, leaving the remainder of the chemical coating to pollute the environment.” 11

When neonic-coated seeds are first sown, a pesticide dust cloud is released into the wind, contaminating neighboring fields, flower-rich hedgerows (including, for example, nearby organic wildflower habitats 12) and pollinators, which can be harmed on both a contact and an oral basis by some neonics. This pesticide’s water solubility makes it especially dangerous as it very easily travels everywhere, ultimately contaminating our ground water, ponds, rivers, streams, and wetlands. That there is a ‘downstream’ effect to land and water invertebrates, as well as bats and insect-feeding woodland birds, is a given.

This neonic dust, by the way, can also include talc or graphite (used as seed lubricants with forced air seed planters). According to a 2012 Purdue University study in Indiana, this contaminated talc is “light“and “mobile” and “…the exhausted talc showed extremely high levels of the insecticides – up to about 700,000 times the lethal contact dose for a bee…” 13

The article continues:

” ‘Whatever was on the seed was being exhausted into the environment,’ Krupke said. ‘This material is so concentrated that even small amounts landing on flowering plants around a field can kill foragers or be transported to the hive in contaminated pollen. This might be why we found these insecticides in pollen that the bees had collected and brought back to their hives.'” 14

Is anyone researching the damage which tons of airborne, (non-purified?) talc itself might be inflicting upon pollinators and the environment (and anyone in proximity to talc-contaminated air and fields), in addition to the neonics in the talc itself?

What is the impact of talc (and/or graphite), being brought back to the hive in the pollen which field bees collect? 15

[See these images, detailing the US increase in the use of seed treatments of just one neonic, imidacloprid, from 2000 –  2014.]

Neonics, doing double damage, degrade slowly as they continue to poisonand they are taken up by neighboring plants. In soil, neonics have a half-life of between 148 days to as long as nineteen years. These pesticides accumulate with each application, creating, of farmland – of your garden – year-by-year, an increasingly toxic environment for pollinators.

It was absolutely shocking to discover that one of the seeds available with a neonic-coating – used as a cover & rotational crop and to seed pasture is clover. Clover is a favorite flower of honey bees; how many millions of us of us enjoy our clover honey! Pasture sown with this seed will subject bees – who will return multiple times throughout the day – to longterm, low level (sublethal) exposure to toxic neonics, poisoning of the hive, and eventual, likely, colony collapse. 16

Gardeners, what kind of world are we allowing wherein a simple flower has become, to a bee, a poisonous bio-hazard?


Home gardeners, and their pollinators, may be exposed to much higher concentrations of neonics – in landscape ornamentals, annuals, perennials and through landscape contractor practices and homeowner application – than those allowed for in large-scale, commercial agricultural crops:

"Products [neonicotinoids] approved for home and garden use may be applied to ornamental and landscape plants, as well as turf, at significantly higher rates (potentially 120 times higher) than those approved for agricultural crops." 17
One report from 2014 revealed, "Amounts used on ornamentals lead to residues 12-16 times greater than found on crop plants." 18

You cannot wash, soak or scrub this pesticide off. It creates, of any new plant you bed into your garden, a neonic-producing factory, poisoning everything it produces – including the pollen and nectar – for the life of that plant (please read, here).

Your own backyard garden can become a source of this toxic poison, exposing the honey bees, bumblebees, butterflies and monarchs, moths, beetles, lady bugs, native pollinators, hummingbirds, birds, bats (and earthworms) which visit your garden to sublethal (enough to harm but not kill) or lethal doses of neonics.

To be blunt: the beautiful flowers in your own garden, which woo the pollinators, may be wooing them to their death. 19

BeesKnees (2)

The yellow sacs – ‘pollen baskets’ – on this bee are packed to the brim with pollen, gathered from flowers and stored for delivery to the hive, behind the bee’s knees – hence the term ‘The Bee’s Knees!’ Make sure you only purchase local, ‘certified organic’ plants so the pollen which visiting honey bees collect in your garden is free of neonicotinoids.

According to a recent UN report put out by its Intergovernmental Panel for Biodiversity Ecosystem Services (IPBES), some pollinators – up to 40% in some locations! – are now facing extinction.

The IUCN stated in a 2014 report that 9% of all bees and almost 24% of bumblebees in Europe are now threatened with extinction.

On March 21, 2017 – just six month ago – the rusty patched bumble bee became the first bee in the continental United States to be federally-protected under the Endangered Species Act. This should be a day of mourning for all those who cherish bees and should serve as an urgent wake-up call: for with bees as an ‘indicator species,‘ alerting us as to the health (or illness) of an ecosystem, are we now in trouble?

[Right now, please watch this documentary, A Ghost in the Making Searching for the Rusty-Patched Bumble Bee, by Clay Bolt.]

“…even tiny doses
of a neonicotinoid pesticide
called imidacloprid reduce the amount
of pollen collected by bumblebee colonies by 57
percent, and … the effects last for at least
a month after exposure.” 20

To help you understand neonicotinoids and the poisoning of bees, birds and beneficial insects – from the perspective of an Integrative Pest Management (IPM) specialist – I cannot recommend this publication highly enough: the nonprofit Bio-Integral Resource Center’s April 2014 Special Edition Quarterly, entitled Neonicotinoids, Bees, Birds and Beneficial Insects. It’s short; please read it cover-to-cover.

“The major risk [to birds] is seed

treatments; one imidacloprid treated

corn seed, 3-4 cereal seeds,

or 4-5 canola seeds

can be lethal

to the

average bird.” 21

William Quarles, PhD, IPM Specialist, Executive Director of the Bio-Integral Resource Center (BIRC)



“A single corn plant grown from an imidacloprid-treated seed will have access to 1.34 milligrams (mg) of imidacloprid from the soil it is grown in. In contrast, the recommended label application rate for a perennial nursery plant in a three-gallon pot is 300 mg of imidacloprid, an amount that is 220 times more imidacloprid per plant.”

Gardeners Beware:Bee-Toxic Pesticides Found in “Bee-Friendly”
Plants Sold at Garden Centers Nationwide

Friends of the Earth, 2013

Honey bees can travel up to three miles from their hive, however, they will tend to stay within a mile, or so, from home. Flowers are honey bees’ only source of food (with a few minor exceptions) and it may be in your garden where they are getting pollen (when fermented with nectar it becomes “bee bread,” their source of protein) and nectar (when fermented it becomes “honey,” their source of carbohydrate).

Your garden flowers are their kitchen larder!

It is not well-known that honey bees also store water in the hive. Have a source of fresh water for visiting honey bees and pollinators, especially during the hot days of summer. (Use a shallow container and place stones in it, so the honey bees have a place to land.)

A Friends of the Earth (FoE) pilot study, 22 released in 2013, Gardeners Beware: Bee-Toxic Pesticides Found in “Bee-Friendly” Plants Sold at Garden Centers Nationwide, reported that at major retailers across the country, 7 out of 13 flowering garden plants tested contained neonics. In 2014, Mother Earth News recommended only buying “certified organic transplants.” 23

A follow-up FoE study – Gardeners Beware 2014 – demonstrated the sheer, devilish perversity pervading the gardening industry: over half of the ‘bee-friendly plants’ tested, were, themselves poisoned with neonicotinoids, with no warning whatsoever provided to the consumer!

Bees, in particular, are extremely sensitive to, thus easily harmed by, neonicotinoids. These poisoned ‘bee-friendly’ plants, when transplanted to your garden, will harm or kill visiting bees…

…and you will never even know it happened.

In 2016, even though the new FoE report indicated there is progress, it was shocking to see favorite annuals like coreopsis, salvia and petunias as testing extremely high in neonic residues. This FoE report shows that most large retailers are implementing plans to eliminate neonics from their plant sales’, as well as labeling any which have neonics in them.

However, there are still many US consumer reports of plant retailers continuing to openly sell plants grown with neonics without labels, professing ignorance as to their plant products, or who are being out-and-out deceptive in their sales’ practices.

If you chose to buy these plants and plant them in your garden…

…you may be endangering the pollinators in your backyard with neonic pesticides.


One significant (and, as yet, unrecognized by the public) place where neonics are entering the plant supply chain is at the creation of a plug (seedlings, liners, starts). These are seedlings, raised from seed in individual cells and sold ready for transplanting. Many nurseries purchase flats of plugs / starts from seedling wholesalers and transplant them, to save on the time, space and warm conditions needed to germinate seeds. When they order trays of these plugs / starts, they can select – at the point of sale – the option to have seeds grown which are “coated.” (See this example of a plant catalogue, utilized by plant retailers, which sells coated plugs, pp. 61-70 and 112.)

So, it is with the very seed itself – or, rather, the toxic treatment of the seed – where both the danger to pollinators …as well as the silent poisoning of our gardens, begins.

Without neonic-warning labels on each and every plug and start (which will, themselves, each be moved and transplanted at least once) – it becomes impossible for the home gardener to know if the adult plant they are purchasing is 100% guaranteed-free of a neonic pesticide.

Retailers, themselves, may not even know if their plugs and starts were neonic-treated, or what other chemicals may be in them! For example, one company in the plug business since 1968, has two nurseries which produce ornamental plant plugs, in nurseries in China.

The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, in its 2016 report, How Neonicotinoids Can Kill Bees, states, “…to our knowledge, no measurements are available of pollen or nectar residues of ornamental plants after coated seeds are planted…24

Just as it was uncovered that no federal agency was tracking the annual tonnage of neonics being spread across millions of acres of farmland via seeds, it appears no one is tracking just how poisoned the flowering plants, herbs, vegetable seedlings, annuals, perennials and bulbs are, which millions of gardeners are bringing home.

In 2016, Maryland became the first state to regulate neonic use among consumers; a  major weakness, however, is the lack of a requirement to label plants, seeds or nursery stock treated with neonics. The law places no neonic restrictions upon industry: for example, seed and pesticide companies, farmers, veterinarians and the home repair industry.


Much harder to control is the lingering presence of pesticides that have been applied to plants months before they reach your garden. There have been reports of dead bees – both honey bees and bumble bees – around commercially grown hanging baskets…

Neonicotinoids in Your Garden
Jennifer Hopwood and Matthew Shepherd

CONSIDER THIS: How many families - in just your neighborhood - planted or displayed neonic-poisoned flowering plants this summer? What has that done to the food supply of pollinators?

This is happening to pollinators all across the United States, in every single neighborhood, in every single town, village and city.

We gardeners need to get the word out: please talk to your neighbors - one neighbor at a time - and educate them. Use this FoE document, Bee Bold Take a Stand Against Bee Killing Pesticides, to help you.

Neonic usage is pervasive in the ‘home & garden’ world. It is industry-wide practice to use neonics as a foliar spray. Soil drenching, in the treatment of turf, trees and ornamental shrubs is another common application method, as well as trunk injections; pesticide residues can remain for months or years. Check the chemicals of landscape contractors you hire and – before you purchase – make sure that any plants, bulbs, rhizomes, bare root plants, shrubs and trees have not had their roots or soil neonic-drenched.

Even the hanging baskets you buy, overflowing with gorgeous annual blossoms, are routinely soaked in a vat of neonics 25 and neonics are included in some “plant starter mixes” (soil)!

With December coming, some families had better prepare for this one: neonics (imidacloprid and thiamethoxam) are approved for use on Christmas trees! Does this include wreaths? Door swags? One would assume yes. This fact may alter many Christmas, Solstice and winter celebrations of those families which also seek to protect pollinators. 26

Many town & city arborists across the country are routinely treating public shrubs and trees with neonics; some are flowering. This has become standard procedure in arboriculture. 27 Turf treatment with neonics, on both public and private land, is epidemic.

Neonics have found their way into our public parks, gardens, golf courses, nature centers, and even our children’s ball fields and playgrounds!

Many common “garden care” products (used by both homeowners and landscape contractors) contain neonicotinoids. These neonic products (and see here, pp. 60-61, and here) are readily available at hardware stores, garden centers and Big Box stores. The variety of trademarked neonic products on the market is so vast, I was unable to locate a single comprehensive, up-to-date product list to point you to!

I found out why. Searching at the EPA website for the six registered and active neonic pesticides approved for use in agriculture, here, returned a staggering 1,688 individual neonic product names – with names like Venom, Maxforce, Assail, Malice, Dominion and Scorpion – all either for sale on store shelves directly to consumers or to seed companies, farmers, vets and others, licensed to use these products in industrial agriculture!

The EPA site was not at all consumer-helpful. Go, instead, to the Pesticide Research Institute’s (PRI) Pesticide Product Evaluator, where you can quickly search for the pesticide data you need. (PRI assisted in the writing of the FoE reports, cited above.) Use of this database requires a fee, however, they allow for a one-day free trial. (I am still searching for a free, searchable site for consumers.)

Neonics are also being used to control parasites in pets (fleas, ticks and worms: please check with your veterinarian for the neonic “Nitenpyram,” and have them also check their databases for the other six registered neonics); as well as indoor insects (e.g. ants, termites, bedbugs); and as a wood preservative treatment, in insulation and building supplies. Neonics are – in point of fact – registered with the EPA for multiple different uses impacting consumer homes and gardens.

Given that the seeds of cover crops, like clover, are available with a neonic-coating, the next logical question is: What about grass seed? Is that, too, available with a neonic coating? A New Zealand writer, Jodie Bruning, asks: What’s all that coloured stuff on our grass seeds? This document confirms it is neonics.

This Pesticide Action Network Asia and the Pacific (PAN AP) report, Highly Hazardous Pesticides  Neonicotinoids, indicates, again, neonics are being used on grass seed. (I have not yet confirmed usage in the US. A quick call to the Northeast Organic Farming Association of New York (NOFA-NY), should get me the name of the right person to ask about neonic-coated grass seed here in NYS, as a start.)

The ramifications, not only to our soil and pollinators, but to earthworms, beetles and the birds which eat earthworms and beetles – if neonic-coated grass seed is indeed on the market and being sold to US homeowners – is frightening.

Home owners and gardeners  have – unknowingly and without their permission – become the vector for a poison  – at doses allowed to be much, much higher than those used in food crop agriculture – which is endangering our pollinators and polluting not only our backyards, but – because we have not demanded public policy changes at the village, town and city levels – also our neighborhoods, parks, public spaces, and playgrounds.

One need only remember the fate of the rusty patched bumble bee to recognize we families must take action at the local level to protect our pollinators.


Since the FoE reports documented that some plant retailers are being deceptive and, given that plant neonic treatments are totally invisible, the warning, caveat emptor!  – buyer beware! – applies.

One of the FoE’s recommendations to retailers in its report, Gardener’s Beware 2016, is that retailers offer, for sale to the public, “third-party certified organic starts and plants.” 28

However, be warned that 36.2% of the respondents in the Greenhouse Grower’s 2016 State of the Industry White Paper, a trade publication, stated they will continue to use neonics in production.

You, the consumer,

NEED to complain. When

enough consumers show – with their

wallets – that they won’t buy these

poisoned plants and they will

buy ‘certified organic’

plants – they’ll get

the message.

Your voice matters! Complain! Be upset! Post your neonic concerns with plant sellers! Call the plant managers! Because this FoE 2015 report demonstrates that consumer pressure can be leveraged to create change in the garden industry: Growing Bee-Friendly Garden Plants: Profiles In Innovation.

And, because forewarned is forearmed, here are some of the answers with which plant retailers are being prepped, by industry, for those times when we savvy consumers come along and start asking really uncomfortable and pointed questions about neonics in their plants.


Changing you gardening behaviors and habits is critical and it really matters.

Friends of the Earth makes it clear that we gardeners and homeowners are now part of the problem:

"Unfortunately for bees, other pollinators and for all of us, the now common cosmetic use of neonicotinoid pesticides in gardens, lawns and landscapes is an important factor in declining health of managed and wild pollinators." 29

If you are using neonics in your garden or grass or allowing landscape contractors to use these chemicals in your garden, on your grass, on your shrubs and trees, or anywhere on your property, STOP! Figure out a different strategy. Please consider going organic!

As gardeners, one of the safest courses for our honey bees and pollinators is to only purchase ‘certified organic’ plants which are labeled as such. Only buy from reputable, well-known plant sellers, who publicly advertise that they do not allow neonics (and pesticides, herbicides, insecticides and fungicides) use at any stage of plant production.

A reputable nursery should be more than willing to verify this for you; nurseries, unlike ‘Big Box’ stores, are in the business of growing and selling plants and they value the relationships with longtime, repeat customers.

Be assertive; if you are not satisfied with the answers you get, walk away from that plant retailer and do not go back.

The safest course for home gardeners (and least expensive, for you thrifty green thumbs!), in my opinion? Propagate your own seeds in organic soil medium from ‘certified organic’ heirloom seeds and seeds which you saved yourself and initiate the time-honored practice of seed and plant exchanges between fellow (organic) gardeners.

For it is you, on behalf of the pollinators which grace your backyard, who are 100% in charge of which flowering plants end up in your garden. Plant wisely.


A beekeeper who uses organic practices in hive management, inspecting a Kenyan Top Bar Hive (KTBH), shaped like a hollow log (a preferred wild honey bee habitat). This hive allows for easy inspection without unnecessarily disturbing the bees. He uses no gloves – to allow for sensitivity in inspection – and (often) no smoke, due to his familiarity with the rhythm of the hives.



Honest Weight Food Co-op (HWFC) does not have a written, publicized neonic policy. I, therefore, am including the non-organic plants, seeds and gardening products (like straw, hay and soil) for sale at HWFC in this warning. Only purchase ‘certified organic’ plants and gardening products from HWFC. Its policy should state that HWFC will only purchase regionally-grown, ‘certified organic’ 30 indoor and outdoor plants, seeds, cut flowers, wreaths, door swags & evergreen products, and garden supplies. Period.

The policy needs to require written contracts with all plant & garden vendors, in which the vendor explicitly states that it does not use neonicotinoids (and any pesticides, herbicides, insecticides and fungicides) at any stage of plant production, including in plugs & starts, soil mediums, foliar sprays, and elsewhere on the farm. Each plant needs to have a clear label.

With the gardening industry the way it is today – the industry-wide use of neonic-treated plugs & starts, the use of neonics in planting mediums, the greenhouse foliar spraying with neonics – it is simply not good enough to strive to not carry plants which are neonic-treated. HWFC must NOT carry any neonic-treated plants and supplies.

For “striving” will not keep our pollinators out of harm’s way.

This sample letter and questionnaire to a ‘valued grower’ from FoE (pp. 49-52) is a well-thought out way to insure that all the seeds, plants, and plant supplies HWFC sells are safe for pollinators; FoE highly recommends ‘certified organic’ as being the safest.

FoE also published a report and scorecard, Swarming the Aisles Rating Top Retailers on Bee-Friendly and Organic Food, which should be reviewed by our co-op for the ‘pollinator protection policies’ being implemented at top US food stores.


Before you buy those mum plants,

those unlabeled crocus bulbs,

that Christmas tree or wreath,


to make sure they have a label

that says they’re neonic-free


better, that they’re ‘certified organic.’

If not,

put them right back…

…and walk away.

We are very fortunate that, in addition to non-organic plants, HWFC includes ‘certified organic’ plants and seeds in its plant selections; many local nurseries do not. (Lots more about The Farm at Miller’s Crossing – a Hudson Valley farm selling certified organic vegetables, grass fed beef and maple syrup, and whose certified organic flower, vegetable and herb plants HWFC has sold for years – in a special, upcoming post.)

It is crystal clear to me – who has a family member who is a longtime ‘organic-practices’ beekeeper – that, until the plant-growing industry cleans up its act, our co-op needs to adopt the above policy and aggressively implement and publicize it.

We at HWFC cannot wait another season, for Christmas trees and wreaths will be coming in, probably loaded with neonics… …and without labels alerting us not to buy them.

Many other large corporations, like Home Depot, Lowe’s, Walmart’s, BJ’s Wholesale Club and Whole Foods have already adopted plans to get rid of neonics. Our co-op needs to proclaim its commitment to our pollinators and be proud of its stand against the sale of neonics and pesticides in any and all of the seeds, cut flowers, bulbs, holiday wreaths, plants and plant products which it offers for sale to the public.



Since we’re on the subject of seeds, let me highlight the two regional seed companies whose seeds HWFC sells. 31 Both offer ‘certified organic’ selections:

Take the time to read this wonderful interview with Fedco Seeds‘ founder, CR Lawn. Fedco, a Maine-based business founded in 1978, is a co-operative; HWFC has been a member for decades, maybe almost since Fedco’s founding! Approximately 30% of its seeds are ‘certified organic’ and Fedco sells neither coated nor genetically-modified seeds. They are quite knowledgeable about all the recent BIG Ag trends in seed production. Each February, HWFC Member-Owners look forward to the delivery of the simple, black & white newsprint Fedco seed catalogue, and we families, collectively, place an order with Fedco – all scrambling to meet their deadline! – and receiving a nice discount. Fedco seeds are sold at the store throughout the growing season, as well. 32

HWFC also sells seeds from the Hudson Valley Seed Company, which, since May 2013, has been both “a Certified Organic Farm and a Certified Organic Handler.” Their website states: “We offer heirloom and open-pollinated seeds for vegetable, flower, and herb varieties. Many of these seeds we produce on our own small farm; the rest we source from other local farmers, farmers in other regions, and from trustworthy wholesale seed houses that are not owned by or affiliated with multi-national biotech companies.” In addition, they “have signed the Safe Seed Pledge, and … adhere to Vandana Shiva’s Declaration [on] Seed Freedom.

This company is quite a treasure for us here in the Hudson Valley! Their ‘Art Packs’ (this is the ‘coating’ your seeds come in!) are designed by artists, many from the northeast and many who are, themselves, gardeners. This is an incredible, added bonus to your seed purchase!

Fall Bulbs

Fedco appears low on fall bulb stock, please browse; Hudson Valley Seed Company has plenty in stock and “All bulbs are neonicotinoid-free, as well as systemic fungicide and systemic pesticide-free.”

Before you purchase your fall bulbs, please listen to this The Organic View radio show, Hidden Dangers of Systemic Pesticides on Tulips & Bulbs, with host June Stoyer, as she interviews Jeroen Koeman, President & Co-Founder of EcoTulips LLC.



“In the past we didn’t designed gardens that play a critical ecological role in the landscape, but we must do so in the future … As gardeners and stewards of our land, we have never been so empowered to help save biodiversity from extinction, and the need to do so has never been so great.” 33

Douglas W. Tallamy

It’s not enough to purchase ‘certified organic’ annuals and perennials, if your intent is to feed local pollinators. You will want to bed in a variety of native flowering plants which are suited to your climate and soil and which span the growing season, so as to produce a variety of flowers, all season long. Be sure to plant late-bloomers for autumn pollinator needs.

If you just can’t part with certain beloved perennials, stick with the old-fashioned & heirloom varieties, something my Dad, a gardener, always recommended. They are ‘tried and true’ and they offer a better shot at providing good sources of pollen and nectar for pollinators than common, hybrid cultivars.

For, what you may not know, is that many of the annuals and perennials which you buy at ‘Big Box’ stores, grocery stores and most garden centers & nurseries are hybrids, bred specifically for the beauty and size of their blooms: their ‘curb appeal’ to humans. They are not bred for the flowers’ ability to produce high-quality, nutritious pollen and nectar.

Therefore, you need to become familiar with the wonderful world of native plants. Oh, joy, a new adventure in gardening to begin!

Here are three good resources to begin learning about native, pollinator-friendly plants for your garden: Friends of the Earth’s Bee & Bee Create Your Own Bed and Breakfast for Bumblebees, the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation’s Pollinator Plants Northeast Region and Douglas W. Tallamy’s Bringing Nature Home How Native Plants Sustain Wildlife in Our Gardens.


In its second year, this HoneyBee Fest in the tiny NY hamlet of Narrowsburg, offered local honey, bee-related crafts, honey ice cream, music, bee workshops, and even a modest Bee Parade! Narrowsburg has officially “adopted” the honey bee; other Sullivan County towns have each “adopted” a different pollinator.

Kim Eierman, an Environmental Horticulturist and a presenter this weekend at the Narrowsburg, NY HoneyBee Fest, and with whom I met, highly recommended the works of Dr. Doug Tallamy, Sara Bonnett Stein, (who has sadly passed away) and her book Noah’s Garden: Restoring the Ecology of Our Own Backyards and, of course all of Rachel Carson’s books, including Silent Spring. Here is her own list of resources and her list of bee-friendly native perennials and late-blooming native perrenials. I am simply floored at the wealth of valuable information available on her website!


 This stand of native flowers in a suburban, upstate NY garden provides a better source of food for pollinators than the non-native cultivars and hybrid perrenials offered at most nurseries and ‘Big Box’ stores.

Ms. Eierman, founder of EcoBeneficial, who cautioned me to remember “right plant, right place,” when selecting native plants, is a “Certified Horticulturist through the American Society for Horticultural Science … an Accredited Organic Landcare Professional, a Steering Committee member of The Native Plant Center, and a member of The Ecological Landscape Alliance and the Garden Writers Association … She teaches at the New York Botanical Garden, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, The Native Plant Center in NY, Rutgers Home Gardeners School and several other institutions.

She recommended these two regional native plant nurseries, the Catskill Native Nursery in Kerhonkson, NY and Earth Tones Native Plants in Woodbury, CT, as being reputable, knowledgeable and happy to work with you in planning your pollinator garden.

Remember, in addition to honey bees, there are many other pollinators; native bees, bumblebees, butterflies, native wasps, moths and hummingbirds are just a few of the many different kinds of pollinators which might live in or fly through a backyard garden, seeking food and drink. Make sure your native plantings provide food for them, too. Study Doug Tallamy’s Bringing Nature Home How Native Plants Sustain Wildlife in Our Gardens and his new book, with co-author Rick Darke, The Living Landscape: Designing for Beauty and Biodiversity in the Home Garden, and peruse the wonderful, (free!) information at EcoBeneficial.



Do not support BIG Ag and the gardening industry’s harmful, destructive and toxic practice of growing plants from neonic-coated seeds or the spraying & dousing of plants with neonic pesticides.

  • Do not share your family’s ‘garden budget’ with any retailer which is not selling ‘certified organic’ plants and seeds, (see 30) which are labeled as such.
  • Do not allow plants treated with neonics or pesticides onto your property. (Be sure to review your lawn & garden contractors’ chemicals, and your own, as well. Go organic.)
  • Do support ‘certified organic’ seed and plant growers & retailers.
  • Do support regional, native plant nurseries, which specialize in understanding how plants and pollinators help each other.
  • Do begin planting for pollinators even if you know nothing about it. Read! Learn! Begin! One plant at a time, create a pollinator habitat in your own backyard.
  • Do take the first step, and switch to organic gardening, if you have not yet done so.

Take the time to just sit and watch the pollinators in your backyard. That’s it, just observe. Let them teach you.

For our pollinators’ and our honey bees’ lives depend upon your wise plant purchases and your organic land stewardship.

And please remember, Grassroots Action is Powerful! We gardeners can, one-by-one, in our backyards, towns & villages & counties, help effect the change pollinators need, together.


This sign, in the front yard of Christ Lutheran Church in Woodstock, NY, which we passed on the way home from the Narrowsburg, NY HoneyBee Fest, says it all:
If you plant it, they will come.”


Future topics I will be exploring relating to neonics and our honey bees and pollinators include:

  • Neonicotinoids: a public policy nightmare. Get involved to help NY’s pollinators!
  • Are neonic-coated seeds even allowed in NYS?
  • Whatever happened to that NYS Pollinator Task Force, formed in 2015, which seems to be missing-in-action …a case of “Task Force Collapse Disorder” right here in NY’s capital? (Let our own local author, Tracy Frisch, introduce you to that topic in Why Andrew Cuomo’s Pollinator Task Force Won’t Save New York’s Bees.)
  • How to invest your town, village, county or city in supporting pollinators.
  • The pervasive & frightening use of neonics in our food supply.
  • “Greenwashing” initiatives in which BIG Food and BIG Organic are investing BIG Sums, to lure you – the consumer – into believing they are doing everything possible to protect pollinators. (They’re not.)
  • The beekeeper’s perspective, from those natural beekeepers who specifically use organic principles in hive management.
  • The large, commercial ‘migratory beekeepers’ – who truck thousands of beehives all across the country following seasonal crops  – and whose apiaries are among those being threatened – and disappearing – because of BIG Ag mono-cropping practices and neonic-poisoned crops.

GiveBeesAChanceDo you think ‘John Lennon would approve of this message?’


If you liked this post, learned something from it or have a question, please leave me a note, below. Feedback is welcomed!

In true grassroots’ fashion, pass this information on to other pollinator & plant lovers, organic food lovers, and your friends and family, of course.

You can also sign up to receive automatic GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! updates in your email box. When you scroll upward, an icon, ‘follow,’ will appear in the lower right hand corner of your screen. Click on that and follow!


This series of posts about the dangers of neonicotinoids – and the dangers to our seeds – is dedicated to Mom and Dad: Dad, who was a greenhouse man and the head gardener on a Hudson River estate, where we lived in the gardener’s cottage (learn about Dad’s battle with ‘THAT woodchuck,’ here), and Mom, who was a florist, by his side, and a lifelong backyard gardener. Mom and Dad taught my brother and me to love the land, plants, birds, bees and animals which are the grace, wonder & beauty, in our everyday life. I cannot even imagine having a gardening conversation with them, in which the words butterflies or hummingbirds appeared in the same sentence as the word ‘extinct.’

Dad warned my brother and me when we were kids, sitting together in the back of the greenhouse on a warm, autumn day, watching him as he prepped some seeds for saving, “Kids, now I want you to remember this. Listen to me. Pay attention! Always save your seeds.” These words of my Dad, the gardener, resonate as I bear witness – fifty years later, ever the gardener’s daughter – to the assault upon our pollinators and upon our seeds.

© Laura Hagen


The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt.

John Philpot Curran



1. Please read the books:
2010: The systemic insecticides: a disaster in the making by Dutch toxicologist Henk Tenneke
2008: A Spring without Bees: How Colony Collapse Disorder Has Endangered Our Food Supply by Michael Schacker.

The Center for Food Safety maintains a list of peer-reviewed, scientific studies documenting the adverse impacts of neonicotinoids, here.

2. Where you get your news from is critical. There is the ‘real‘ news about CCD, honey bee and pollinator die-offs and pollinator extinction threats – as expressed by organizations I have cited in this blogpost, such as Earthjustice (here and here); Center for Food Safety (here, here, here, here, here); The Pesticide Action Network of North America (here, here, here, here, here, here;); Beyond Pesticides (here, here, here); Friends of the Earth (here); Pesticide Research Institute (here); The Neonicotinoid View on June Stoyer’s The Organic View Radio Show (here and here); The Pollinator Stewardship Council (here and here);  The American Bird Conservancy (here and here), and others.

Individual beekeepers who have been defending honey bees and pollinators include Jeff Anderson, Lucas Criswell, Gail Fuller, David Hackenberg. In addition, Steve Ellis of Old Mill Honey Co. (MN, CA), Jim Doan of Doan Family Farms (NY), Tom Theobald of Niwot Honey Farm (CO) and Bill Rhodes of Bill Rhodes Honey (FL); beekeepers who won one battle.

And then there is the ‘fake news’ being pumped out by standard media outlets like, for example, Bloomberg (Bees Are Bouncing Back From Colony Collapse Disorder) and some public radio outlets (Are Bees Making A Comeback From Colony Collapse Disorder?).

US Right to Know warns against the Genetic Literacy Project in its July 18, 2017 article Jon Entine and Genetic Literacy Project Spin Chemical Industry PR.

3. Due to sunflowers being one of BIG Ag’s mono-crops which utilizes neonic-coated seeds, birders are cautioned to only purchase organic sunflower seeds for the wild birds they feed.

4. Beekeepers who supply fondant (a “fudge” made of sugar and water) during the winter months, need to be aware that close to 50 percent of the white, table sugar in our country is manufactured from sugar beets. Not only are sugar beet seeds routinely neonic-coated but, as of 2009, 90 – 95 percent of US sugar beet production was reported as using Monsanto’s Roundup Ready® GM sugar beet seeds; the decision to do so was made in 2005. See: One Man’s Battle Against GM Sugar Beets by Ken Roseboro, editor of The Organic and Non-GMO Report.

For your fondant, source white sugar which is made from cane not sugar beets and, if possible, organic.

5. For example, in 2015-2016, NY was among the states which had the highest rates of (managed) honey bee die-offs, with 54.1 percent losses! National averages for the same time period were 44 percent. Some NYS commercial beekeepers have recently experienced 70 percent losses!

Annual losses of thirty percent had become the new national average, since 2006 – 2007. Prior to this, 5 – 10 percent in annual loss was the national norm among US managed honey beekeepers.

The USDA considers annual losses of 18.7 percent to be unsustainable.

This is a crisis.

6. Please read this 2016 article, Beekeeper Who Sounded Alarm on Colony Collapse Disorder Loses 90 Percent of His Hives, by Maryam Henein, the director of the award-winning documentary film, Vanishing of the Beesto understand how the US EPA is able to continue allowing neonic-coated seeds to be utilized in agriculture.

See the April 26, 2017 Citizen Petition to Regulate Coated Seeds under FIFRA.

In a partial victory, on May 8, 2017, a federal court ruled on a four-year old case, that the EPA violated the Endangered Species Act when it approved 59 neonicotinoid pesticide registrations, including uses for landscaping and ornamental plants. Tom Theobald, the beekeeper cited above, was one of the plaintiffs, which also included beekeepers Steve Ellis, Jim Doan, and Bill Rhodes; Center for Food Safety (CFS); Beyond Pesticides; Sierra Club; and Center for Environmental Health. It remains to be seen how this decision will help pollinators.

7. Douglas, Margaret R. and John F. Tooker. “Large-Scale Deployment of Seed Treatments Has Driven Rapid Increase in Use of Neonicotinoid Insecticides and Preemptive Pest Management in U.S. Field Crops.” Department of Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University. Environmental Science & Technology: 2015, 49 (8), pp. 5,088–5,097: pp. 5,088, 5,093. Web. 15 September 2017.

See the article by Nathan Collins, Bee-Harming Pesticides Are More Common Than Anyone Thought and this article, First National-Scale Reconnaissance of Neonicotinoid Insecticides in United States Streams, which both referenced the above study.

8. Walker, Larissa. “Pollinators and Pesticides.” Center for Food Safety, September 2013: p. 4. Web. 21 September 2017.

9. Conclusions of the IUCN Task Force on Systemic Pesticides. “Harm.” Worldwide Integrated Assessment, January 2015. Web. 20 September 2017.

See the IUCN Task Force on Systemic Pesticides’ chart comparing the toxicity, in honey bees, of DDT to neonicotinoids, here, in, Effects of neonicotinoids and fipronil on non-target invertebrates by L.W. Pisa

The IUCN’s Task Force on Systemic Pesticides – initiated by a group of European scientists – formed the Worldwide Integrated Assessment of the Impact of Systemic Pesticides on Biodiversity and Ecosystems (WIA). WIA “has made a synthesis of 1,121 published peer-reviewed studies spanning the last five years, including industry-sponsored ones. It is the single most comprehensive study of neonics ever undertaken, is peer reviewed, and published as open access so that the findings and the source material can be thoroughly examined by others.

10. Stoyer, June, host and Tom Theobald, special guest co-host. “The Big Picture on Neonicotinoids.” The Organic View Radio Show. The Neonicotinoid View, 8 September 2014. Web. 20 September 2017.

Please also see Tom Theobald, Are neonicotinoids the new DDT?

11. Walker, Larissa. “Pollinators and Pesticides.” Center for Food Safety, September 2013: p. 5. Web. 21 September 2017.

Dr. William Quarles states, “About 2-20% of a seed treatment is absorbed by the plant.” See: “Neonicotinoids, Bees, Birds and Beneficial Insects.” Bio-Integral Resource Center. Common Sense Pest Control Quarterly: Special Issue April 2014, Vol. XXVIII, Number 1-4: p. 3. Web. 25 September 2017.

12. USDA whistleblower, former USDA employee, and agro-ecologist and entomologist Dr. Jonathan Lundgren started a research initiative, Blue Dasher Farm, and has already begun producing data; this research demonstrates that simply growing a bunch of wildflowers (‘hedgerows‘) around fields which are continuing to be actively contaminated with neonics & windblown neonic seed dust will not protect pollinators from ongoing contamination by toxic neonics. (Consumer alert: funding ‘hedgerow‘ projects  – to the tune of millions of donated, corporate dollars to worthy nonprofits – is becoming the popular means for BIG Food and BIG Organic to [try and] demonstrate they are protecting our pollinators: ‘greenwashing‘ aimed directly at the consumer, assisted, in some cases, by happy, cartoon honey bees and colorful wildflowers on food product packages.)

This 2014 Center for Food Safety report, Heavy Costs  Weighing the Value of Neonicotinoid Insecticides in Agriculture, was peer-reviewed by Dr. Lundgren, in his role as a Research Entomologist, US Department of Agriculture.

13. Wallheimer, Brian. “Researchers: Honeybee deaths linked to seed insecticide exposure.” Purdue University. Purdue University News Service: 11 January 2012. Web. 27 September 2017.

The study referred to is: Krupke, Christian H., Greg J. Hunt, Brian D. Eitzer,  Gladys Andino, Krispn Given.” Multiple Routes of Pesticide Exposure for Honey Bees Living Near Agricultural Fields.” PLOS ONE. 03 January 2012. Web. 27 September 2017.

14. Ibid.

15. How many tons of talc are poisoning our farmlands each year? Is the talc which is being utilized purified and cosmetic-grade or not? Please see the U.S. Food & Drug Administration’s document, Talc. (Talc is a substance implicated in ovarian cancer deaths among women.)

16. This is an Australian source.

This Pesticide Action Network of North America (PANNA) report, Highly Hazardous Pesticides  Neonicotinoids, indicates neonics are being used on clover seeds in Canada. I am still researching the use of neonic-coated clover seeds in the US.

17. Hopwood, Jennifer, Mace Vaughan, Matthew Shepherd, David Biddinger, Eric Mader, Scott Hoffman Black, and Celeste Mazzacano. “Are Neonicotinoids Killing Bees? A Review of Research into the Effects of Neonicotinoid Insecticides on Bees, with Recommendations for Action.” The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation. The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, 2012: pp. v-vi. Web. 13 Sept. 2017. or

18. Quarles, William, PhD. “Neonicotinoids, Bees, Birds and Beneficial Insects.” Bio-Integral Resource Center. Common Sense Pest Control Quarterly: Special Issue April 2014, Vol. XXVIII, Number 1-4: p. 5. Web. 25 September 2017.

See the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation’s 2016 report, How Neonicotinoids Can Kill Bees, for the case study, Comparison Between Agricultural and Backyard Products, pp. 50-53.

As an aside, cut flowers are toxic with many different pesticides! This article by Dr. Mercola will help you locate organically-grown cut flowers.

19. This The Guardian article by Karl Mathiesen, Bees may become addicted to nicotine-like pesticides, reviews the 2015 study, Sébastien C. Kessler,, Bees prefer foods containing neonicotiniod pesticides.

20. News Editor. “Neonicotinoid Pesticides Harm Bees’ Foodgathering Ability.” Environment News Service, 29 January 2014. Web. 02 September 2017.

21. Quarles, William, PhD. “Neonicotinoids, Bees, Birds and Beneficial Insects.” Bio-Integral Resource Center. Common Sense Pest Control Quarterly: Special Issue April 2014, Vol. XXVIII, Number 1-4: p. 8. Web. 25 September 2017.

Also see this January 2015 WIA document, Conclusions of the Worldwide Integrated Assessment on the risks of neonicotinoids and fipronil to biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: “Overall, at concentrations relevant to field exposure scenarios in fields sown with coated seeds, imidacloprid and clothianidin pose risks to small birds, and ingestion of even a few treated seeds could cause mortality or reproductive impairment to sensitive bird species.

22. Please see these organizations’ pollinator resource pages: Friends of the Earth, here, and Pesticide Research Institutehere.

23. This is the USDA National Organic Program (NOP) publication, Guidance Seeds, Annual Seedlings, and Planting Stock in Organic Crop Production (NOP 5029).

24. Hopwood, Jennifer, Aimee Code, Mace Vaughan, David Biddinger, Matthew Shepherd, Scott Hoffman Black, Eric Lee-Mäder and Celeste Mazzacano. “How Neonicotinoids Can  Kill Bees The Science Behind the Role These Insecticides
Play in Harming Bees.” The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation. The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, 2016: p. 45. Web. 23 Sept. 2017.

The Pollinator Stewardship Council, here, the Pesticide Action Network of North America, here, the Center for Food Safety, here and here and Earthjustice, here, are all, like the Xerces Society, doing critical work for pollinators and the threats posed to them by neonicotinoids.

25. Once the season is over, where is the soil from these poisoned hanging baskets going? Are ever-thrifty gardeners dumping it into their gardens? Placing it in the compost pile? Saving it for re-use with which to re-pot an indoor plant? Using it to pot up a treasured perennial to gift to another gardener?

How much neonic-poisoned soil and dead plant matter has entered the ecosystem of our individual backyards, gardens and neighborhoods (and public parks, gardens, nature centers, and playgrounds), year-after-year, over the last 10-12 years, just from neonic-coated seeds, neonic spraying and soil dousing of ornamental plants alone, plant treatments about which we gardeners knew nothing?!

Gardening organically now appears to be the only safe option.

26. Honey bees make propolis (“bee glue”), a sticky, antifungal, antibacterial substance used to seal cracks in the hive, from, among other things, the resin from conifers. With the Christmas tree industry now using neonics on its December products, it opens up yet another avenue for contamination of the honey bee hive by neonics.

27. Read about the June, 2013 killing of 50,000 bumble bees in Oregon after foliar spraying of trees with a neonic: Scientists Call for an End to Cosmetic Insecticide Use After the Largest Bumble Bee Poisoning on Record.

28. Kegley, Susan, PhD, Tiffany Finck-Haynes and Lisa Archer. “Gardeners Beware 2016 Bee-Toxic Pesticides Found in “Bee-Friendly” Plants Sold at Garden Centers Across the U.S..” Friends of the Earth U.S. Friends of the Earth, August 2016: p. 17. Web. 10 September 2017.

29. Ibid, p. 17.

30. NOFA-NY: I am currently looking into the meaning of ‘certified organic’ plants  & seeds, as defined by the USDA National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) and, additionally, if there are any NYS regs. which may apply to the labeling and sale of ‘organic’ plants and seeds sold in NYS. The Northeast Organic Farming Association of New York (NOFA-NY) is the place to go to for questions like this. (And please consider joining!)

Here is, by the way, NOFA-NY’s 2014 Policy Resolution on Neonicotinoids.

New York farmers may also join the NOFA-NY Farmer’s Pledge program. “The Farmer’s Pledge™, [is] a separate and distinct program from USDA Certified Organic … A Farmer’s Pledge certificate displayed at a farm market stand shows customers a farmer’s commitment to responsible growing and a willingness to be transparent to their community. It shows that a farmer takes an environmentally responsible, ecologically sound, holistic approach to farming. This is a wonderful program for farms transitioning to certified organic, small start up farms, and farms that are already certified organic.

Certified Naturally Grown: Would purchasing ‘Certified Naturally Grown’ (CNG) seedlings and plants provide a 100% guarantee that pollinators won’t be harmed from neonics? I don’t know. It needs looking into.

More and more small family farms, which value organic principles but which can’t afford the time and expense of USDA National Organic Program (NOP) certification, are choosing ‘CNG‘ as an option. Here is CNG’s FAQ.

You should read the Cornucopia Institute’s NOP exposé, to understand the threats to small farms: The Organic Watergate—White Paper Connecting the Dots: Corporate Influence at the USDA’s National Organic Program.

How does the USDA NOSB ‘certified organic‘ differ from the NOFA-NY Farmer’s Pledge™ differ from Certified Naturally Organic (CNG)? We have now reached the point of absolute confusion for your average consumer and gardener in NYS, including me. I cannot clarify this for you, because it appears very murky. Until I understand the difference, I am sticking to purchasing plants and seeds which are ‘certified organic.’

31. Before there was (almost) anybody, there was Johnny’s Selected Seeds; many of us relied upon Johnny’s! There are, thankfully!, many more companies selling organic, non-GMO seeds. As I uncover reputablecertified organic‘ seed company lists, I will post them here:

Here is NOFA-NY’s list of sources for organic seed.

Here is Beyond Pesticide’s list of Companies That Grow and Distribute Organic Seeds, cited at the Friends of the Earth website.

Here is The Skinny on Seeds and Seedlings from Certified Naturally Grown (CNG).

The Pollinator Stewardship Council has wildflower seeds for sale here as well as pollinator “houses”.

Here are two seed company recommendations from the Xerces Society: Ernst Conservation Seed Company. “Ernst is one of the largest native grass and wildflower seed producers in eastern North America…” and Pollinator Conservation Seed Mixes.

I love this SmallFootprintFamily’s The Ten best Seed Companies for Heirloom and Non-GMO Seeds. For example, this blogpost alerts us that, “Seeds of Change was acquired by the Mars company…” (Be sure to scan the comments!)

For your information, Dr. Phil Howard at Michigan State University, has been keeping track of seed industry structure and the consolidations which have occurred between 1996-2013. Please view his other Info Graphics, as well, especially his “Organic [Food] Industry Structure” Info Graphic.

32. Co-op Member-Owners, please read Fedco Seeds’ founder CR Lawn’s Fall 2003 article, Where Have All the Co-ops Gone?, about the demise of US consumer co-operative food distributors (wholesalers) and consolidations with United Natural Foods, Inc. (UNFI). 14 years later, where have all the (retail) co-ops gone?

33. Tallamy, Douglas W. “Gardening for Life.” Web. 24 September 2017.


This blogpost is referenced at EcoBeneficial!

GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! “GMOS REVEALED” video series: free viewing this weekend!


Posted by Laura Hagen, HWFC Member-Owner

GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! is a blog dedicated to American independently-owned, Member-Owned & operated, community food co-ops, their Member-Owners and families.


UPDATE September 16, 2017: Visit the Albany County, NY Hilltowns on a self-guided Farms & Artisan Tour, Saturday and Sunday, September 16-17. Support our local farm families, many of whom are organic or on their way to organic!

Dear fellow HWFC Member-Owners, fellow US food co-op Member-Owners, and those who value and cherish organic food for your family!

Longtime since I posted: life… …and the gardening season… …drew my energy elsewhere! That said, here is really, really important  information for your family.

Please watch the nine-part video series “GMOS REVEALED,” spearheaded by the team of Dr. Patrick Gentempo, Dr. Beau Pierce, and film-maker Jeff Hays (Bought, Doctored, Undoctored). The series has already run once – FOR FREE – starting on 08/22/17. It was announced on the LIVE Q&A Session, two nights ago, that GMOS REVEALED will be running again – FOR FREE – starting this weekend (09/09/17). It has already had more than 1 million views worldwide. Please go here, GMOS REVEALED, provide your email, and you should get updates re. the next FREE viewing dates/time.

The GMOS REVEALED team decided to repeat the free viewing, given that so many families in Texas were unable to watch it, due to the hurricane.

This FREE viewing is time limited; it will end on Sunday, September 10th at midnight EST. Again, go to:


Please do an internet search on the term “GMOS REVEALED” to read reviews about the series.

The GMOs REVEALED website states:

“What are they not telling us?

FACT: Glyphosate, the chemical originally developed to de-scale 
pipes, boilers and metals, is now used to KILL plants. What’s 
more, it is found in 75% of processed foods.

Global Leaders in the fields of medicine, law, agriculture and 
politics share their unique expertise as they explain the 
complex relationship between bacteria, soil, and your body.

GMOs ARE POISON. People and animals that eat genetically modified 
food crops are consuming high levels of toxic glyphosate 
herbicide. There is an unholy marriage of toxic Glyphosate 
herbicide and foods genetically engineered to tolerate 
large doses of it. It’s silently poisoning our land, food, and US!

FACT: The National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy 
estimates that 85% of U.S. corn is genetically modified. Other 
widely modified crops include canola oil, alfalfa and sugar beets.

FACT: GMOs are banned in 27 countries. Also, in 61 countries 
foods must be labeled as being genetically modified - but not in 
the U.S.

Discover how Big Agriculture and companies like Monsanto have 
drastically influenced agriculture in America, leading to 
corrupt, inhumane and toxic farming practices.”

American Families Need to Stop Buying Foods Produced with GMOS and the Toxic Chemicals Glyphosate, Roundup, and the Class of Pesticides Known as Neonicotinoids

This series (~23 hours) was so phenomenally informative – with explosive new information – to my own family’s understanding of our food supply, hidden GMOs (and “genetic splicing,” “gene editing,” and “genetic silencing”), Glyphosate, Roundup Ready GMOs, neonicotinoids (neonics) and the active and ongoing threat to US honey bees and all pollinators from those neonics – that I am going to formally ask HWFC to buy a copy of the series for viewing by any and all HWFC Member-Owners.

I encourage you to ask your local library to also purchase a copy of GMOS REVEALED. We need to get this info out to more families in our own area.

  • Be sure to listen to the interview with Mark Kastel of The Cornucopia Institute, which provides “economic justice for family scale farming.” The Cornucopia Institute is, specifically, an organic industry watchdog organization; I learned a lot from this interview.

We, as food co-op Member-Owners, cannot remain ignorant of the facts presented in this series, given that our business is food …and that we present ourselves as a locally-owned food co-op which actively supports local, organic, bio-dynamic, and sustainable farmers and farm products, and that our policies, as of the January 29, 2017 Membership Meeting, address the GMO issue in our Food and Product Manual, which says, in part:

HWFC shall require that our suppliers, including distributors, be required to disclose any information that they know about the GMO content for the product we are purchasing.”

After viewing this series, you need to find out which of the food & plants which Honest Weight Food Co-op is selling:

  • are genetically-modified?
  • have Roundup or Glypohosate in them?
  • include wheat, oats, barley, edible dry beans, or sunflowers: which, in the US, are routinely sprayed with Glyphosate as a pre-harvest dessicant? Lentils, peas, non-GMO soybeans, corn, flax, rye, triticale, buckwheat, millet, canola, sugar beets and potatoes which are likely sprayed with Glyphosate as a pre-harvest dessicant?
  • have neonicotinoids (neonics) in them: neonics are now being used to coat many of the the seeds which farmers buy
  • are not labeled as being genetically-modified and/or as having Roundup, Glyphosate and/or neonics in them?
  • include ingredients or “sub-ingredients” which themselves likely (or do) contain GMOs, Roundup Ready GMOs, Glyphosate, and/or neonics.
    • There are many, many, many “ingredients” or “sub-ingredients” which may be toxic; please take the time to do your homework.
  • leave you thinking – at checkout – that your purchases are safe from Roundup, Glyphosate, GMOs, and neonics – due to the lack of disclosure on the label?

Which of the food & plants which Honest Weight Food Co-op is selling are:

  • 100% organic, a label which provides the only means we consumers have right now to be (pretty) sure the food & plants we are buying are free of Roundup Ready GMOs, Glyphosate, GMOs, and neonics?

I cannot answer these questions, but each and every one of us Member-Owners needs to ask these questions, quantify the answers for our families, and take a good, hard look at our co-op’s wholesale food supply, especially the inner aisles with their large percentage of processed, packaged, non-organic, “natural” foods.

While We’re on the Subject: What Is “Organic?”

Did you  know there is not one but four separate categories of organic labeling, as authorized by the USDA’s National Organic Standards Board (NOSB)? Yes, four! It’s not enough to just “buy organic!”

You had better learn the differences right now! The USDA NOSB made buying organic food unnecessarily complex and burdensome, especially for busy families:

1. “100 percent organic”

"'100 percent organic' can be used to label any product that 
contains 100 percent organic ingredients (excluding salt and 
water, which are considered natural). Most raw, unprocessed 
farm products can be designated '100 percent organic.' 
Likewise, many value-added farm products that have no added 
ingredients—such as grain flours, rolled oats, etc.—can 
also be labeled '100 percent organic.'"

2.  “Organic”

"'Organic' can be used to label any product that 
contains a minimum of 95 percent organic ingredients 
(excluding salt and water). Up to 5 percent of the 
ingredients may be nonorganic agricultural products 
that are not commercially available as organic and/or 
nonagricultural products that are on the National 

3. “Made with Organic ______”

"'Made with Organic ______' can be used to label a product that 
contains at least 70 percent organically produced ingredients 
(excluding salt and water). There are a number of detailed 
constraints regarding the ingredients that comprise the 
nonorganic portion."

4. "Specific Ingredient Listings"

"The specific organic ingredients may be listed in the ingredient 
statement of products containing less than 70 percent organic 
contents—for example, 'Ingredients: water, barley, beans, organic 
tomatoes, salt.'”

We do know now – from the above definitions – that “nonorganic ingredients’ are allowed in foods labeled as “organic.” Exactly which “nonorganic” ingredients are allowed in foods with the three label designations, which are not “100 percent organic?

At the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service NOSB website, I drilled down to the regulations governing “processed products,” which is what you and I would find on the shelves of our food co-op, and which would end up in our shopping cart. (I did not review the regulations governing synthetic and nonsynthetic substances allowed/prohibited in organic crop and/or livestock production.)

Here is the USDA NOSB’s National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances, which gives you the information about “processed products.” There are two regulations which govern “processed products:”

Here is §205.605, which governs “Nonagricultural (nonorganic) substances allowed as ingredients in or on processed products labeled as ‘organic’ or ‘made with organic (specified ingredients or food group(s)).'”

Here is §205.606, which governs “Nonorganically produced agricultural products allowed as ingredients in or on processed products labeled as ‘organic.'”

There are a whole lot of ingredients allowed in organic foods which are suspect and which I would not chose to eat!

To my mind, there is so much wiggle room here – which could allow for Roundup Ready, genetically modified organisms in organic food – that I am not going to comment until I contact the Cornucopia Institute, US Right to Know, the Organic Consumers Association, Food and Water Watch, Food Democracy Now!, and others, for clarification.

However, begin your own research. See the Food Democracy Now! and The Detox Project report: Glyphosate: Unsafe On Any Plate Food Testing Results and Scientific Reasons for Concern. Perhaps this report will provide data on GMO/Glyphosate levels being found in organic foods. (In fact, it does, to a limited degree.)

My bottom line: buy “100 percent organic,” 100% of the time, and buy locally-made; support our local, organic farmers! It seems to offer the consumer the safest protection from GMOs, Roundup and Glyphosate.

The “Dark Act” Is In Play: We Have Been Denied The Right To Know

The passage of The Dark Act (“Deny Americans the Right to Know”) or the Roberts-Stabenow Compromise last summer (2016), has given the food industry virtual carte blanche in including Roundup Ready GMOs and GMOs in our (non-organic) food supply and they do not have to disclose that fact on food labels. This is in effect right now; if you are buying non-organic foods, that food could have Roundup Ready GMOs in it…

…and you would not even know it.

The label, on which we are accustomed to reading the “List of Ingredients” to help us make wise food purchase decisions, has been hijacked…


…and, in part, silenced.

Imagine that: a label which does not tell you what’s in the product! Isn’t that the purpose of a list of ingredients on a label: to tell you what’s in it?

Secret, unknown ingredients – Roundup Ready GMOs, Glyphosate – are now being included in our food and we have no way of finding out which foods they are in!

Please go to the Organic Consumers Association (OCA) website to update yourself on this travesty which is now harming American families: Tell Congress: Repeal the DARK Act! According to this OCA article:

How did corporations convince Congress to ignore the will of more than 90 percent of Americans? The Big Food companies that both sell a lot of GMOs but also have bought up influential organic brands, convinced leaders of the Organic Trade Association (OTA) to do their bidding.

The leaders of this coup were Smuckers, Danone, UNFI, General Mills, and Organic Valley.

Smuckers and UNFI have long held seats on the OTA board, while Danone is represented by recent acquisitions Earthbound Farm and WhiteWave. It’s easy to see why Danone, General Mills, Smuckers and UNFI would oppose labels, given how many GMOs they sell. But why did Organic Valley play along? Because of its business relationships with Danone and General Mills.”

UNFI, or United Natural Foods, Inc., is the primary wholesaler for Whole Foods (now owned by Amazon). It is also the primary wholesaler for HWFC, and many other large, independently-owned, US food co-ops, through their contracts with National Co+op Grocers (NCG).


The information in GMOS REVEALED is crucial to your family’s health. Take the time and listen to the well-known physicians & researchers this weekend!!

Do you know, positively, that the food, plants, and water which you buy for your family are all free of Glyphosate, Roundup, Roundup Ready GMOs, and neonicotinoids?

Do you know what these chemicals do to your own health? The health of your children?

Better find out.


  • 4% of the entire US population had chronic diseases in the 1960s. In 2017, 46% of just US children (pediatrics) now have a chronic disease by the age of 12.
  • 1 in 40 children in the US today have been diagnosed with autism. That stat, in the 1960s, was 1 in 10,000 children.
  • Did that statistic sink in? 1 child in 40 in the US today today is diagnosed with autism. Estimates are – if nothing is done – by approximately 2040 1 in 2 US children will have autism.
  • A doctor has positively correlated the rise in certain auto-immune diseases in the U.S. (diabetes is one example, autism and ADHD are others) with the introduction of genetically-modified foods into the food supply in 1996.
  • Doctors revealed that glyphosate bio-accumulates in your own body, every single time you ingest it. This poison also – at the same time – harms your own body’s ability to detox it out.
  • US wheat, oats, barley, edible dry beans and sunflowers are routinely sprayed with Glyphosate as a pre-harvest dessicant. Lentils, peas, non-GMO soybeans, corn, flax, rye, triticale, buckwheat, millet, canola, sugar beets and potatoes which are likely sprayed with Glyphosate as a pre-harvest dessicant.
    • This use of Glyphosate as a dessicant has nothing to do with – and is a separate issue from – the use of Glyphosate or Roundup in GMOs.
  • There is NO REQUIREMENT for the food, agri-business and agri-chemical industries to disclose the presence of Glyphosate / Roundup / Roundup Ready GMOs / neonics in any non-organic food your family eats. Organic foods are not supposed to have these chemicals in them, per USDA NOSB regulations.
  • LABELS DO NOT TELL YOU if Roundup, Glyphosate, Roundup Ready GMOs, GMO ingredients and/or neonics are present in that food. The lack of this data on the food label DOES NOT MEAN THE FOOD IS FREE OF THESE SUBSTANCES.
  • VIRTUALLY ALL sugar beets grown in the US today are treated with neonicotinoids (“neonics,” which are implicated in Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) and killing honey bees) and are GM, Roundup Ready. White sugar is just one of the products made from sugar beets; 54% of domestically-produced white sugar comes from sugar beets.
    • MSG / processed free glutamic acid is often produced by growing GM bacteria on a sugar beet medium.
  • VIRTUALLY ALL (non-organic) corn and soy seed in the US today is treated with neonics.
  • VIRTUALLY ALL (non-organic) corn and soy grown in the US today is also GM, Roundup Ready.
  • Corn products or derivatives are pervasive in our food supply (see here, here, and especially here and here) and other common household products, as well (see here.) Go and check the labels of the processed, packaged food you buy, to confirm this!
    • Examples of just some of the food products made from corn are: high fructose corn syrup, cornstarch, some ascorbic acids (vitamin C) and some vitamin Es, vitamin fillers, cellulose, baking powder, citrate, citric acid, Xylitol, Sorbitol, corn meal, Maltrodextrin, Dextrose, Ethanol, HVP, flavoring, Malic Acid, Malt, Malt flavoring, modified food starch, MSG/processed free glutamic acid, Xanthan Gum.
  • Corn and soy are among the top feed used for livestock. The chemicals they ingest – the Roundup Ready GMOS, Glyphosate and neonics in (non-organic) corn and soy feed- are ingested by you in the eggs, chicken, turkey, beef and pork, and so on, which you eat.
  • Scientists are now asking the question: does Genetically-Modified, Roundup Ready food alter the genetic make-up of humans and our diverse gut bacteria? Do you even understand the ramifications of that possibility? You’re not alone, most of us don’t either. It is very, very serious.

Please go to GMOS REVEALED, and plan to give as much time as you can this weekend to viewing it. Your family, our honey bees and pollinators – and our food co-op – deserve it!

And please support local, organic farm families with your food dollars. They are protecting our soil, water, food and pollinators.

I will do my part and ask HWFC to purchase this series, for use by any and all HWFC Member-Owner families.


© Laura Hagen


The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt.

John Philpot Curran


GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL!: Hidden ‘excitotoxin’ MSG aka ‘processed free glutamic acid.’


Posted by Laura Hagen, HWFC Member-Owner

GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! is a blog dedicated to American independently-owned, Member-Owned & operated, community food co-ops, their Member-Owners and families.


ACTION ITEM REMINDER: There is a Board meeting tomorrow night, March 21, 2017 at HWFC beginning at 6:30pm, not the customary 6:00pm. See you there!

Happy Spring!!


Today, I have time for – uncharacteristic for GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL!a brief post.

Yesterday, the Co-op Voice published another article of mine entitled, MSG and Deceptive Labeling: The Hidden Toxic Chemical in Your Family’s Food-Part 1. Please hop over and read it – it’s carefully researched – and all the other informative, useful and interesting articles from our own co-op community contained in the March edition of our co-op’s Voice. Part 2 will be published by the Co-op Voice in April, and Part 3 in May, so you’ll have to ‘hold yer horses’ on the information about MSG being used both in and on organically-labeled foods. (!!)

You can also see my September 15, 2016 blogpost about MSG: GRASSROOTS ACTION: “They Added WHAT To My Food?! No, dude!” No. 1: GMOs, MSG & Senomyx. In this post, I rolled out my brand new series They Added WHAT To My Food?! No Dude! and in it you’ll get a serious introduction to MSG – a hidden ‘flavor enhancer’ being added to processed foods – which many scientists, doctors and family food advocates feel is extremely harmful to our health – and a company named Senomyx, and its ever-expanding line of artificial flavors.

…just doin’ my small part to get and keep our organic food supply healthy, safe, nutrient-dense, delicious and local!

In a somewhat related story, Mike Adams, the ‘Health Ranger’ of Natural News, has been following the recently-announced ‘partnership’ of Hollywood actor Robert De Niro and environmental activist and attorney Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., who are working together to promote vaccine safety and reform. Yesterday, Natural News posted its story, ACTION: “National Call-In Day” announced for vaccine safety and reform: March 30th, asking families to call in to their elected representatives and the President on March 30, 2017, in a national push to raise awareness and promote vaccine safety and reform.

Robert De Niro made public last year that he has an adult son with autism and Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. has edited a book about vaccines, Thimerosal: Let the Science Speak: The Evidence Supporting the Immediate Removal of Mercury–a Known Neurotoxin–from Vaccines. Kennedy, a Democrat, was recently appointed by Republican President Donald Trump to chair a brand new vaccination safety commission.

More on this extremely interesting and important story in an upcoming post.

Truth in Labeling Campaign (the truth, the whole truth  and nothing but the truth about MSG) co-founder, Jack Samuels, wrote a June 2002 article entitled The Danger of MSG and How It Is Hidden In Vaccines. Sadly, Jack Samuels passed away in 2012 but his wife Adrienne continues the couple’s work at the non-profit Truth in Labeling Campaign. His article outlines some of the facts relating to the (hidden and often not-disclosed) MSG used in vaccines.

I saw no mention of MSG in any of the (notably scarce) national media articles and video clips about this particular vaccine issue and partnership. It will be interesting to see if MSG – that is, monosodium glutamate or ‘processed free glutamic acid’ – enters the national debate as being one of a number of chemicals used in vaccines of which families are unaware and about which they continue to remain in the dark.

Parents are being urged to do their own research into this issue and stay fully informed as advocates for their children. I would heartily agree …and the same goes for any and all adults, as well!

This post is dedicated to a person dear to my life, “C,” who has an adult son with autism.

© Laura Hagen


The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt.

John Philpot Curran


GRASSROOTS ACTION: “My Food Comes From WHERE?! Oh, there!” No. 2: Who Owns Organic


Posted by Laura Hagen, HWFC Member-Owner

GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! is a blog dedicated to American independently-owned, Member-Owned & operated, community food co-ops, their Member-Owners and families.


REMINDER: Our HWFC quarterly Membership Meeting is tomorrow, Sunday, January 29, 2017 at the First Unitarian Universalist Society of Albany (FUUSA), 405 Washington Avenue, in Albany, NY:

5:30-6:00 pm Dessert Potluck, 6:00-8:00 pm meeting.

From 5:00-6:00 pm, music will be provided by Albany’s own, awesome duo Alan Thomson on piano, and me, Laura Hagen, on the family of recorders! Please come enjoy some live music with your dessert! Guaranteed some 17th-18th c. English Country Dance tune hits (see here if you want to actually dance these elegant dances – to live music – right here, once a month, at FUUSA!) …and other 21st c. musical surprises, as well!

Here is the HWFC Membership Meeting Notice.

We will be voting upon our proposed Food & Product Manual (and please see here for the current Food & Product Manual).


our proposed new Member-Owner Manual.

See you tomorrow night!


       Before I commence this blogpost, let me let you know that I have an article published in the December, 2016 HWFC Co-op Voice entitled Indiana Food Co-op Closes Storefronts: Cooperative Movement, Take Notice! This article, about Bloomingfoods Food Co-op in Bloomington, Indiana, [1] uncovers a process being used to systematically remove and eliminate the legal power & control held by the Member-Owners of a US independently-owned, community food co-operative. It is dedicated to indy author and fellow food co-op Member-Owner Mimi Yahn. [2]

And, BTW, welcome new readers who came over here to GRASSROOTS ACTION! by way of the Co-op Voice! Please feel free to leave a comment or question, below!


       Holy-moly it’s been three months since I last posted! My new responsibilities as co-chair of an HWFC Committee …Halloween …getting the garden ready for winter …national elections …Thanksgiving …Solstice …Chanukah …Christmas—

—(with a lovely Frasier fir which we cut and a concert with the new Mountain Snow and Mistletoe Orchestra (boy, do we miss Chris Shaw & Bridget Ball and their annual Mountain Snow and Mistletoe Concert, but love the new band, too! I mean what’s not to love about John Kirk, Kevin McKrell and Brian Melick? Listen here!)—

—a nasty sinus infection—

—(ok, long story short(er): I discovered a way to get rid of my sinus infection without the neti pot, eucalyptus steaming, tons of fluids & vitamin C, lots of moaning, and the inevitable and dreaded antibiotics.

It’s called kimchi.

Turns out there are a few intrepid researchers out there researching the “good” bacteria we are supposed to have in our sinuses; they are busy developing a nasal spray with the needed beneficial bacteria. Just like many of us are missing bunches of “good” bacteria in our guts, those of us who get sinus infections are missing certain “good” bacteria in our sinus cavities/biomes (Did you even know you had a sinus biome? Well, you do!)

By the way, let me interject here: any information you read in these blogposts is intended as consumer information only and not meant to take the place of consultation with or advice from your doctors or health care practicioners.

I was led to kimchi by the work of a fellow blogger, Mara Silgailis over at Lacto Bacto  Health, Microbes and More. Turns out we are missing Lactobacillus sakei (L. sakei) – the same bacteria used to ferment sake, BTW… …and also present in kimchi – and if you introduce this missing bacteria into your “sinus biome,” you may get relief. Go ahead, google L. sakei, sinusitus and kimchi. Up pops Ms. Silgailis’s website and her family’s sinusitis story. (See this article about the original 2012 UCSF study and the original study. See also here, here, and listen here, too.)

So, I had dear husband run over to our food co-op, the Honest Weight Food Co-op – at 9:30pm, what a saint – and purchase one of the recommended kimchis. I began my own, personal n=1 experiment. (And just to be crystal clear: I am not suggesting that you should actually go out and try this experiment on yourself.)

After delicate insertion of some of the live, fermented kimchi liquid (which I had placed in a separate, small bowl) into each nostril (using a Q-tip) (I’m so sorry, but those of you who suffer with cranky sinuses understand and, no, simply eating kimchi does NOT work!), I had relief within three hours. Three hours later my sinuses were crystal clear!!!


All because I am missing L. sakei in the sinuses?

Repeating the process 2-3 times a day for a week or so took care of the problem. Good-bye sinusitis forever!

How does this work?

According to all the research, scientific and anecdotal reports I read, by introducing L. sakei into the sinus microbiome, you are restoring order and balance. “Bad” bacteria, which had proliferated and become dominant, are not killed off, but their numbers are reduced and they go back to being just “part of the symbiotic crowd” of the microbiome community.

As a woodwind player and musician, understand that I need my breathing system functioning at top notch, especially when holiday performances approach. For me, this is a miracle! Mara Silgailis, my family here at GRASSROOTS ACTION! thanks your family at Lacto Bacto! And, thank you for blogging your family’s story so that other families may benefit.

Go have fun! Learn. Research. Read-up over at Lacto Bacto  Health, Microbes and More (article updated as of December 2016; and, I highly recommend reading all Reader Comments at Lacto Bacto, as well). The absolute wonders of healthy microbiomes, good bacteria, scobys, ferments, probiotics, nasal biome researchers, and a little ol’ bacterium called L. sakei! (Please go read about another little ol’ bacterium: H. pylori. Stomach ulcers are becoming a thing of the past; sinusitis may join those ranks. See [3].)

However, please, proceed at your own risk and run this by your own doctor, first!

I agree with Dr. Chris Kresser, who states in his article, Chronic Sinus Problems: Another Role for Probiotics?:

Of course I can’t recommend or endorse these procedures, because they haven’t been tested for safety or efficacy. It would seem that the risk is relatively low, but it’s at least possible that some of the other microbes in kimchi or other oral probiotics may not be beneficial for the sinus microbiome. We’re really just starting to scratch the surface in this area of research, and there’s still a lot that we don’t understand. So if you decide to perform these experiments at home, proceed at your own risk!)—

—New Year’s (what fun at Saratoga’s First Night) and First Night dinner with family and friends at a Saratoga pub—

—(Ladies, I saw Richard Gere in Saratoga last year, eating dinner, I kid you not!!!

Hey, just how ever did we get from Christmas music, pub fare, and sinus infections…

…to the stunning Richard Gere?

Well, he was voted the world’s sexiest man alive in 1999 by People Magazine and just how often do you get to say you were in the same room with one of the world’s most sexy men???

He graduated from North Syracuse Central High School and he owns a B&B, the Bedford Post Inn down in Westchester, so I guess Saratoga’s not too much of a leap, just upriver a ways from his B&B.

Richard Gere simply radiates charm and stunning good looks and, I confess, I couldn’t take my eyes off of him… …except when I glanced at dear husband, and my family and friends sitting around me, which brought me back to my very happy, contented, and loved reality. Hollywood’s a world I am very glad to not be a part of; give me my upstate NY community of family, friends, musicians and food co-op families, colleagues, buddies & neighbors any day…

…but – just for your information – he passed right by our table on his way out, and he looked down and smiled! What a smile!

And, of course, there is a musician to thank in this story: thank you forever, Roy Orbison!)—

—and a brand new year with brand new hopes and dreams and promises and great things yet to come!


For me, this will be the year for discovering more about gut bacteria, biomes, “good” bacteria, and making your own ferments. I’ll share with you as I learn! What a journey this will prove to be!

Which brings me to today’s blog topic:

My Food Comes From WHERE?! Oh, there! No. 2: Who Owns Organic

       Today, I want to introduce you to a fantastic tool for figuring out which companies own which organic food brands. The tool is an Infographic called Who Owns Organic. It has been designed by Dr. Philip H. Howard, an Associate Professor in the Department of Community Sustainability at Michigan State University, who teaches about the US food system and sustainability. Here is Dr. Howard’s homepage.

Remember, I first introduced you to the Cornucopia Institute in the very first blog in this brand new series, started in June 2016, called GRASSROOTS ACTION: “My Food Comes From WHERE?! Oh, there!” No. 1: The Cornucopia Institute. The Cornucopia Institute “Promotes Economic Justice for Family Scale Farming.” [4]

Dr. Howard’s Infographic, “Who Owns Organic”, available at the Cornucopoia Institute’s website, will help you figure out which BIG Food and/or BIG Organic companies own which (natural and/or) organic food [5] products you are buying. Who Owns Organic tracks sales, distribution and mergers within the US (natural and) organic [5] processing / wholesale network.

A regularly-updated version of “Who Owns Organic” aka Organic Processing Industry: Acquisitions & Alliances, Top 100 Food Processors in North America, is also available directly on Dr. Howard’s homepage, updated as of November, 2016. (Here is a printable PDF.) [6]

He also quantifies which organic processors / brands have remained independent (as of January 2011: you will have to do further research to update through 2017): see Organic Industry Structure: Major Independents and Their Subsidiary Brands (scroll down).

Dr. Howard also has data (through 2008) of mergers and acquisitions among the US wholesale co-operative distribution network: see: Organic Industry Structure: Cooperative Distributors, 1982-2008.

Urgent info for us food co-op Member-Owners, no? It will answer your questions as to which co-operative companies are wholesaling (natural and) organic [5] food to US food co-operatives, like HWFC.

Dr. Howard has provided information about the major corporate, wholesale distributors of (natural and) organic [5] foodstuffs to grocery stores, including US food co-ops: see Organic Industry Structure: Major Organic/Natural Foods Distributors, 2008.

He has quantified information (as of 2007) about the organic “Private Label Brands”, which are increasingly being produced for large supermarkets, wholesale clubs & grocery stores. For example, “Field Day” is a Private Label Brand produced by United Natural Foods, Inc. (UNFI) and provided to US small natural food stores and food co-ops.

Want to know about (organic & non-organic) bread in the US? Dr. Howard has information about Wheat and Bread in North American. There are only three bread firms in North America, which own all the well-known bread brands: Bimbo Bakeries, Flowers Food and Campbell Soup Co.!

(I leave for another blogpost, a discussion about Dr. Howard’s Infographic Global Seed Industry Structure. You will instantly notice the frightening fact that chemical companies, worldwide, are buying up seed companies. His infographic, Cross-licensing Agreements for Genetically Engineered Seed Traits, should instantly send a shock wave through you: “The ‘Big 6’ have entered into a number of agreements to share patented, genetically engineered seed traits with each other, such as herbicide tolerance and expression of insecticidal toxins.”)


       Dr. Howard alerts us:

The development of the USDA National Organic Standard in place of differing state/regional standards [first draft released in 1997] was widely predicted to accelerate trends of increasing consolidation in this sector.”

His warning appears to hold true:

  • Find out how many wholesale co-operatives are left in the US out of the 28 there were in 1982:
    • The reduction in numbers will stun you; there is only one (1) left.
  • What is the name of the one remaining organic co-operative wholesaler?
  • Find out who the main US wholesalers/distributors of processed (natural and) organic [5] foods are:
    • As of 2008, there were only four distributors listed:
      • Haddon House
      • Tree of Life
      • KEHE
      • United Natural Foods, Inc. (UNFI).
    • How many are left today, nine years later in 2017?
    • Is this beginning to look to you like monopoly-like behavior?
  • Find out which BIG Food corporations own and distribute your favorite organic foods which you buy at Honest Weight Food Co-op or your own local food co-op.
  • Did you realize just how many of your favorite organic products are produced by BIG Food corporations?
  • Did your realize how many of your favorite small, independent or family-owned organic brands are no longer independent or family-owned?
  • Just what are all these giant organic mergers and acquisitions doing to small, local, family-owned organic farms and organic producers?
  • Begin to assess just how many processed organic foods your family may be consuming:
    • Do you really want to place your food budget dollars with all of these processed organic food products?
    • Do you really want to support BIG Food corporations and their organic lines… …or, rather, support local & regional organic farm families and organic producers – who are our neighbors – and who are dedicating their lives to providing us with truly organic, truly healthy, sustainable organic foods?


       Yes, if you haven’t already figured it out, many of those well-known “organic” brands you see on the shelves of our food co-op are owned by one or another BIG Food corporation. Dr. Howard’s Who Owns Organic infographic makes that crystal clear.

Some of the more well-known BIG Food corporations (how many are transnational food conglomerates?) referenced on Who Owns Organic are:

  • Coco-Cola
  • Pepsi
  • ConAgra
  • Tyson
  • Campbell Soup, Co.
  • General Mills
  • Kellogg
  • M & M Mars
  • Hershey Foods
  • J.M. Smucker
  • Danone (Dannon)
  • Nestlé
  • Miller-Coors
  • Hormel

The organic products which BIG Food corporations produce do not – as an industry-wide practice – state the name of the parent corporation on the processed organic foods’ labels; that information is kept hidden. You’ll need Dr. Howard’s Who Owns Organic in order to figure that out.

My September 15, 2016 blogpost, GRASSROOTS ACTION: “They Added WHAT To My Food?! No Dude!” No. 1: GMOs, MSG & Senomyx includes a story about Muir Glen Organic Pasta Sauce and its deceptive labeling, here. Turns out, General Mills owns and markets Muir Glen, one of its “organic” lines. That fact is not stated on the label; however, I quickly found it out by using Dr. Howard’s Who Owns Organic.

In addition, organic industry wholesale processors & distributors utilize a very clever PR & Marketing ploy: they pair the terms natural and organic. They hope to pull the wool over our eyes and convince us that “natural” = “organic.”

Investigative reporter Jon Rappoport, in his March 13, 2013 blogpost Can You Trust Whole Foods?, alerted us to this scam being used by Whole Foods Market (Nasdaq: WFM) and United Natural Foods, Inc. (Nasdaq: UNFI). UNFI is the same wholesaler used by many US independent, Member-Owned food co-ops, through their membership in National Co-op Grocers or NCG).

Quoting from a January 27, 2011 article by Ronnie Cummins of the Organic Consumers Association, The Organic Elite Surrenders to Monsanto: What Now?, he writes:

“ ‘Retail stores like WFM and wholesale distributors like UNFI have failed to educate their customers about the qualitative difference between natural and certified organic, conveniently glossing over the fact that nearly all of the processed ‘natural’ foods and products they sell contain GMOs, or else come from a ‘natural’ supply chain where animals are force-fed GMO grains in factory farms or Confined Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)…

…Whole Foods and UNFI are maximizing their profits by selling quasi-natural products at premium organic prices. Organic consumers are increasingly left without certified organic choices while genuine organic farmers and ranchers continue to lose market share to ‘natural’ imposters…'”

It is for this very reason, in this blogpost, I will not willingly pair the terms (natural and) organic. (See [5].) [7]

Many of these same BIG Food corporations supported the passage of the Dark Act: see this Organic Consumers Association article, Organic Traitors Team Up with Monsanto and GMA on DARK Act, here and the Health Ranger’s Natural News article, Organic Food Industry Divided After Organic Trade Association BETRAYS Labeling Movement By Signing Off on Sham GMO-labeling Bill, here.

The BIG Food industry giants have each created their own niche product lines of (natural and) organic [5] foods. Created, that is, or simply bought out – “acquired” – many of the independent “organic” brands, we used to know and love.

Well, we may still know and love them… …but do we know that some new, BIG Food corporation now owns them and they sure aren’t “independent” or “family-owned” anymore?

Over the years, many, many independent organic brands have been bought out. They may retain the same name, same label, similar marketing. But, there is a different corporate owner …and, perhaps, new & different ingredients? (Hadn’t you better go and check ingredient labels? Right now? Go read this post, GRASSROOTS ACTION: “They Added WHAT To My Food?! No Dude!” No. 1: GMOs, MSG & Senomyx, here, in its entirety.)

(Natural and) organic: [5] that’s where the money is, and BIG Food knows we’ll pay more for it. So, they have all developed their own (natural and) organic [5] product lines/subsidiaries and have all developed cool, colorful, catchy-sounding, catch-your-eye packaging & labels, so as to catch more of our families’ food dollars.

Dr. Howard’s infographic, Who Owns Organic, as well as his other cutting-edge data & graphics, will instantly give you answers to some of your questions about the corporate ownership of US foods labeled as organic.


       The serious questions which bear reflection by US food co-op Member-Owners are these: have our US food co-op aisles been silently, quietly & quite colorfully infiltrated and “co-opted” by BIG Food and BIG Organic, with their (natural and) organic [5] product lines?

Are we comfortable supporting these BIG Food and BIG Organic corporations, some of which heavily supported the passage of the Dark Act as members of the Organic Trade Association (OTA) and/or the Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA)?

Is there a way to, instead, throw more of our support and food budget dollars to local & regional organic farmers, farm families and organic food producers & distributors?

Please study Dr. Howard’s Organic Industry Structure: Cooperative Distributors, 1982-2008. Can you determine exactly how, between 1982 – 2008, 27 wholesale food co-operatives disappeared?

Buy-outs? Mergers? Acquisitions? Out-of business? Hostile corporate take-overs?

This article, Food Co-ops, Food Hubs, and Food Democracy: An Interview with John Curl, may help answer that question: see part I and part II.

What took the place of these 27 US wholesale food co-operatives? This July 7, 2009 Organic Consumers Association article, The Organic Monopoly and the Myth of “Natural” Foods: How Industry Giants Are Undermining the Organic Movement, will help answer that question. And, this February 27, 2013 Truthout article, Our Food Is Being Hijacked by Monopolizing Corporations, will clarify the trend in monopolies in the (natural and) organic [5] food industry.

As an aside: doesn’t it trouble you that (natural and) organic [5] foods are now routinely referred to as an “industry?” What happened to “co-operative self-reliant,” “small is beautiful,” family farms, and regional distribution of regional foodstuffs? You are encouraged to read the October 5, 2016 – New York Times Magazine Food Issue Can Big Food Change?

This May 18, 2012 article by The Cornucopia Institute, The Organic Watergate: Advocates Condemn Corruption and USDA’s Cozy Relationship with Corporate Agribusinesses in Organics, highlights a White Paper by Cornucopia entitled,  The Organic Watergate — White Paper Connecting the Dots: Corporate Influence at the USDA’s National Organic Program. The Report details how “…the USDA’s blatant disregard for the requirements laid out in the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (OFPA), and the intent of Congress, is illegal and has inappropriately favored corporate agribusiness over the interests of ethical businesses, farmers and consumers.” (pp. 2-3).

Finally, given that Dr. Howard’s data shows that the number of US wholesale food co-operative distributors fell from 28 to 1 (as of 2008), and (as of 2008) there were only 4 national wholesale distributors of (natural and) organic [5] foods, is it possible that the same reduction/buy-out/takeover process is underway at US independently-owned, retail food co-operatives?

Given the threats which Member-Owners at many, many US, community retail food co-ops are experiencing (see Mimi Yahn’s two articles and a Letter to the Editor [Losing our Principles, Searching for Democracy at the Putney Co-op, and Still Searching for Democracy at the Putney Co-op]; Indiana Food Co-Op Closes Storefronts: Cooperative Movement, Take Notice! and previous posts on this GRASSROOTS ACTION! blog; and Take Back the Co-op and National Stories at Take Back the Co-op), is there a possibility that our US independently-owned, community, retail food co-operatives could be the target of a systematic (and stealth) takeover? Is that as far-fetched as it seems?

Are US community, independently-owned, Member & Family-Owned and operated retail food co-ops – like wholesale food co-ops – going the way of the dodo bird?

Or (what seems more likely, given the billions of dollars and market share retail food co-ops represent), rather than facing extinction:

  • just like the merger & acquisition of 27 wholesale food co-operatives;
  • just like BIG Food’s acquisition of many of the “independent” and “family-owned” (natural and) organic [5] product brands we know and love;

could many US retail food co-operatives have:

  • retained the same names;
  • retained the same types of (natural and) organic [5] foodstuffs on the shelves;
  • maintained the same kind of marketing…

…but (silently) acquired a different corporate structure?

…a corporate structure which has eliminated the legal power & control of the Member-Owners & local families and, thereby, the local community, and leaves behind the shell of a community food co-op…

…that is, a community food co-op in name only.

Are US food co-ops… …being co-opted?

Are the truly authentic, US community food co-ops – owned and run by community families, co-opertively – the target of a systematic (stealth) takeover?


       In the October 5, 2016 New York Times Magazine Food Issue Can Big Food Change?, a term coined, I believe, by Michael Pollan in his article, Why Did the Obamas Fail to Take on Corporate Agriculture?, caught my attention. He uses the term “Little Food;” something we independently-owned, community food co-ops know a little something about!

Pollan’s definition of BIG Food: “If you leave us alone and pay no attention to how we do it, we can produce vast amounts of acceptable food incredibly cheaply.

Little Food, on the other hand, is explained by Pollan as such: “That vulnerability [of BIG Food] is the conscience of the American eater, who in the past decade or so has taken a keen interest in the question of where our food comes from, how it is produced and the impact of our everyday food choices on the land, on the hands that feed us, on the animals we eat and, increasingly, on the climate. Though still a minority, the eaters who care about these questions have come to distrust Big Food and reject what it is selling. Looking for options better aligned with their values, they have created, purchase by purchase, a $50 billion alternative food economy, comprising organic food, local food and artisanal food. Call it Little Food. And while it is still tiny in comparison with Big Food, it is nevertheless the fastest-growing sector of the food economy.” [emphasis added]

A most interesting question for me – as a Member-Owner of a food co-op – is: what percentage of our yearly sales comes from Little Food: that is, “organic food, local food and artisanal food?” I would further want to tease out what percentage is minimally-processed and comes specifically from local (defined as within 250 miles) organic farmers & organic artisanal food producers.

In my opinion, a food co-op’s five-year Strategic Plan should have, as its number one goal, a plan to dramatically increase the percentage of Little Food which it buys & sells.

For example, browsing the awesome collection of local, regional & artisanal cheeses our food co-op, the Honest Weight Food Co-op, sells, is enough to convince me that this is why community-owned food co-ops need to exist and need to continue to thrive in our hometowns! There is a clear two-way street in full operation here, between organic customers (us) and the local & regional organic farmers and families who produce these cheeses!

Michael Pollan’s Little Food, is one of the sources of the strength & power of local, community-owned, Member-Owned and run food co-ops. We should be shouting this from the rooftops!

Dr. Howard’s New Book: Concentration and Power in the Food System: Who Controls What We EAT?

       Published in February, 2016, Dr. Howard has a new book out called Concentration and Power in the Food System: Who Controls What We Eat? London: Bloomsbury Academic (February 25, 2016). This book is well worth the purchase!

If you read Dr. Howard’s new book, report back here at GRASSROOTS ACTION and tell us what you have learned! I am poised to read it, myself.

It will be interesting to see if his book covers US independently-owned, local food co-operatives.

Thank goodness there are dedicated professors like Dr. Howard researching & quantifying this data and making it clear and easily understandable, so we can track just what is going on with (natural and) organic [5] foods here in the US. Please make Dr. Howard’s website a part of your favorite websites and archive his Infographic, Who Owns Organic on your Smartphone, to use as you shop the aisles of your favorite US food co-op.

Dr. Howard has provided us with data so that we can pierce the corporate ownership & marketing veils and find out exactly who is selling (natural and) organic [5] foods to us. We then have a better chance of finding out what, exactly, is really in the food we eat. We can then make the rational & decided choice to place our family food dollars with those BIG Food corporations… …or not.

Dr. Howard is helping us to work at keeping our organic food supply truly local, truly sustainable, and truly healthy for our families. His work will help strengthen the ties between US food co-op families and the local & regional organic farm families & organic producers who dedicate their lives to providing us with truly organic food.

Every food dollar you place in an organic farm family’s pocket – through purchases at your local food co-op – goes towards strengthening our connection to healthy, high-quality, regional food: a critical need for any family! Spend wisely.

Dr. Howard’s data may convince you, too, of the vital need to keep our food local. Thank you Dr. Howard! His Infographic, Who Owns Organic was sure an eye-opener for me. I think it will be for you, too.


[1] This Co-op Voice article is a condensed version of my June 14, 2016 blogpost, GRASSROOTS ACTION: Indiana Food Co-op Closes Storefronts. HWFC Forewarned-Reducing Overhead Critical. The December article, however, has some updated information which you will want to read.

[2] Please see Ms. Yahn’s two articles and a Letter to the Editor: Losing our Principles, Searching for Democracy at the Putney Co-op, and Still Searching for Democracy at the Putney Co-op. Ms. Yahn reveals disturbing threats to her food co-op’s democratic principles and its bylaws, and a wider pattern of “corporatization” at many other American, local, independently-owned food co-ops.

Please note that there are brand new Letters to the Editor and/or Comments concerning Ms. Yahn’s articles, posted more than 1 1/2 years after these articles were first published! There has been so much new action that The Commons Online added a brand new sidebar to direct the reader to the new Letters and/or Comments!

I urge you to go and read them.

See, in particular, the September 21, 2016 Letter to the Editor, “We help co-ops, not weaken them,” in the VT Digger, from the co-founder of CDS Consulting Co-op, Marilyn Scholl, in response to Ms. Yahn’s February, 11 2015 Letter, and the lively commentary, below Ms. Yahn’s February 4, 2015 article, provided in response to CDSCC Marilyn Scholl’s September, 2016 Comment, by co-op Member-Owner KJ Jacobson, at The Commons Online, here (scroll down, below the article to “Leave a Reply.”)

BTW, the Comments by KJ Jacobson were posted just 28 days ago.

One wonders: what prompted CDSCC’s co-founder, Marilyn Scholl, to respond – in September, 2016 – to articles Ms. Yahn had published almost two years previous?

It is, perhaps, noteworthy that on October 5th and 6th, 2016, two weeks after the publishing of her Letter in the VT Digger, CDS Consulting Co-op’s Marilyn Scholl shared the podium with National Co-op Grocers’ (NCG) C.E. Pugh – at two Town Meetings held by La Montañita Food Co-op in Albuquerque, NM; please see my October 6, 2016 blogpost, GRASSROOTS ACTION and La Montañita Member-Owners ARE POWERFUL! La Montañita  Member-Owners have been waging a battle to gain back Member-Owner control of their food co-op; see their website, Take Back the Co-op. According to accounts on the Take Back the Co-op website, CDS Consulting Co-op has also had a significant presence at La Montañita for at least the last three years.

While you are over at Take Back the Co-op, read the Letter which Mimi Yahn sent to the Member-Owners of La Montañitahere and the Letter which the Board of the Honest Weight Food Co-op sent, as well, here.

[3] It’s of great scientific interest to note that one of the two Australian scientists who discovered that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori, a bacterium) plays a role in the development of gastritis and peptic ulcers, Dr. Marshall, intentionally infected himself with the bacterium to prove the scientists’ hypothesis:

In 1985, for example, Marshall underwent gastric biopsy to prove he didn’t carry the bacterium, then deliberately infected himself to show that it caused acute gastric illness. (See the October 3, 2005 article in The Scientist, H. pylori researchers win Nobel by Stephen Pincock.)

Drs. Barry J. Marshall and J. Robin Warren were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2005 for their research and discovery.

Read the April 8, 2010 interview with Dr. Warren by Pamela Weintraub entitled, The Dr. Who Drank Infectious Broth, Gave Himself an Ulcer, and Solved a Medical Mystery.

[4]  One of the Cornucopia Institute’s Board members, Kevin Engelbert, owns Engelbert Farms (here is their FB page), the first certified organic dairy farm in the US, certified in 1984. Engelbert Farms produces organic milk, veal, beef, pork, pasture, hay, corn, soybeans, and vegetables and is located in our own state, in Nichols, NY, just west of Binghamton.

[5] I will not willingly pair the words “natural” and “organic.” This is a marketing trick of BIG Food and BIG Organic; by pairing these two words, we, ourselves, are seduced into believing that they are equivalent. They are not. In the US, foods allowed to be labeled as “organic” have a specific statutory and regulatory meaning; that is, we have certain, guaranteed consumer protections. The term “natural” on a label, however, is virtually meaningless, offering none of the consumer protections afforded by the term “organic.”

By cleverly pairing these two terms in their marketing, BIG Food and BIG Organic corporations hope to pull the wool over our eyes and convince us that “natural” = “organic.” This is, however, a very clever and deliberate PR & Marketing ploy.

“Natural” does not = “organic.” Caveat emptor.

[6] The reader is encouraged to also view this infographic in a July 14, 2014 article by Michael Snyder entitled Big Corporations Have An OVERWHELMING Amount Of Power Over Our Food Supply, located at The Economic Collapse Blog.

[7] See Jon Rappoport’s other articles about Whole Foods Market (Nasdaq: WFM) and/or United Natural Foods, Inc. (Nasdaq: UNFI):

March 11, 2013: What’s behind Whole Foods’ Decision to Label GMOs in their Stores?

October 14, 2013: Co-exist with Monsanto or Destroy it? Follow the Organic Money

February 25, 2014: Top shareholders in Whole Foods and Monsanto: Identical

December 23, 2014: Whole Foods Sued for False Non-GMO Labeling

© Laura Hagen


The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt.

John Philpot Curran

GRASSROOTS ACTION: “They Added WHAT To My Food?! No, dude!” No. 1: GMOs, MSG & Senomyx


Posted by Laura Hagen, HWFC Member-Owner.

GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! is a blog dedicated to American independently-owned, Member-Owned & operated, community food co-ops, their Member-Owners and families.


UPDATE: MARCH 19, 2017: See my newest article at the Co-op  Voice, published today, entitled: MSG and Deceptive Labeling: The Hidden Toxic Chemical in Your Family’s Food-Part 1.


Next blogpost will highlight the awesome work of the Member Owners of LA Montañita Food Co-op in Albuquerque, New Mexico who are taking back their co-op… …just like we at the Honest Weight Food Co-op in Albany, New York are doing!!! Some Member-Owners of La Montañita are readers of this GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL blog; their work is truly awesome and I look forward to sharing that news with you.

Here is their September 6, 2016 Press Release.



See the latest edition of the HWFC Co-op Voice, here.


       Thank you to my many loyal GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! readers who urged me to get back to blogging! And hello to RP, who is a brand new GRASSROOTS reader from HWFC …who has a special interest in protecting herself from MSG.

After more than a two month hiatus in blogging, GRASSROOTS is back! This blogpost is the first- Number 1 –  in the promised series of  They Added WHAT To My Food?! No, dude!, the companion series to My Food Comes From WHERE?! Oh, there which was posted on June 12, 2016.

And, of course, all information provided by this blog is intended solely for consumer educational purposes only and is not intended to offer medical advice, nor substitute for professional diagnosis or treatment of any disease or condition by your doctors and health care providers. Discuss any information with your doctors and health care providers, first.

So, without further ado the first installment of:

They Added WHAT To My Food?! No, dude!

       You’ll note my last three blogposts were following Congressional voting on THE DARK ACT here, here, and here.

It passed. It is law. Done deal.

Blogging ceased for a while as this darkness descended. The blog went cold.

It is a dark day for those of us in the U.S. who value and who need high-quality, organic, safe, locally-produced, non-GMO food for our families.

BIG FOOD and BIG ORGANIC won this round. They get to further taint and poison our food supply …and now we will be eating GMOs and not even know it.

Were we protected by the largest national organic trade association: the industry’s lobbying arm? Nope. The Organic Consumers Association is calling the Organic Trade Association the Organic Traitors Association for its support of The Dark Act.

A walk down the aisles of our food co-op with the list of members of the Organic Trade Association will reveal just how many “organic” corporations went over to the dark side.

Ethical moment: do you  want to give your family’s hard-earned food dollars to any of these “organic” corporations?

Consider boycotting members of the Organic Trade Association – don’t buy their food – and ask your food co-op to immediately drop out of the Organic Trade Association if it’s a member, as well. And make sure you tell the OTA why.

Food co-op Member-Owners, are United Natural Foods, Inc. (UNFI) and National Co-op Grocers (NCG) members of the Organic Trade Association? Don’t you think you’d better find out?

Read this U.S. Right to Know series of articles about GMOs, here, here and here and do a search on GMOs at the Organic Consumers Association, here.


GMOs will start showing up everywhere.

Will it be safe now to eat out at a restaurant?


Will  it be safe to buy food that is non-organic?


Will eating dinner over at a friend’s home have to be politely declined …or prefaced with a question-list of the foods the host or hostess is using to prepare dinner?

Yup. Unless you (politely) simply act the good guest and eat the GMOs and be done with it.

Will the labels on “natural” and “organic” foods tell you more about what’s in your food so you can make wise and safe choices for your family?


Will brightly colored boxes of cool-looking “natural” food – you know those enticing packages of crackers & cereal & cookies & soy or wheat protein products – screaming statements of health and vitality – offer a guarantee of non-GMO safety for our children, our families?


Will your children be exposed to GMOs in the lunch food they buy at school?


Ditto: play dates, Boy Scouts & Girl Scouts, summer camp, after school events, sports events…

Will buying food at a U.S. locally-owned food co-operative guarantee safe and GMO-free food?


THE DARK ACT gives BIG FOOD and BIG ORGANIC carte blanche with labeling. Merriam-Webster defines carte blanche as “permission to do something in any way you choose to do it.” That’s the permission Congress gave to BIG FOOD and BIG ORGANIC…

…and we consumers and our families now have virtually no way to defend against GMOs entering our bodies, harming our biomes, killing (or mutating the genes of …this is the really scary part) our own symbiotic bacteria, harming our immune systems, putting glyphosate (Round-Up) in circulation (in our soil, in our food supply, in our water supply, and in our bodies – a lot like the “pink” in The Cat in the Hat) and causing autoimmune disease and cancer rates to further skyrocket in the U.S.

If you continue to eat any  (non-organic) wheat products whatsoever (bread, bagels, cookies, pasta, cereal, crackers… ), you are likely ingesting Round-Up:

Unbeknownst to most consumers is the fact that just before harvest, a vast majority of conventional wheat grown in the U.S. is doused in Roundup herbicide [as a desiccant], which ends up poisoning your favorite breads, cereals, cakes, and pastries. … The latest U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) figures show that, as of 2012, 99 percent of durum wheat, 97 percent of spring wheat, and 61 percent of winter wheat is doused in herbicides prior to harvest. [1]

And those who are vegetarians and vegans? Given the high percentage of processed vegetarian products and non-meat proteins which are made from processed (non-organic, GMO) soy and processed (non-organic, GMO) wheat, the only choice to make is to either eat 100% organic …or abandon being a vegetarian or vegan.

Let’s not even talk about the effect upon our seed supply…

They can now – legally – hide GMOs in our food supply and they don’t even have to tell us.


       The whole point of the DARK ACT was to keep the name “GMO” off of the packaging & list of ingredients of food products. GMOs are present – or they might be present – (there’s the kicker) – you  just won’t know it from reading the label.

But if you are among the lucky who own a Smartphone, you can find out – have the secret revealed to you. How? Have the Smartphone read the “QR code” printed on the label: that square, black & white, boxy, squiggly thing.

There will also be 1-800 numbers and websites …but none of this is required to even kick in for the next two years! Notice the information about the presence of GMOs has been handily separated & divorced from the actual food product, itself.

So, you have to own a Smartphone (a huge percentage of seniors, people with disabilities and low-income Americans do not own Smartphones) and have access to the Internet (a huge percentage of senior, disabled, rural and low-income Americans do not have access to the Internet). Furthermore, does the store or co-op you are shopping in have Internet …and what if the the connection is spotty throughout the store ..and what if your battery is about to die …and what if you forgot our Smartphone in the car…

And who the devil is going to have time to stop and check every single QR code for every single item we buy while we are busy shopping??

Can you just see a busy Mom or Dad with two kids, juggling the shopping cart after work, as well as the Smartphone …as s/he dutifully tries to read QR codes in a busy foodstore or food co-op aisle?

It almost appears that this DARK ACT / QR Code system of checking our food supply was designed to fail, doesn’t it? Fail consumers, that is.

It certainly does not fail the needs of BIG FOOD, BIG ORGANIC or BIG AG.

It is well-known among IT people that QR codes can be hacked, so will we even be able to trust what the QR codes reveal if we can get in and through the above labyrinth successfully? And, did they tell us that accessing the QR code could place Malware directly into our Smartphones …i.e. you could damage your Smartphone and need the paid services of a computer technician to repair the damage …if it can be repaired?

So we are supposed to use our $500 Smartphones to access their data  – about the stuff they put into their food product  – and risk our Smartphones in the process?


Does this seem a lot to you like Alice in Wonderland down-the-rabbit-hole?

And just what are you supposed to do if you are one of those millions of American  who lives on a low or fixed income, who is a senior, who lives in a rural location, or who has a disability …and who does not own a Smartphone or have Internet (estimated to be 1/3 of the population)?

Doesn’t it seem like whole classes of people got left out in the “consumer protections” offered in the DARK ACT?

What should they do? Grin and bear it? Stop shopping for food? Or simply eat the stuff…

What Dark Act supporters do not reveal is that the Dark Act lacks any enforcement mechanisms or any penalties for violations, making the labeling clauses (effectively) voluntary. And, there is a two-year time period allowed for implementation. So, in the next two years, there will GMOs in your food, with nothing on the labels  …and absolutely nothing at the other end of that Smartphone, 1-800 number or website….


       The alert and aware organic food consumer and co-op Member-Owner knows that the modern function of food labels is to allow BIG FOOD and BIG ORGANIC to be able to successfully hide what is in the “natural” and “organic” food they are selling  to us.

“Revealing” is not the primary goal of a food label anymore.

Add the DARK ACT’s QR Codes – a work-around to actually placing the word GMO directly onto the food product packaging itself – to that long list of deceptive labeling …i.e. ways to hide the cheaply produced chemicals, invisible additives, flavor enhancers, preservatives, food coloring, inferior food, old food and – let’s call a spade a spade – poisons, which are added to the food we buy for our families.

You need to become a detective to uncover the invisible ingredients which modern “natural” and “organic” food labels cleverly obscure.


       We all know that MSG no longer appears as an ingredientt in food because BIG FOOD and BIG ORGANIC know that we know that MSG is “bad.” That is, we consumers got wise! Therefore, we began carefully reading labels and avoided purchasing food with “MSG” listed as an ingredient.

MSG is a neuro-toxin or an excitotoxin, a class of chemicals / chemical messengers, which excite brain cells into such frenetic activity that they can die. It is classified as a “flavor enhancer,” which means BIG FOOD and BIG ORGANIC can use cheaper, inferior ingredients and the MSG “fools” your brain into perceiving more taste / flavor. MSG also instantly creates food cravings when it hits your mouth and, eventually, your gut: sending instant messages to your brain to desire more of the product. You will want to eat/buy more of that food product – not because it is healthy and your system needs it – but because they know how to chemically create craving (and addiction) in a human mouth/digestive/brain system.

How handy for the bottom line of your favorite BIG FOOD or BIG ORGANIC food corporation: a proven way to sell more product!

Because there were enough alert consumers – who stopped buying foods labeled as containing MSG – they deep-sixed using the term “MSG.” Gone. Erased. Vanished.

They did not, however, stop using MSG in food.

They devised a work-around. They devised a method to add MSG to processed food – which they are under no obligation to disclose to you – by including it as a component of an ingredient, which require no disclosure on the label (in other words, the MSG remains hidden to the consumer). BTW, MSG should properly be referred to as ‘processed free glutamic acid.’ The term ‘MSG,’ in the US, refers specifically to the chemical which is 99% pure; most processed food manufacturers utilize MSG at less than 99% purity, so they cannot call it MSG. MSG, or monosodium glutamate, was developed in 1908 and patented by the Ajinomoto company. (Ajinomto currently holds the patent on another excitotoxin, aspartame, and is the world’s largest producer of both aspartame and MSG.)

There is now a list of about 50 food additives which can legally contain processed free glutamic acid, which can be added to the food you buy – and you won’t even ever know about it, unless it makes you subsequently ill. (BTW, its effects are now recognized as possibly being cumulative, and even if you don’t appear to get sick, processed free glutamic acid can still harm you.) See this research, this research, this research, this research, this research, this research, this research, this review of flawed research, which supports MSG’s safety and which was funded by the the International Glutamate Technical Committee, this research, and this brand new, February 2016 research …for starters.

Let me reframe this for you: BIG FOOD and BIG ORGANIC have over 50 different ways to label processed free glutamic acid – without using the term “MSG” – or without having to disclose on the label that there is processed free glutamic acid present.

Only if MSG is 99% purity or greater is an ingredient required to be labeled as MSG.  Any ingredient that has less than 99% MSG purity is labeled something else. [2]

They have developed 50 very effective means of camouflage, especially useful in processed foods labeled as “organic,” where we – especially – don’t expect to find added chemicals and poisonous ingredients. In fact, most of us are even willingly to pay more for that “organic” guarantee.

That list of, roughly, 50 names keeps changing & enlarging; a smart & savvy family simply must stay on top of information about the newest & latest industry additives – and their labels – which are being developed with the purpose of hiding the presence of processed free glutamic acid from consumers.

BIG FOOD and BIG ORGANIC don’t even have to break a sweat with over 50 ways …to leave your lover…

…oops! whoa nelly! – I got carried away there by Paul Simon’s music, for just a second… Sorry. What I meant to type was:

BIG FOOD and BIG ORGANIC have created 50 ways to hide a poisonous chemical in the food you buy: 50 innocent & innocuous-sounding ingredient names, which disarm you into opening your wallet and giving them your hard-earned family food dollars...

Food co-op shoppers, be on the alert for this anonymous MSG, camouflaged in your family’s favorite natural and organic ice cream, soups & stocks, crackers, cookies, chips, pasta sauce, cereals, juices, milk & dairy products, heavy cream, non-dairy drinks, processed soy & wheat protein products… …virtually anything with a label is fair game.


       For decades, I knew to avoid the following – even at my food co-op – because they always contained processed free glutamic acid: soups, soup stocks (including “organic” soups & stocks), gravies, salad dressings, soy sauce, mayonnaise, mustard & catsup, and anything which had in its list of ingredients:

artificial flavoring
organic flavoring, spices, seasonings
natural flavoring, spices, seasonings
bar-b-cue or teriyaki sauce

If these terms are listed in the ingredients I never purchase or eat that food; years of bad experiences taught me that lesson.

If a food label boasts that the food is “MSG free!” it’s pretty much a dead giveaway that it has processed free glutamic acid in it: less than 99% sleight-of-hand in the labeling business covers that base for the industry, and it is one sure way I know to avoid that food.

The practice of industry stating “MSG Free!,” “No MSG,” or “No Added MSG” is illegal if that product actually contains ingredients with glutamate. Unfortunately, the US FDA has a poor track record of enforcement.

In the last decade, many more processed foods – including foods labeled as “organic” – have had hidden processed free glutamic acid added in. Eating out at restaurants has become virtually impossible; shopping (only) the perimeter of our food co-op was our family’s only option.

My family’s solutions …our “work-arounds?”

  1. Stop buying processed food: 100%
  2. Eat organic: 100%
  3. Cook from scratch: 100%
  4. Eat out: hardly ever
  5. Read labels: 100% of the time
  6. Periodically re-research organic food industry MSG labeling practices


       Before you dig into the excellent consumer sites I have researched, familiarize yourself with this cleverly-worded U.S. FDA Q & A about MSG here and this Wikipedia entry about monosodium glutamate. These are two really good examples of what I consider industry-friendly spin & propaganda about MSG. [3]

Leaves you feeling warm & fuzzy about MSG doesn’t it?

This section wouldn’t be complete without hearing the industry spin from The Glutamate Association, “…an association of manufacturers, national marketers, and processed food users of glutamic acid…” Here are The Glutamate Association’s Benefits of MSG. You decide: fact… …or propaganda?

The International Food Information Council Foundation (IFIC) – another influential industry rep – describes the benefits of MSG here in, Monosodium Glutamate (MSG): From A to Umami. Here is the list of the companies from the food, beverage and ag industries which support the work of the IFIC.

Now, onto the consumer & family-friendly sites!

This very reliable American list of hidden sources of processed free glutamic acid and the types of processing which create processed free glutamic acid, is put out by an incredible consumer website, the Truth in Labeling Campaign, their FB Page and their series of very informative blogs about MSG, aspartame, and excitotoxins (Truth in  Labeling Campaign, “the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth about MSG”).

The Truth in Labeling Campaign blogsite states:

…[Truth in Labeling is] a non-profit, all volunteer organization dedicated to the proposition that in the United States of America, every consumer has the right to know what is in or on his/her food, drink, pharmaceuticals, dietary supplements, cosmetics, protein drinks, and vaccines. [4]

The Truth in Labeling Campaign (TLC) is the dedicated work of Jack and Adrienne Samuels, the TLC founders. Thank you, Jack and Adrienne, for your decades of hard work, research & advocacy on our behalf!

Highly recommended are the 2013 books by Adrienne Samuels, The Man Who Sued the FDA and It Wasn’t Alzheimer’s. It Was MSG. Adrienne details her late husband, Jack’s and her powerful crusade to uncover and publicize the toxic effects of MSG. The Samuels’ have, for decades, also: maintained an accurate, up-to-date list of the names of ingredients which contain  hidden MSG; alerted others to the scandalous lack of peer-reviewed research on its effects upon the human body; attempted to compel the FDA to require the labeling of this excitotoxin hidden in processed foods, protein powders & shakes, pharmaceuticals, vitamins & supplements, bodycare products, toothpaste, suncscreen & insect repellents, pet foods, in vaccines, in enteral feeding materials, and some fluids administered intravenously in hospitals (!), and in sprays used on farms on fruits and vegetables… …and pervasively found in the U.S. organic food supply.

This Australian organization, the Food Intolerance Network, has a crystal clear listing of – not 50 – but 129 ways to add MSG (and claim ‘no added MSG’ to fool consumers). This down under list – which I found on Truth in Labeling’s FB page – seems to work just as well here in the states. Somebody took some time in organizing the data, so as to make what is confusing, easy to understand. Thank you to the 10,200 families from Australia and New Zealand who are members of the Food Intolerance Network!

Cross-check the Truth in Labeling and Food Intolerance Network lists with this list from Battling the MSG Myth.

Read author, Debby Anglesey’s MSG story, at Battling the MSG Myth.

Be prepared to be shocked at the long list of additives which contain hidden processed free glutamic acid, as well as the modern food processing techniques which release processed free glutamic acid as a result of that processing.

(For example, perhaps you already knew that the ubiquitous guar gum, xanthan gum, and carrageenan (here, here and here) contain processed free glutamic acid? These ingredients often show up in milk & dairy products… Go ahead, go check the ORGANIC yogurt, heavy cream, sour cream, milk, and ice cream which you buy… Just recently I noticed at our co-op that Organic Valley milk products had eliminated “carrageenan” in their heavy cream and substituted it with “gellan gum.” Both have unknown levels of processed free glutmaic acid in them; however, gellan gum is a term unfamiliar to many people, whereas carrageenan has been receiving bad PR in the news lately. Out with the old (and tainted term), in with the new!

Tara gum and tracaganth gum are newer gums which are now showing up in processed foods. (Breyers ice cream’s use of tara gum is exposed in this consumer blog Breyers Natural Ice Cream and Tara Gum: Unilever’s Response.)

Read this fascinating 2012 Organic Consumers Association article, detailing organic milk industry shenanigans, entitled Stonyfield Farm & Organic Valley Respond to Consumer Concerns About Carrageenan and this June 2016 Cornucopia Institute article Will Carrageenan Remain in Organic Food? Removal of Carcinogenic Substance Uncertain Due to Industry Lobbying.)

According to the Truth in Labeling Campaign, these are the Names of ingredients that always contain processed free glutamic acid (last updated March, 2014):

 Glutamic acid (E 620)2
 Glutamate (E 620)
 Monosodium glutamate (E 621)
 Monopotassium glutamate (E 622)
 Calcium glutamate (E 623)
 Monoammonium glutamate (E 624)
 Magnesium glutamate (E 625)
 Natrium glutamate
 Anything “hydrolyzed”
 Any “hydrolyzed protein”
 Calcium caseinate,  Sodium caseinate
 Yeast extract, Torula yeast
 Yeast food, Yeast nutrient
 Autolyzed yeast
 Textured protein
 Whey protein
 Whey protein concentrate
 Whey protein isolate
 Soy protein
 Soy protein concentrate
 Soy protein isolate
 Anything “protein”
 Anything “protein fortified”
 Soy sauce
 Soy sauce extract
 Anything “enzyme modified”
 Anything containing “enzymes”
 Anything “fermented”
 Anything containing “protease”

(1) Glutamic acid found in unadulterated protein does not cause adverse reactions. To cause adverse reactions, the glutamic acid must have been processed/manufactured or come from protein that has been fermented.

(2) E numbers are used in Europe in place of food additive names.

These are the Names of ingredients that often contain or produce processed free glutamic acid during processing:

 Carrageenan (E 407)
 Bouillon and broth
 Any “flavors” or “flavoring”
 Natural flavor
 Citric acid, Citrate (E 330)
 Anything “ultra-pasteurized”
 Barley malt
 Malted barley
 Brewer’s yeast
 Pectin (E 440)
 Malt extract

The following are ingredients suspected of containing or creating sufficient processed free glutamic acid to serve as MSG-reaction triggers in HIGHLY SENSITIVE people:

 Corn starch
 Corn syrup
 Modified food starch
 Lipolyzed butter fat
 Rice syrup
 Brown rice syrup
 Milk powder
 Reduced fat milk (skim; 1%; 2%)
 most things “low fat” or “no fat”
 anything “enriched”
 anything “vitamin enriched”
 anything “pasteurized”
 Balsamic vinegar
 certain amino acid chelates (Citrate, aspartate, and glutamate are used as chelating agents with mineral supplements.)

The Truth in Labeling Campaign list, above, states:

MSG reactions have been reported from soaps, shampoos, hair conditioners, and cosmetics, where MSG is hidden in ingredients with names that include the words “hydrolyzed,” “amino acids,” and/or “protein.” Most sun block creams and insect repellents also contain MSG… …Binders and fillers for medications, nutrients, and supplements, both prescription and non-prescription, enteral feeding materials, and some fluids administered intravenously in hospitals, may contain MSG.

Truth in Labeling also states:

The term organic offers no protection: “There are a number of ingredients identified as organic that, organic or not, will contain processed free glutamic acid (MSG). Autolyzed yeast, yeast extract, textured soy protein, and anything hydrolyzed are examples of ingredients that may be made from organic produce, but will never-the-less contain MSG…”

And vegetarians and vegans, please do not fall for the Public Relations / Marketing game that has created all the media hype about “umami,” the so-called fifth taste. The Truth in Labeling Campaign states:

Is umami a fifth taste? Ponder the question if you like. But remember as you do so that fifth taste or not, umami is also a clever contrivance/device/public relations effort to draw attention away from the fact that MSG is toxic. [5]


       Several years ago, after eating an “organic,” vegetarian lunch salad at my food co-op, I was almost instantly struck down with MSG poisoning: a highly unusual, shocking reaction. I had carefully read the label and thought I was safe! Which ingredient was it? It was the fake bacon bits, which, it turned out, were listed on the label as “hydrolyzed vegetable protein” (aka “texturized vegetable protein” or TVP), an excitotoxin:

The innocuous sounding “hydrolyzed vegetable protein” is even more dangerous than MSG; it contains three excitotoxins (glutamate, aspartate and cysteic acid) and several known carcinogens. [6]

These days, we eat real bacon, which we process ourselves, a hogbelly which comes from our food co-op, the Honest Weight Food Co-op (HWFC); the source is a local farm in Vermont, which has pastured animals, from farmers we know and trust. (I’ll track down the name  of the farm and post it… …we plan to visit that farm in the near future and thank the family for feeding our family.)


       The ingredients which I, personally, most recently discovered may now contain hidden processed free glutamic acid include non-organic calcium chloride, and/or non-organic citric acid and/or non-organic sea salt.

How did I find this out? Well, for dinner one day, we purchased a bottle of Muir Glen Organic Tomato Basil Pasta Sauce at our co-op – the Honest Weight Food Co-op – after carefully reading the label. There were only three non-organic ingredients listed on the label: calcium chloride, sea salt and citric acid (it is assumed water need not be “organic”).


A bottle of General Mills’ Muir Glen organic pasta sauce with the industry-coveted green, white & brown “USDA Organic” National Organic Program (NOP) Seal

 Here is the list of ingredients of this organic pasta sauce:


Ingredients in this Muir Glen “Organic Pasta Sauce” which are not organic: (water), Sea Salt, Citric Acid, and Calcium Chloride

After ingesting this Muir Glen Organic product – and after recovering from processed free glutamic acid poisoning – I sent Muir Glen, which is owned by General Mills, BTW – an email. [7] A long-delayed response (Sales & Marketing and Product Liability must have agonized over my explicitly clear & accurate questions) from – which, instead of answering my questions about the presence of processed free glutamic acid in either or both the non-organic “calcium chloride” and the non-organic “citric acid” – cheerfully invited me to call their 800 number to discuss my concerns.

Note the absence of any reference to MSG, processed free glutamic acid, or  …an answer:

Dear Valued Consumer:

Thank you for taking the time to contact us. Food quality is a primary focus at our company.

Please call us at 1-866-896-0829 between the hours of 7:30am - 5:30pm CST, Monday - Friday.

We ask that you please have the following information available when you call:

Reference Number: ...

I look forward to hearing from you. As a valued consumer I hope you will continue to use and enjoy our products.


Norma Stone
Consumer Services

Not a thing in there in print from Muir Glen that: a.) gave me the answers I needed or b.) could attach any liability, whatsoever, to this corporation.

In other words: we’ll do our level best to protect our corporation and the devil be damned about your family’s needs.

So, I did my own research. I now know that modern, industrial citric acid is being produced from GMO corn and an end result of its production is the presence of processed free glutamic acid. No, modern, industrial citric acid does not come from grapefruits, lemons or limes. I bet you thought it did, too!

What about the non-organic “calcium chloride?” I thought calcium chloride is the “safer” salt they tell gardeners to use on their icy, winter sidewalks? What in the world is this stuff doing in tomato sauce? I leave it to you, intrepid researcher, to begin your search here and here, with a quote from Wikipedia …as a hint:

The extremely salty taste of calcium chloride is used to flavor pickles while not increasing the food’s sodium content.

So, my alert reader, did you now start wondering if non-organic “sea salt” –  as an added ingredient to organic foods – can legally contain processed free glutamic acid, aka MSG? Better start your research. Sea salt is added to virtually every processed, organic product I looked at.

I only thought of that possibility after I had dashed off my email to General Mills’ Muir Glen.

NEWLY-ADDED INFORMATION: Who knew that there was a “Tomato Sauce Scam?” According to the Food Identity Theft website, the first ingredient on your tomato or pasta sauce label should simply be “tomatoes.” If not, look to see if the product contains

…reconstituted industrial tomato concentrate – tomato paste and added water. Tomato sauce remanufactured from concentrate is a highly processed food that’s cheaper to make and more profitable for companies who are trying to pass off the stuff as the real thing. [8]

The National Consumers League has been watch-dogging the deception in tomato and pasta sauce labeling for years. Read their April 14, 2011 Press Release, NCL calls on FDA to crack down on misleading claims for tomato sauces made from concentrate.

Well, let’s go back and re-examine that Muir Glen organic pasta sauce label. First ingredient, we don’t find “tomatoes” listed, but rather

Tomatoes in Juice∗, Tomato Puree∗ (tomato paste∗, water)…

What does “Tomatoes in Juice∗really mean? Is it just tomatoes? Who knows, I don’t have a clue! But that second ingredient states explicitly that it is tomato paste and water, that is, “reconstituted industrial tomato concentrate.”


Who knew.

All these years of being “Valued Consumers” of Muir Glen, all these years of buying their organic pasta sauce …and we’ve been eating a slurry of reconstituted industrial tomato concentrate.

Can these two products  – “Tomatoes in Juice” and “Tomato Puree” – contain hidden processed free glutamic acid? Who knows? I’d say let’s email Muir Glen and find out …except they are already known for their email non-answers to their “Valued Consumers.”

Now, carefully read what the label says on the back of this “organic” product:


“At Muir Glen we’re all about delicious, wholesome food grown naturally and without synthetic chemicals…”

This label states “At Muir Glen we’re all about … food grown naturally and without synthetic chemicals…

Note, it does not assert: All the ingredients in this organic pasta sauce were grown organically or All the ingredients in this organic pasta sauce were grown without use of synthetic chemicals.

Just what, exactly, does “grown naturally” mean? It simply asserts, vaguely, “At Muir Glen we’re all about” What does “all about” mean? We’re “all about” what, exactly?

And it certainly does not and cannot state that there are no synthetic chemicals added to this product …because there is at least one synthetic chemical added to it: citric acid is manufactured in a lab, it is definitely not organic, it is from a GMO source (!) and it contains processed free glutamic acid.

Just what does this information on the Muir Glen label reveal to you – the “Valued Consumer,” as to the safety of this “organic” processed food and the ingredients contained in it? …about the reasons that it gets to have the coveted USDA National Organic Program (NOP) label? …about those three innocuous-sounding ingredients – citric acid, calcium chloride and sea salt – which are clearly (not) starred as being “organic?”

Nada. Rien. Bubkes.

If this is an example of what’s hidden in foods with the USDA Organic “National Organic Program (NOP) Seal” label (which we consumers pay more money for!), imagine what’s in the non-organic foods which do not have the benefit of the NOP protections!

General Mills’ Muir Glen adroitly danced around the processed free glutamic acid issue. Obscured labeling… …obscured email response… …obscured processed free glutamic acid in so-called organic pasta sauce.

And as to their label’s statement: “We welcome your questions…”? Sure they may welcome your questions. That does not at all mean that they will answer your questions…

…’cause I still don’t know if it was the non-organic citric acid, calcium chloride, sea salt – all three – or some combination thereof, which contain(s) processed free glutamic acid. And now I have the new information about “Tomatoes in Juice∗” and “Tomato Puree∗ (tomato paste∗, water)” – aka “reconstituted industrial tomato concentrate” – to research: just what in the world is in these two processed (“organic?”) ingredients used in Muir Glen’s processed “organic” pasta sauce?

You see how labels have been carefully crafted to not serve the needs of us consumers and families? …to, rather, hide, obfuscate and keep invisible?

I had better start growing my own (organic) tomatoes, canning them, and making my Aunt Dotty’s authentic, family-recipe, tomato sauce which comes directly from her mother’s family in Italy…

BIG ORGANIC corporations, like General Mills’ Muir Glen, which adroitly demonstrate that they care more about hiding their products’ ingredients – by attempting to fool & deceive with both labels and email replies – than about truthfully disclosing those ingredients to their “Valued Consumers…will lose that “industry-coveted” spot in my fridge, on the shelves of my kitchen pantry, and on my dining room table.



       Here is the familiar (and BIG ORGANIC industry-coveted) green, white & brown USDA NOP Seal you see on the labels of U.S. organic foods

       Has General Mills’ Muir Glen breached the firewall of the federally-recognized term “organic”as defined in the USDA National Organic Program (NOP)? Can foods labeled as “organic” contain non-organic citric acid, which contains processed free glutamic acid, an excitotoxin? Can they also contain GMO’s? (For if the citric acid being used in a product labeled as “organic” is sourced from GMO corn, that organically-labeled food now contains a GMO product …which is also an excitotoxin.)

And just what, exactly, is in “reconstituted industrial tomato concentrate?” Does its processing create processed free glutamic acid, and / or is processed free glutamic acid added to this highly processed “organic” ingredient?

As best I can ascertain, many of the material facts which families need are not required to be disclosed on that “consumer-friendly” label, with the green, white & brown NOP Seal, and Muir Glen’s oh-so-carefully spelled-out list of ingredients.

How many other BIG FOOD and BIG ORGANIC corporations follow these same consumer-deceiving labeling practices?

Visit Dr. Philip H. Howard’s infographic, Who Owns OrganicOrganic Industry Structure: Acquisitions & Alliances, Top 100 Food Processors in North America (which has been updated as of July 2016), to understand the magnitude of the problem for US families which value organic food. (See Dr. Howard’s brand new book, published in February 2016, Concentration and Power in the Food System: Who Controls What We Eat?)

How many other processed foods labeled as “organic” contain additives sourced from GMOs …and/or contain processed free glutamic acid?

…and, heaven help us, is sea salt now in that list of additives allowed to have processed free glutamic acid added to it, without disclosure of that fact?

It’s well-known that common table sale contains hidden MSG in the anti-caking agents. But sea salt?

This becomes mind-boggling, especially if you are a Mom or Dad with a child or children who have auto-immune diseases or any sort of disability, or if you, yourself, have chronic health issues, a disability or are highly sensitive to processed free glutamic acid and need to take care when sourcing your food.

Now, I admit, I have not yet studied the federally-designated categories used for labeling organic food. I am quite sure there are tiers and layers… …but why should a family have to study U.S. federal organic regulations on labeling of GMOs, MSG and the National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances in foods labeled “organic,” just to be able to safely purchase the ingredients for that night’s dinner?

~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~

~~~~End result of this story: we are taking our business elsewhere. If Muir Glen does not feel it has to fully disclose ingredients in its products nor answer our questions, we don’t have to buy those products. My family will no longer buy products made by General Mills’ Muir Glen.

We are also considering x’ing off any and all General Mills’ organic products (forget Cascadian Farms and those Paleo-friendly Lärabar fruit & nut bars; General Mills owns ’em both: thank you Dr. Howard for your research, Who Owns Organic.)

We will find a local source of organic tomato sauce at our food co-op, the Honest Weight Food Co-op, HWFC, which does not promote deceptive labeling with theirValued Consumers.” (Thank you to the HWFC Nutrition and Education Committee for being aware of and sensitive to these labeling issues and for beginning work on updating our Food and Product Manual as re. MSG.)

Such nice sounding names, too: Muir GlenSmall Planet Foods …Lärabar with that continental & oh-so-clever-looking umlaut above the a.




       Well, I went and studied the National Organic Program’s National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances for processed products labeled as organic. At first, I could not find citric acid on the “allowed” lists, nor could I find sea salt. I found calcium chloride. Scan §205.605 and §205.606:

§205.605 is the list of “Nonagricultural (nonorganic) substances allowed as ingredients in or on processed products labeled as “organic” or ‘made with organic (specified ingredients or food group(s)).'”

§205.606 is the list of “Nonorganically produced agricultural products allowed as ingredients in or on processed products labeled as ‘organic.'”

Ah ha, correction, I did miss something; I just found citric acid. It wasn’t listed under the “c’s” but under the “a’s”  for acid. It says:

Acids (Alginic; Citric—produced by microbial fermentation of carbohydrate substances; and Lactic).”

It even specifies that the citric acid is “produced by microbial fermentation,” so it is clearly not allowing the natural citric acid, with which we are all familiar, which comes from citrus fruits like grapefruits, lemons, limes, & pineapples. This is the industrial, produced-in-a-lab kind of citric acid.

So, this is the citric acid which contains processed free glutamic acid. And it is allowed in products labeled as organic.

There is a second, allowable use for citric acid, as well, under §205.605:

(b) Synthetics allowed:

Acidified sodium chlorite—Secondary direct antimicrobial food treatment and indirect food contact surface sanitizing. Acidified with citric acid only.

So, in addition to allowing citric acid to be added to organic foods, it can also be used, secondarily, as “direct … food treatment.”

What, exactly, is “direct antimicrobial food treatment?” Is citric acid sprayed on organic foods?  Are organic foods, say vegetables and fruits, washed or soaked in citric acid?

Is that “direct … food treatment” use of citric acid required to be listed on the label? Or are all of our organic foods – our fruits and vegetables – potentially, being treated with citric acid, with no requirement to disclose that fact to consumers?

Now that you’re over there, look at how many ingredients – found on our processed free glutamic acid lists – are also found as “allowed” ingredients in “organic” food!!!



Confirmed: I found carrageenan, xanthan gum and guar gum. There are more ingredients – on  these two USDA NOP lists – which are also found on our lists of ingredients containing processed free glutamic acid!

These are the names of ingredients which likely contain hidden (unknown amounts of) processed free glutamic acid which are allowed to be used in foods labeled as organic, under the USDA National Organic Program or NOP. This list was cross-referenced with available lists of 40+ ingredients which contain hidden processed free glutamic acid:

-Acidified sodium chlorite - Secondary direct antimicrobial food treatment and indirect food contact surface sanitizing. Acidified with citric acid only.
 -Acids (Alginic; Citric - produced by microbial fermentation of carbohydrate substances; and Lactic)
 -Calcium citrate
 -Enzymes - must be derived from edible, nontoxic plants, nonpathogenic fungi, or nonpathogenic bacteria
 -Flavors, nonsynthetic sources only and must not be produced using synthetic solvents and carrier systems or any artificial preservative
 -Gelatin (CAS # 9000-70-8)
 -Gellan gum (CAS # 71010-52-1) - high-acyl form only
 -Gums - water extracted only (Arabic; Guar; Locust bean; and Carob bean)
 -Starches. Cornstarch (native).
 -Whey protein concentrate
 -Xanthan gum
 -Yeast - When used as food or a fermentation agent in products labeled as “organic,” yeast must be organic if its end use is for human consumption; nonorganic yeast may be used when organic yeast is not commercially available. Growth on petrochemical substrate and sulfite waste liquor is prohibited. For smoked yeast, nonsynthetic smoke flavoring process must be documented.

The category of “yeast” is very, very troubling. According to the Truth in Labeling Campaign, it can include (but is not limited to): brewer’s yeast, nutritional yeast, yeast extract and autolyzed yeast. These ingredients are very common in foods labeled organic, especially yeast extract and autolyzed yeast, which  are quite common in vegetarian/vegan plant-based protein sources. In fact, these same plant-based protein sources are highly processed and often  contain multiple sources of hidden MSG.

As for that non-organic sea salt: I couldn’t find it on the federal USDA NOP non-organically produced “allowed” lists anywhere …it shows up everywhere in processed “organic” foods …and we don’t, for a fact, know its source, how it is processed, or if anything is being added to it, like processed free glutamic acid.

Maybe there is some other list where sea salt shows up as safe for human consumption, like the GRAS list (generally regarded as safe)? More research is needed.

Is General Mills’ Muir Glen out of compliance with federal USDA organic labeling standards with this “non-organic sea salt” ingredient?

Somebody needs to send General Mills’ Muir Glen an email…


        I am currently researching the U.S. sugar beet industry because one method of producing MSG is to use sugar beets in a lab as the sub-strata to grow processed free glutamic acid through a process of bacterial fermentation.

According to this article at The Organic and Non-GMO Report website, Sugar beet industry converts to 100% GMO, disallows non-GMO option, 100% of sugar beet production in the U.S. is now genetically modified (one-half of the U.S. supply of table sugar comes from sugar beets):

Three years ago [that would be in 2005], these processors decided to convert the entire US sugar beet production to Roundup Ready genetically modified varieties, developed by Monsanto Company. [9]

According to Mike Adams, the Health Ranger’s (see below for more information) website, in a 2013 article, MSG and aspartame are the two leading causes of central nervous system damage in the United States, by S.D. Wells, Monsanto has a monopoly on sugar beet production. (BTW, PLEASE. DO. READ. THIS. ARTICLE.: MSG and aspartame are the two leading causes of central nervous system damage in the United States.)

And, according to the Truth in Labeling website,

…since 1957, MSG has also been produced using genetically modified bacteria (genetically modified organisms or GMO’s), that secrete glutamic acid through their cell walls. [9a]

So, processed free glutamic acid (MSG) is being created by industrial fermentation, using genetically modified bacteria being fed Round-Up Ready®, genetically-modified sugar beets.

One must assume this fermentation process must be creating an especially potent and toxic chemical!

In fact, according to this Truth in Labeling article, How are monosodium glutamate and the other ingredients that contain MSG manufactured?, it is.

Yet, I could find no reports on the internet of any testing being done on the effects of this brand new chemical MSG brew  – a byproduct of GMO bacteria ‘eating’ GMO Round-Up Ready® food – upon either lab rats …or humans, their central nervous systems, glutamate receptors/systems, their guts & their biomes.

Just what does this stuff do to your own gut bacteria which are a large part of your immune system? I would like to know.

This – the use of GMO Round-Up Ready® sugar beets – may explain why there are thousands and thousands of anecdotal reports on the internet – over the last ten years – of people reacting even more severely to the hidden processed free glutamic acid (MSG) in our food supply.

As I learn more, I will post about this alarming issue.


“To avoid eating foods enriched with free glutamate requires that the consumer is aware and understands all the precursors to MSG, the food processes that generate MSG, and the many different ingredient labels that contain MSG.” [10]

We are going to specifically zero in processed free glutamic acid contained in foods labeled as “organic.”

1. Print out – or archive on your Smartphone – (after all, we won’t need those Smartphones for reading GMO QR codes for at least another two years) these lists of ingredients which contain processed free glutamic acid. Bring with you when you shop and don’t buy any foods which contain any of these ingredients:

Truth in Labeling Campaign Printable Brochure and List updated as of March, 2014

Unblind My Mind

Battling the MSG Myth

MSG Truth

Say No to MSG

Food Intolerance Network (AU, not US, source)

2. Print out – or archive on your Smartphone – the two lists of USDA National Organic Program’s “substances allowed as ingredients in or on processed products labeled as “organic:” §205.605 and §205.606

3. Compare the lists from #1 and #2, above. Don’t buy organic foods which contain any ingredients with processed free glutamic acid in them.


       I already mentioned my favorite, top-notch consumer websites to go to, to find out about, not only GMOs, but MSG – processed free glutamic acid – and how they hide it: Truth in Labeling, their FB Page and blogs about MSG, aspartame, and excitotoxins   (here is Jack Samuels from Truth in Labeling, presenting at a 2008 Weston A. Price Foundation event), Battling the MSG Myth, and a new (to me) list from Australia, the Food Intolerance Network.

Add to this list this incredible Ted-X Santa Cruz Talk by a mom and biochemist, Katherine L. Reid, Ph.D. entitled, Your Ecosystem on MSG. She documents how she began healing her daughter’s autism behaviors by carefully weeding out the processed free glutamic acid in her family’s food.

Could that be read another way? Did the presence of processed free glutamic acid in processed food cause autistic behaviors …and did the removal of processed free glutamic acid return her daughter to health? Go watch the YouTube video of this Mom’s compelling story…

…please take the time right now – it’s only 9 minutes long – and watch Your Ecosystem on MSG.

View a 16 minute, more detailed version, here.

And visit the website of the brand new nonprofit Dr. Reid founded, Unblind My Mind, where “We believe every healing journey begins with a closer look at what we are eating!” Boy, is that right up my alley!

You’ll find Dr. Reid’s blog at Unblind My Mind, here, extremely informative. And here is her list of ingredients containing processed free glutamic acid, which you can cross-check with the lists at the the Truth in Labeling Campaign, Battling the MSG Myth and the Australia Food Intolerance Network.

MSG Truth is another very reputable website founded by former food process engineer and food scientist, Carol Hoernlein. Top notch scientific information! See their list of research about the toxic effects of MSG. MSG Truth also recommends these food & health-related movies to watch: The Beautiful Truth, Food Inc., Fast Food Nation, Sweet Misery, Who Is Killing the Great Chefs of Europe? and Vaxxed. Here is MSG Truth’s FB page, for breaking news’ updates about MSG.

Here is MSG Truth’s list of foods to avoid.

Here is an example of an MSG Truth Alert, from their May 4, 2016 FB page:

I’d like to warn you all about a product called Umamix. It is a blatant attempt to mislead the consumer. The product is basically straight glutamate taken from the sources of glutamate I am always warning you about = seaweed (the food MSG was first isolated from) plus concentrated tomato, mushroom and sea salt. They are trying to sell this as a substitute for MSG, but basically it is MSG without the sodium part. [11]

(So, my suspicions about sea salt were right!!! I will read MSG Truth’s FB page and report back what I learn about innocent-sounding “sea salt.”)

Dr. Russell Blaylock, a board certified neurosurgeon, is an acknowledged expert on issues of MSG, aspartame, and excitoxins. Listen to Mike Adams, the Health Ranger interview Dr. Blaylock on MSG and brain-damaging excitotoxins. (Read the text of that March 14, 2012 interview at Truth in Labeling or at Mike Adams’ Natural News.) Read this article by Dr. Blaylock entitled Aspartame, MSG, Excitotoxins and the Hypothalamus and this interview about aspartame, another excitotoxin. Although it was written in 1996, I would still read his book Excitoxins: The taste That Kills. And, I would check out his newsletter, here.

Did you know they are now spraying processed free glutamic acid on growing crops? [12] Is it allowed to be sprayed on certified organic crops? Truth in Labeling and their FB Page will inform you about “AuxiGro.”

Is MSG included as an ingredient used in those sprays of water all the supermarkets and food co-ops use to keep their produce hydrated? Better find out. You have to keep ahead of industry as an alert, informed consumer of organic food.

Mike Adams, the Health Ranger, who hosts a very reputable website, has a 2012 article / video about MSG in vaccines, entitled “New Health Ranger video exposes the truth about MSG, mercury and formaldehyde in vaccines,” here. He has a very recent article, June 17, 2016, entitled “Gluten-free food FRAUD exposed in new Health Ranger video: They’re loaded with MSG and GMO,” here.

BTW, add the Health Ranger to your list of go-to places:

Mike Adams, “known as the “Health Ranger,” is an outspoken consumer health advocate, award-winning investigative journalist, internet activist and science lab director.

He is the founder and editor of, the internet’s most-trafficked natural health news website. He is also the creator of,,, and several other websites covering natural health topics.

Adams is a prolific writer and has been called “the best health and natural products writer on the scene today.” (by Ronnie Cummins, founder, Organic Consumers Association)

Adams’ new book, Food Forensics, The Hidden Toxins Lurking in Your Food and How You Can Avoid Them for Lifelong Health, just published in July, 2016, appears to be just the ticket for those of us concerned about those invisible, non-labeled ingredients in our food supply, which can harm us. His book promo states:

This book, Food Forensics, is Big Food’s worst nightmare. It exposes the toxic chemicals and heavy metals that Big Food manufacturers are using to POISON you … this breakthrough book is such an important victory for grassroots food consumers (and why Big Food is terrified that this book might succeed…)

Mike Adams has created a website,, which archives scientific articles & studies (the food industry won’t willingly publicize); he has made it extremely easy to search.

See these studies about MSG:

2010 Effect of systemic monosodium glutamate (MSG) on headache and pericranial muscle sensitivity
2008 Association of monosodium glutamate intake with overweight in Chinese adults: the INTERMAP Study
2008 Monosodium glutamate (MSG): a villain and promoter of liver inflammation and dysplasia
1991 MSG and hydrolyzed vegetable protein induced headache: review and case studies

Look what I found when I searched!:
2009 Neuroprotective evaluation of extract of ginger (Zingiber officinale) root in monosodium glutamate-induced toxicity in different brain areas male albino rats
2015 Attenuating effect of Lactobacillus brevis G101 on the MSG symptom complex in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study (Aha, L. brevis, one of those “good” bacteria / probiotics!)
2006 Monosodium glutamate-induced oxidative damage and genotoxicity in the rat: modulatory role of vitamin C, vitamin E and quercetin
2012 Quercetin ameliorates glucose and lipid metabolism and improves antioxidant status in postnatally monosodium glutamate-induced metabolic alterations

Buy this book, Food Forensics! Buy Dr. Philip Howard’s, Concentration and Power in the Food System: Who Controls What We Eat? Buy Adrienne Samuals’ The Man Who Sued the FDA and It Wasn’t Alzheimer’s. It Was MSG.  Don’t forget Dr. Russell Blaylock’s Excitotoxins: The Taste That Kills; an interview with the ‘Health Ranger’ Mike Adams (audio or print); and The Blaylock Report. And while you’re at it, buy Wenohah Hauter’s new book Foodopoly. Ask your food co-op to stock these books on its shelves. Get a food co-op reading group started – discuss together – and bring your information to the Committee which oversees your co-op’s food buying policies and to your Board of Directors.

Knowledge is power. First step: get the knowledge.


       Let’s take a minute and recap. How do the labeling strategies for MSG compare to the brand new labeling strategies for GMOs?

Well, in both cases, BIG ORGANIC is the worst offender – moreso than BIG FOOD – because it grabbed the coveted term “organic,” knowingly added dangerous chemicals to those foods – a fact which it is desperate to hide – and then it slapped on a higher price tag, to boot.

Boy are we suckers, or what? (No, by way of kindness to us, we are honest & trusting people who have been taught to simply believe what we read on food labels):

  • With MSG, their corporate labeling divisions devised a slick strategy of removing the “offending” term “MSG” from food labels and replacing it with (anywhere from 50 -129) terms that serve to keep families in the dark as to the presence of MSG. There is still information on the label – it’s just anonymous, camouflaged, in code.
  • With GMOs and the Dark Act, BIG ORGANIC was complicit in taking the “offending” term, “GMOs” right off of the label! Being anonymous and camouflaged wasn’t good enough …GMOs are outright gone from the label – utterly invisible, in fact, non-existent. Gone. Erased. Vanished. (“Out of Sight, Out of Mind:” is that the name of that particular spin doctor campaign or multi million dollar PR, Marketing and Lobbying Plan?)
  • What’s next? Let’s just get rid of labels entirely, they’re in the way?

So, BIG ORGANIC didn’t work to create more healthy, nutritious organic food; rather, it put its corporate energy into becoming more adept at hiding what it doesn’t want you to know.

So, add GMOs to that list of “since it’s invisible and not listed on the food label / product it must be ok to eat and my family is safe.”


You – my alert, vigilant, they-can’t-pull-the-wool-over-my-eyes family food guardians & watchdogs – are forewarned! What are your family’s “work-arounds” to BIG ORGANIC going to be?


       You now understand that MSG aka processed free glutamic acid is present in virtually all processed foods, including processed organic foods. If we eat these processed products, we are being dosed – daily – with an excitotoxin which – in the tiny amounts present in whole, unprocessed, unadulterated foods – our bodies are designed to process; however, when confronted with the toxic levels of “free,” unbound glutamate (“manufactured free amino acid produced in food and/or chemical manufacturing plants[13]) – ingested cumulatively at breakfast, lunch and dinner – our systems cannot cope.

Alarmingly, data compiled in 2010 by Dr. Adrienne Samuels at Truth in Labeling, informs us that The Young are Particularly at Risk for Brain Damage from Ingestion of MSG. [13]

BIG ORGANIC, especially, needs to be exposed for this practice of secretly including MSG aka processed free glutamic acid in its products labeled as “organic.” It is deceptive and harmful to us, our children and our families. Since they won’t stop… …WE NEED TO STOP BUYING THEIR PRODUCTS.


       While you are over at Truth in Labeling and their FB Page, look up the American bio-tech company, Senomyx …the newest way to introduce chemicals (via taste) into our food supply. Senomyx is busy getting a bunch of patents on human taste. Yes, you read that correctly!

Senomyx seeks patent protection to cover our discoveries, including:

  • Receptors, and nucleic acid sequences encoding receptors, that are involved in taste
  • The use of taste receptors to identify flavor ingredients
  • New compositions and uses of these compositions as flavor ingredients

As of December 31, 2015, Senomyx is the owner or exclusive licensee of 530 issued patents and several hundred pending patent applications in the U.S., Europe, and elsewhere related to proprietary taste science technologies. We intend to continue to pursue comprehensive intellectual property protection for our evolving technologies. [14]

Mike Adams’ website, Natural News, has an article about Senomyx – ‘Secretive’ Chemicals Being Hidden in Food Under ‘Artificial Flavors’ Label – which ominously begins:

You Thought MSG Was Bad? [15]

Check out the Senomyx website here and their “roster of collaborators,” here. Why am I not surprised that the Ajinomoto company – you know, the one which invented MSG back in 1908 – is one of Senomyx’s “collaborators,” as well as PepsiCo, Firmenich and Nestlé.

A 2005 NY Times article by Melanie Warner reveals additional BIG FOOD involvement:

Kraft, Nestlé, Coca-Cola and Campbell Soup have contracted with Senomyx for exclusive rights to use the ingredients in certain types of food and beverages, although the companies declined to identify those categories. [16]

How many of those Senomyx “collaborators” have “natural” and “organic” corporate arms or subsidiaries? How many of those are utilizing Senomyx proprietary products in their “natural and/or “organic” lines? How would you know?

You know what one (just one) of the side effects of these group of chemicals is purported to be? Temporarily shutting down or disabling your body’s innate ability to perceive bitter / poison through taste.


Our human system was designed with an innate alert system to warn us if something we are about to eat could poison us. Lifesaving measure! Senomyx products can possibly disable this in a human body?

Doesn’t this warrant further investigation?

Here ya go: Senomyx’s latest Press Release dated August 31, 2016: SENOMYX ANNOUNCES APPROVAL OF BITTERMYX® BB68 AND SWEETMYX® SR96 FLAVOR INGREDIENTS IN CHINA.

Vegetarians and vegans, I’d be alert – their sights are set on you:

Bittermyx BB68 is used to reduce the bitterness of certain ingredients and can be used to reduce bitter taste associated with hydrolyzed soy and whey proteins… [17]

Hydrolyzed soy and whey proteins are on all the consumer ‘hidden MSG lists’ I consulted. A chemical used to cover the bitter taste of another chemical? Do I have that right?

What about all the “organic” foodstuffs our food co-ops are getting from wholesalers like United Natural Foods, Inc. (NASDAQ: UNFI) , which are sourced from China?

…This regulatory approval allows Senomyx to pursue commercialization of these flavor ingredients in China in a wide range of foods and beverages.  These ingredients are available to flavor houses through Senomyx’s direct sales Complimyx® line and can also be commercialized by two Senomyx collaborators in certain product categories… [17]

After reading this Press Release, are you still going to buy any “organic” foods for your family which are sourced from China?

If this sounds way too sci-fi for you – shades of Robert Heinlein, who would advise it’s time to get off the planet, time to find a new one – just go read what Dr. Mercola has to say about Senomyx here and here, and, as well, the take of Truth in Labeling and their FB Page, and Mike Adams’ Natural News.

And don’t expect to find a lot of information on the Web about Senomyx (NASDAQ: SNMX). There appears to be – what is, in this day and age – a virtual news blackout on the Internet relating to this corporation and its patented products …the corporation which is pursuing “comprehensive intellectual property protection for our evolving technologies.”

One day, will a farmer selling an apple have to pay a fee to this corporation because their patent on the taste of “apple” is owned by them?


       This quote, from Natural News’ ‘Secretive’ Chemicals Being Hidden in Food Under ‘Artificial Flavors’ Label, says it all:

“We are helping companies clean up their labels,” said Kent Snyder, chief executive of Senomyx.

I bet you you thought I was kidding when I said “Revealing” is not the primary goal of a food label anymore.”

Score 1 for the GRASSROOTS ACTION blog!

If you care about “clean food” you’d better get cracking and start researching ’cause this stuff – GMOs, processed free glutamic acid, Senomyx patents – ain’t going away, in fact, it only aims to get worse.

Protect your family.


       The ethical question an alert and informed consumer, family member and food co-op Member-Owner will be compelled to ask is: will I park my family’s food dollars with these “natural” and “organic” corporations which are silently and invisibly putting GMOs, processed free glutamic acid, Senomyx patents, and a host of other additives, preservatives and chemicals into my family’s food?

Buyer beware.

Quite simply, and because you are a Member-Owner of a food co-operative, you will intuitively resonate with these answers:

  1.  Know the source of your food …and stay tightly connected to it.
  2.  Buy local.
  3.  Buy organic.
  4.  Buy fresh.
  5. Eat whole, nutrient-dense foods.
  6.  Support local organic farmers and organic farm families as much as possible.
  7. Don’t buy any foods with more than 5 ingredients. Read ALL labels.
  8. Carry those lists of ingredients containing processed free glutamic acid with you and don’t buy food which contain any of those ingredients.
  9.  Limit or eliminate your purchase of all processed foods: i.e. cook “from scratch.”
  10.  Insist on the fresh produce / meat / cheese which you buy being labelled with its  place or origin (i.e. is the “organic” vegetable from China (non-trusted source) …or is it from a local, truly organic farm 30 miles away?)
  11.  Ask your co-op to develop a policy of doing farm visits: that is, a team of co-op Member-Owners/employees actually conducts regular farm visits to verify the quality of the food.
  12. Grow your own organic foods.
  13. Read the Weston A. Price Foundation website and join WAPF for top-notch food information.
  14. Join NOFA-NY: the Northeast Organic Farmers’ Association.
  15. Finally, get back to being active at your locally-owned food co-operative.
  16. BTW, HWFC Member-Owners, do your research: does the newly-revised, proposed HWFC Food & Product Manual (coming up for a vote very soon) contain adequate language about our buying policies on processed free glutamic acid? …GMOs?


       Honest Weight Food Co-op Member-Owners, attendance at Board meetings has fallen off dramatically! We are not out of the woods by any means. You need to stay active, stay current with what is going on in governance and participate in governance.

For example, do you have any idea what has been going on with current bylaws’ revisions? Do you know that you are going to be asked to vote on new bylaws at the October 23, 2016 Membership Meeting? Are you aware that there are important changes being proposed to our bylaws? Do you know what they are? Do you agree with them? Do you have questions …suggestions?

All the 720 people who showed up at our emergency Special membership Meeting on November 30, 2015 need to get re-involved! A co-operative’s backbone is its Member-Owner participation.

Without our Member-Owners’ participation we will become just another one of those nice, cool, über-hip, friendly, natural foods’ grocery stores …and not remain a vibrant, locally-owned, locally-operated and active, grassroots food co-operative …which is tightly connected to its regional organic farming community.

Seriously, folks, the quality of your food is at stake and HWFC is one place we, as consumers, can effect change and can exert control over buying practices, sourcing and the quality of the food we buy. And we can demand that more local, organic food show up  on our co-op’s shelves and in our bins …and we will be listened to! Why? Because WE are the ones in control of the sourcing & quality of food our co-op buys …all of us, together.

And, seriously, there are some undercurrents at HWFC on our Board which need attention. Member-Owners, you are needed to keep balance, add your energy and viewpoints and contribute your time, effort and reason!

Get back up on the HWFC horse! See you at the next Board meeting, Tuesday, September 20, 2016 at 5:45pm at HWFC.

(NOTE: All information provided by this blog is intended solely for consumer educational purposes only and is not intended to offer medical advice, nor substitute for professional diagnosis or treatment of any disease or condition by your doctors and health care providers. Discuss any information with your doctors and health care providers, first.)

© Laura Hagen


The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt.

John Philpot Curran [18]


[1] Huff, Ethan A. Are you sensitive to gluten, or just Roundup? American wheat often doused with toxic herbicide before harvest. Natural News, December 04, 2014. See:

[2] Reid, Dr. Katherine. Reading Labels: “No MSG Added.” Unblind My Mind blog post, January 21, 2014. See:

See also:

[3] This 2011 article, MSG For You And A Coffin, Too! Ajinomoto Bribes US Dept of Agriculture and University Professors to Sanctify Poisons, by Dr. Betty Martini, details her concerns about a joint research project carried out by a partnership between Ajinomoto, the creator of MSG, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Listen to this 2013 YouTube clip interviewing Dr. Betty Martini on Sanitas Radio – The Truth About Aspartame, MSG, and Excitotoxins – Segment 1, here, and see her website Mission Possible World Health International and her data about MSG, here.

[4] See the Truth in Labeling Campaign blogsite, unknown date. See:

[5] Truth in Labeling Campaign. Umami: the “fifth taste” that MSG-sensitive people can’t taste. Truth in Labeling Campaign webpage, unknown date. See:

[6] Meyers, Ronald L., CNC. EXCITOTOXINS Death by Profit Margin. 2004. See:

[7] Here is the complete text of my email to General Mills’ Muir Glen:

Dear Sir or madam:

     I would be very appreciative if you would answer the following questions for me. We have been longtime customers of your products, particularly because they are organic. My questions pertain to the ingredients in your product “Muir Glen Organic Tomato Basil Pasta Sauce:”

1. Why do you include two products (aside from sea salt) which are NOT organic? Those two products are: citric acid and calcium chloride.

2. Why don’t you include organic citric acid and organic calcium chloride?

3. Do you add any MSG to this product? Do you add any monosodium glutamate to this product?

4. Do any of the individual ingredients used in this product contain MSG or monosodium glutamate?

5. Does this product contain any processed free glutamic acid and/or free glutamic acid?

6. Does the citric acid contain any processed free glutamic acid?

7. Does the calcium chloride contain any processed free glutamic acid?

8. What, if any, is the percentage of processed free glutamic acid in this product?

9. Why do federal organic regulations, as they pertain to food, allow your company to add non-organic citric acid and non-organic calcium chloride to a product labeled as organic?

10. Why does Muir Glen add citric acid and calcium chloride to this product?

11. Would Muir Glen consider making a line of organic tomato sauce which contains no citric acid?

12. Would Muir Glen consider making a line of tomato sauce which contains no calcium chloride?

Thank you for your time. It is my hope that your responses will continue to allow me to purchase your organic products as we have used them for years.


[8] Food Identity Theft website. Tomato Sauce Scam webpage. Food Identity Theft Powered by Citizens for Health, unknown date. See:

[9] The Organic and Non-GMO Report. Sugar Beet Industry Converts to 100% GMO, Disallows Non-GMO Option, June 2008. See:

[9a] Truth in Labeling Campaign. What is MSG?  Truth in Labeling Campaign webpage, unknown date. See:

[10] Reid, Dr. Katherine. Reading Labels: “No MSG Added.” Unblind My Mind blog post, January 21, 2014. See:

[11] Hoernlein, Carol. MSG Truth Facebook Page post. May 4, 2016. See:

[12] Fassa, Paul. MSG Now Used to Spray Crops. Natural News, April 29, 2009. See:

[13] Samuels, Adrienne, Ph.D. The Young are Particularly at Risk for Brain Damage from Ingestion of MSG: Data. Truth in Labeling website, accessed September 15, 2016. See:


[15]  McKinley, Jennifer. ‘Secretive’ Chemicals Being Hidden in Food Under ‘Artificial Flavors’ Label.  Natural News, April 10, 2008. See:

[16] Warner, Melanie. Food Companies Test Flavorings That Can Mimic Sugar, Salt or MSG. New York Times, April 7, 2005. See: as posted to the New York Times’ Learning Network, “a blog for parents, teachers and students that is freely available outside of the New York Times digital subscription service, and does not require registration.”

[17] Senomyx, Inc. Senomyx Announces Approval of Bittermyx® BB68 and Sweetmyx® SR96 Flavor Ingredients in China. Press Release, August 31, 2106. See:

[18] See the Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Inc. and Suzy Platt, ed., Respectfully Quoted, p. 200, #1054.

GRASSROOTS ACTION: US Senate Vote Tomorrow on DARK Act: Call Senators today!


Posted by Laura Hagen, HWFC Member-Owner.

GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! is a blog dedicated to American independently-owned, Member-Owned & operated, community food co-ops, their Member-Owners and families.


UPDATE: THURSDAY, JULY 7, 2016 9:10 am

NYS Senator Gillibrand’s office in D.C. told me this morning that the Senator voted “NO” against the cloture vote yesterday. (This is, she voted against cutting off debate and forcing a vote.)

NYS Senator’s Schumer’s office in D.C. told me this morning that the Senator voted “NO” (That is, he voted against cutting off debate and forcing a vote.)



A Center for Food Safety Press Release dated today, states:

WASHINGTON— Today the Senate voted to deny one-third of Americans the right to know what is in in the food products they purchase. In a cloture vote of 65-32 the discriminatory, highly-flawed “compromise” GMO labeling bill offered by Senators Stabenow and Roberts, also known as the Deny Americans the Right to Know (DARK) Act, passed through the Senate. This “compromise” bill allows producers to use QR codes and “smart labels” instead of clear, on-package labeling of food products that contain genetically modified organisms (GMOs). The poorly drafted bill exempts major portions of current and future GMO foods from labeling and is discriminatory against low-income, rural, minorities and elderly populations. The bill as written is also a gross violation of the sovereignty of numerous states, as it preempts the genetically engineered food labeling laws in Vermont, Connecticut, Maine and Alaska…

The High Plains /Midwest AG Journal article Senate Passes GMO Cloture Vote, dated Wednesday, July 6, 2016 at 5:38 pm stated: “Senate will vote on final passage as early as July 7.

Both NYS Senators’ – Schumer and Gillibrand – websites are silent as to how they voted on the Dark Act cloture vote. Please post below, if you have an update.

See the Senate Democrat and Republican Conference websites for information about the Cloture vote and the final vote, possibly tomorrow, Thursday, July 7, 2016.

*What’s a “cloture vote?” “Cloture is a procedure used occasionally in the U.S. Senate to break a filibuster. Cloture, or Rule 22, is the only formal procedure in Senate parliamentary rules, in fact, that can force an end to the stalling tactic. It allows the Senate to limit consideration of a pending matter to 30 additional hours of debate.” See .



Senator Schumer (202) 224-6542

Senator Gillibrand (202) 224-4451

In the meantime, read this June 29, 2016 article at HuffPo by Carey Gillam, Research Director for U.S. Right to Know, a non-profit consumer education group, At ‘Crucial Moment’ For GMO Labeling, Organic Industry Finds Itself Divided.

Read Carey Gillam’s June 27, 2016 article at U.S. Right to Know, For GMO Labeling Advocates, It Doesn’t Get Much Darker Than This.

And see this Wednesday, July 6, 2016 NY Times editorial, A Flawed Approach to Labeling Genetically Modified Food.

Finally, we were all let to believe that GMO foods were necessary because they would increase food yields. A national report has put that myth to bed.

U.S. Right To Know informs us: “A May 2016 report by the National Academy of Sciences found no evidence that GMO crops had changed the rate of increase in yields, and no clear benefits for small, impoverished farms in developing countries.”


UPDATE: Tuesday, July 5, 2016 at 6:00PM: An advocate (thanks JS) from HWFC just let our list know she has spoken with the Environmental Working Group. “THEY SAY SCHUMER IS POSSIBLY GOING TO VOTE FOR THE BILL… (the DARK Act)…”

Please call Senator Schumer’s Office and tell him to vote “no.” Tell him why. Tell him the Organic Trade Association, which is supporting this bill, does NOT speak for you and your family.

Flood Senator Schumer’s Office with calls. We need large numbers from the Albany area calling his D.C. office.

Does anyone have a newer update from Senator Gillibrand’s office?

I was told it is more effective to call their D.C. offices. Here are the numbers:

Senator Schumer (202) 224-6542 (9-6PM and you CANNOT leave a message)

Senator Gillibrand (202) 224-4451

Please post any updates, below.

Here is the text of the bill (thanks MR, another HWFC advocate). It just made it out of committee (Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry) and doesn’t have an S number yet. History of bill: (S. 2609 via amendment #3450 to S. 764)

Folks, please read the text of this bill …and make your Senate phone calls today and tomorrow morning. Call friends & family around the US and have THEM call THEIR Senators today and tomorrow morning to vote “no” to the Dark Act.


The Organic Consumers Association (OCA) and its International Director, Ronnie Cummins, issued this statement in an email sent out July 3rd:

On Wednesday, July 6, the U.S. Senate will hold a vote on a bill that could undermine everything that’s been accomplished so far on the GMO labeling front.

If the Roberts-Stabenow DARK Act passes next week, Vermont’s GMO labeling bill, enacted yesterday, will be overturned. Consumers will never get clear labels on GMO foods. The right of states to pass their own food safety and labeling laws will be severely undermined.

In fact, even Vermont’s seed labeling law, in existence for the past 12 years, will be wiped out of existence by this grossly offensive piece of legislation.

So much for states being the “laboratories of democracy.” What rights will corporations convince our federal lawmakers to take away next?

The bill proposed by Sens. Pat Roberts and Debbie Stabenow is an anti-consumer, pro-Monsanto masterpiece, bought and paid for by some of the greediest, most deceptive corporations in America…


  1. Please read my July 2nd post to get updated, here.
  2. It is URGENT that you contact your US Senators TODAY at 888-897-0174  (or Senator Schumer (202) 224-6542; Senator Gillibrand (202) 224-4451), and let them know you do not support the Roberts-Stabenow Senate Bill, aka the DARK ACT. In the past, NY Senators Gillibrand and Schumer both voted “no.” Call them anyway because I did not get a firm answer today from either Senator’s office that they would be voting “no” tomorrow.
    1. See how the rest of the US Senate voted on a “test run” of the vote, here;
  3. Go to your pantry & ‘fridge. Cross-check the brand names of the organic food you buy with this list of members of the Organic Trade Association (OTA);
    1. Email and/or FB some of these “organic” companies today (OTA list of members here);
    2. Tell them to publicly drop support of this bill; you want this in writing;
    3. Tell them you expect to see an announcement on their website and FB page, showing they have removed support for this bill.

I called Senators Schumer and Gillibrand’s offices today. Senator Gillibrand’s D.C. office told me they cannot confirm that she will vote “no” against the DARK Act, but that she did vote against it in the past.

Senator Schumer’s D.C. office line was busy; I am still trying to get through.(UPDATE 7/5/16, 3:30PM: the Senator’s D.C. office stated the Senator does oppose the DARK ACT and has voted against it in the past; however, the staffer does not know how the Senator will vote tomorrow until after he votes.) I spoke to the regional office in Albany and was told the Senator did vote against the DARK Act in the past; the staffer could not tell me the “Senator’s thinking as of this moment.” He urged me to call the D.C. office to be sure my voice is heard and that I am included in the tally of phone calls against the DARK Act.

Let me state this very loudly and very clearly: the Organic Trade Association (OTA) and all of its association members have joined with Monsanto in support of this bill.

This “Organic Industry” trade & lobbying organization, the Organic Trade Association, is claiming to speak for millions of American who buy their members’ “organic” food products. That includes you.

This bill is being voted on in the US Senate tomorrow, July 6th.

Do not allow this organic, corporate “front group,” the OTA, to speak for you. Call your US Senators today on behalf of your family and ask that they vote “no.” Tell them why.

Tell members of the Organic Trade Association – in writing – that your family will stop buying their “organic” foods if they do not immediately drop support for this bill – in writing – which supports GMOs and Monsanto.


Here is the letter which I emailed today to Melissa Hughes, Chair of the Organic Trade Association and Organic Valley representative:

Urgent Response Needed: OV and OTA Support of the Roberts-Stabenow Bill

July 5, 2016

Dear Ms. Hughes, Chair, Organic Trade Association and Representative of Organic Valley:

I have been a loyal customer of Organic Valley Co-operative milk products for years. Each month I purchase at least 1 gallon of OV whole, grassfed milk to make yogurt and we purchase OV butter, as well.

I am shocked that Organic Valley, represented by you as the Chair of the Organic Trade Association (OTA,) is supporting the Roberts-Stabenow Senate bill – renamed “The DARK Act” (Deny Americans the Right to Know about GMOs).

This bill goes against the very things we consumers want: transparency in labeling of GMOs; full disclosure by food corporations of the presence of GMOs; the right to protect our families from the harm of GMOs; and protection of the term “organic” in food labeling.

Please tell me:

1. Why is Organic Valley supporting this bill?
2. Why are you, as chair of the OTA, guiding the hundreds of OTA member corporations into supporting this bill?
3. What will it take for you to realize that 90% of American consumers DO NOT WANT GMOs in their food and WANT IT CLEARLY LABELED, that a food corporation is using GMOs? Would a national boycott of Organic Valley products be a loud and clear message?
4. Will you, as both Chair of the OTA and as a representative of Organic Valley, publicly and in writing on your websites and Facebook pages, withdraw your support of the Roberts-Stabenow bill (“the DARK Act”) immediately?
5. Please provide me with a list (name, address, phone, website, email) of ALL the farmers who provide milk/dairy to the Organic Valley Co-operative, whose farms are located in New York State & Vermont. I plan to contact each NYS & VT Organic Valley farm family and let them know there is strong consumer action AGAINST the “organic” corporations which support the Roberts-Stabenow Senate bill and that consumers, nation-wide, are poised to boycott any “organic” corporations which, by virtue of being a member of the Organic Trade Association (OTA), support the Roberts-Stabenow bill.

Depending upon your reply, my family will either continue to buy Organic Valley milk and butter. …or we will end our support of your corporation and buy our organic milk and butter elsewhere. We will go out of our way to NOT purchase Organic Valley products.

In addition – depending upon your written answer to me – our family will begin a campaign of contacting every member of the OTA whose food has a place in our ‘fridge and pantry, and inform them that we will no longer be purchasing their “organic” food products.

Please do not ask me to call you back; I would much prefer your answer in writing. There are many other Organic Valley customers who will want to know your answers, as well.


Laura Hagen

GRASSROOTS ACTION: Indiana Food Co-op Closes Storefronts. HWFC Forewarned – Reducing Overhead Critical


Posted by Laura Hagen, HWFC Member-Owner.

GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! is a blog dedicated to American independently-owned, Member-Owned & operated, community food co-ops, their Member-Owners and families.


NEWS!: June 15, 2016: Read this excellent summary by Jessica Rae, entitled Approve the Budget on June 27th!

Don’t forget HWFC’s 40th Anniversary Bash tomorrow, Saturday, June 18, 2016 at the HWFC storefront! Here are directions to our co-op! See you tomorrow!



NOTE: I returned home from a 2nd visit to Bloomington, Indiana. This is an updated & expanded version of the blogpost from April 27, 2016 entitled GRASSROOTS ACTION Needed by Bloomingfoods Food Co-op Owners in Indiana.

Learning from the experience of a similar US food co-op may help HWFC Member-Owners make needed overhead reduction decisions. This is not a short post and it has important implications for HWFC.

So, go grab that pot of tea, coffee or kombucha …and prepare for a story which will, hopefully, motivate passage of the carefully prepared HWFC 2016 – 2017 budget on Monday, June 27, 2016 at FUUSA, 405 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY: dessert potluck at 5:30pm, Membership Meeting from 6:00-8:30pm. (Member-Owners, see Meeting Announcement and Budget Presentation.)

Please attend one of the Board’s five remaining Budget Information Sessions at HWFC:

Tuesday, June 14 2:00-4:00
Community Room

Thursday, June 16 11:30-2:00
Community Room

Wednesday, June 22 11:00-2:00
Teaching Kitchen

Wednesday, June 22 4:30-7:00
Community Room

Thursday, June 23 2:00-3:00
Community Room

Saturday, June 25 12:00-2:00
Teaching Kitchen


 Caroline Beebe, board president, said … about what the co-op needed to do to stay in business. ‘…It’s better to right size the business than to remain overextended and risk closing altogether.’
Bloomingfoods’ Press Release dated April 26, 2016 [i]

 Both the Elm Heights store and the commissary kitchen employ up to 50 workers, who are represented by the United Food and Commercial Workers International Union. While a press release states that the fate of the staff is a high priority for the organization, the co-op cannot guarantee that there will be no layoffs.
WFHB April 27, 2016 [ii]


Bloomingfoods’ Elm Heights store, opened on  August 15, 2013, suddenly closed its doors in May, 2016, after being open for less than three years.

        This is a story about the devolution of Bloomingfoods Market & Deli, a Bloomington, Indiana food co-op founded in 1976, the same year as Honest Weight Food Co-op (HWFC), and with a similar number of shareholders.  It is also about HWFC, located in Albany, New York’s capital, and a group of Member-Owners fighting that same fight. Bloomingfoods’ 40th anniversary is this July 23rd, our 40th celebration is this Saturday, June 18th.

In addition to being a 37-year Member-Owner of HWFC, I have been a Member-Owner of Bloomingfoods Food Co-op (B’foods) since 2008. I lived in Bloomington for several years and my first action when arriving in Bloomington – a beautiful, friendly, mid-western university town – was to join B’foods. It had grown from the original, downtown, funky, converted, two-story home on Kirkwood – to having three storefronts and operation of a commissary kitchen.  In 2013 it added two more storefronts, Elm Heights and a small location at Ivy Tech Community College.

With Indiana’s lower cost of living, B’food’s prices were much lower than prices I paid at HWFC (ignoring our 24% weekly Member-Owner discount). I was impressed with the large selection of local Amish foods, usually the lowest priced foods. B’foods also hosted local Farmer’s Markets and was proud of its connections to local farms. I had no difficulty purchasing local, organic fruits, vegetables, pastured eggs & meat.

I didn’t have the time to really get involved. Member Labor only gained me a 10% reduction in purchases; I could just as easily take advantage of the 10%-off once-a-week Member Day and one monthly Wildcard Day. Also, a Member-Labor Program was not actively promoted nor advertised.

In 2013, I returned back home to Albany, NY, resumed Member-Work and shopping at HWFC, albeit in the brand new, shiny, chic-chic store on Watervliet Avenue.


          On October 23, 2015, the former Board of HWFC posted a paper notice on their bulletin board and made a direct threat to the legal power of the Member-Owners by attempting to end our Member-Owner Labor Program (MLP); this despite the fact that our bylaws prohibit this action by the Board. This would have removed us from store operations and, consequently, ended our right to vote. Without these two rights, Member-Owners would lose their legal control of the co-operative corporation. [iia]

Concurrent with ending our MLP and our disenfranchisement as voters, was a strategic push by the former Board to add 12,000 new, non-working “shareholders” and a second strategic push for bylaws’ changes: to cement Board control and eliminate Member-Owner control & ownership rights. This board was paying two law firms, national co-op consultants, a Strategic PR & Lobbying firm, and an Organizational Change Agent (I kid you not) to assist them in their agenda. The Board contracted with the national firm of co-op experts, CDS Consulting Co-op (CDSCC), for their Co-operative Board Leadership Development (CBLD) program. On its website, CDSCC states, “CBLD s an award-winning innovative program designed to support your board and general manager (GM).[iii]

CDSCC has advised many food co-op Boards and GMs across the country, including Bloomingfoods, which appears to be a current CDSCC CBLD client [iiia]. Strengthening of Member-Owner power and control of a food co-op is not part of CDSCC’s CBLD advertising: quite the contrary. Here at HWFC, the Board and Management were behaving as one unit, to the utter exclusion of Member-Owners. Thankfully, CDSCC’s CBLD ‘Fresh Start’ Bylaws Template, was never brought to a vote nor ratified by our Membership; these bylaws severely undermine, and in some cases, eliminate Member-Owner control & ownership of the co-operative.

Kate Doyle, a Member-Owner from HWFC, who is also an attorney and who is now our Treasurer, explained the actions of our (now-former) Board this way:

The [former] Board [sought] to terminate worker owner participation and control by:

A.) Expanding voter rights (read “control”) to non-working members [aka non-working shareholders] so as to eliminate worker owner control and place us under the case law cited above, thus effectively ending our existing [Member-Owner Labor] program.

B.)  Placing all power and decision making in the Board and Management, thus [disemboweling] the cooperative, leaving only the corporate structure.” [See [iia]; also see [xi]]

The Strategic PR Firm even developed catchy slogans – to match the Board’s political agenda – which Board members began (noticeably) utilizing one day at a co-op meeting: “One member, one vote!” was one (to convince Owners to yield our vote – that is yield our control, power & ownership rights – to non-working “shareholders” – and thereby, to the Board/Management axis); “The law trumps the bylaws!” (to convince Owners that our bylaws somehow violated NYS labor law and needed urgent change) was another.

(Beware, they may be recycling these catchy [and expensive, our Board paid big bucks for ’em] slogans at your co-op…)

In just 38 days, Member-Owners organized & confronted the threats to our co-op. Notice of the emergency Special Membership Meeting led to an historic emergency Special Membership Meeting (SMM) on November 30, 2015, attended by ~710 people, 620 of whom were voting Member-Owners. This ultimately dis-empowered the former Board and resulted in the three-person Leadership Team (LT or top Management) dissolving several months later. 85.7% of Member-Owners voted to disapprove the Board’s decision to “…end member labor on the floor and administration by January 1, 2016…” [iiib]

It was uncovered that more than $500,000 (!!!) had been spent by the former Board on a push for bylaws’ changes and to “eliminate member labor and [on the] strategic planning to design its replacement!” [iv] $500,000 of our collective co-op savings was spent-down by that Board to pay two teams of lawyers, an expensive Strategic PR & Lobbying firm, that Organizational Change Agent, and that firm of national co-op “experts,” CDS Consulting Co-op, to help them in their stealth agenda of separating ownership of our co-operative from us, the Member-Owners!

$257,000 of that  – alone – was spent in six months (July-December, 2015), just on legal fees! This former Board was spending $42,833 a month on two law firms, to assist them in legally ending our MLP, changing our bylaws, and eliminating the control &  ownership of our co-operative corporation by its rightful owners, the Member-Owners.

They were attempting – in stealth – a bloodless coup of our co-operative corporation …what has all the earmarks of a classic corporate takeover attempt.


       One of the first moves our new Board members took was to place an immediate moratorium upon the use of all consultants. This halted the whisperings of all local and national consultant experts, including CDS Consulting Co-op, into the ears of any & all leadership at HWFC.


Our bylaws were not altered and current Board counsel has advised that our MLP is defendable – given our current bylaws – and supported under NYS law.

It was that small piece of paper tacked up to the Board’s bulletin board on a Friday in October – October 23, 2015 – which pulled the trigger on their secret plan to end Member-Owner control & ownership of our co-operative corporation. The following morning, Member-Owner Chris Colarusso came to a co-op meeting with her small piece of paper: a written petition for an emergency Special Membership Meeting.

It took Chris only 1 ½ hours to get the required number of Member-Owner signatures for a legally-binding petition of the Membership!

Democracy ultimately prevailed.

We Owners held that emergency meeting and, ultimately, got rid of that Board of Directors; top Management (three-person “Leadership Team”) were all gone six months later.

Had those ‘Fresh Start’ Bylaws – pushed on us by the national team of consultants from CDS Consulting Co-op – been in place at our co-op, we could have held that emergency Special Membership Meeting. However, according to the CDSCC CBLD ‘Fresh Start’ Bylaws Template

Article III 3.2. Decisions made at any special meeting are advisory only. [iva]

We Member-Owners would  have been legally unable to stop the Board (and Management) in their bid to assume control of our food co-operative corporation. Member-Owners would have become “Paper-Tiger Owners:” Owners in name only.

It was a narrow escape.

We all owe a large debt of gratitude to Chris for her unerring & clear-thinking ability to gauge the temperature of the times …and act at the exact right moment demanded by the tsunami overpowering and undermining our co-op’s strong, local, family & community footing.

We Member-Owners families of HWFC should all be very, very proud that we successfully defended our co-operative from attack: in this case, initiated from the inside, and guided from the outside by national “expert” .coop consultants & a seemingly broader national agenda to thwart and eliminate local control & ownership of US food co-ops.

This story is an incredible testament to the living, breathing power of local families supporting each other and using real community, real co-operative, and real grassroots action, all of which are alive and well at this American, independently-owned food co-op, near the banks of the historic Hudson River, in Albany, NY.

We successfully defended what is ours.


          In March I visited Bloomington. I was stunned at the state of Bloomingfoods. The first thing I discovered was the closure of B’foods’ flagship, funky & well-loved first storefront on Kirkwood! [v] This store “on the alley” had closed its doors in February 2015. [vi] [vii]

Next, what shocked me were the overall higher prices. In tandem, Member discounts had been so reduced as to be meaningless. [viia]

I called my husband back home and we compared the prices of the same products: foods like organic, bottled tomato paste, coconut & olive oil, Coconut Aminos. Everything was more expensive than at HWFC.

This was a complete reversal; this mid-western food co-op was charging higher prices than an upstate New York co-op!

Gone was the large selection of locally-grown or produced Amish foods. I could find no Amish cheeses at the Near West Side co-op and only one type of raw milk cheese: a goat cheese. There was a reduced selection of local, Amish cheeses at the Eastside store.

I have grown accustomed to the large and varied selection of regional & artisanal, raw milk cheeses we have at HWFC and it was very disappointing to not be able to get what I needed.

Bacon (not pastured) and organic butter were simply not affordable! More in evidence was meat from (national?) suppliers, with brand names I was unfamiliar with. I could find no local, grass-fed, grass-finished beef …in a food co-op in the midwest! I was told I had to special order it.

Fresh vegetables & fruits did not always list the country of origin, ditto on nuts, seeds and dried fruits, leaving me to have to find a staffer to ask where the food came from. Foods labeled as “organic” from China were not at all uncommon.

And sauerkraut? Again, this is the mid-west, Indiana is home to Amish, Mennonite and plenty of German & Swiss families; sauerkraut is one of the four basic food groups!  The price for live, locally-made sauerkraut was $10.89 for a pint!

I talked to Member shoppers, several staff, and community members. A staffer, when I asked what was going on with prices and a change in atmosphere at the co-op said, “I don’t know man, it’s almost like we were taken over or something.” A floor manager cheerfully said they had a new GM and they were tightening their belts. A friend who has friends who are personally invested in B’foods, stated her friends were afraid for their financial investment (loans) to the co-op.

I found blogger and media reports about disgruntled employees, Member-Owners being denied entrance to and participation in B’foods Board meetings, and a Board which was hostile and non-responsive; stories reminiscent of our co-op’s experiences in Albany, NY in the fall of 2015. [viib]

Staff felt so mistreated by Management and the Board that unionizing activities were begun in the fall of 2014. Please read this detailed accounting of the process in a two-part series at The Ryder called The Unionization of Bloomingfoods Part I, by Robert F. Arnove, Chancellor’s Professor Emeritus of Education at Indiana University, and Part II, by Robert F. Arnove with Peter LoPilato. [viic]


       In a popular Bloomington blog, The Electron Pencil, we learn in the April 20, 2015 post, Hot Air  Food Facts:

Keith Taylor, a co-op governance researcher who works at Indiana University’s Ostrom Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis … started a petition calling on the Board of Directors of Bloomingfoods to come up with a clear and public plan to address some of the issues that are making B-foods employees, shoppers, and co-op members nervous… [viid]

Signed by 161 people, the task of the online petition? To “bring in external assistance.” In one of his messages to his supporters at, Dr. Taylor stated,”Keep it up folks! Alone we can do so little, together so much![Despite its .org domain suffix, is not a nonprofit, it is a for-profit business, see: viie] [viif]

In an April 14, 2015 WFHB podcast interview with Joe Crawford, Dr. Taylor, introduced as an academic “researcher who studies this topic,” explicitly recommended that Bloomingfoods call in National Co-op Grocers (NCG):

[Joe Crawford]: …What that petition calls for is an audit of the co-op to give the membership quote ‘in depth objective analyses of operational, governance and financial issues within the co-operative…’

[Dr. Taylor]: …The audit that I’m calling for, it’s different than a standard audit because this is in co-op world, as we shall say. Bloomingfoods is part of the National Cooperative Grocers Association. It’s the association of food co-operatives. They have teams that can come in and do a top to bottom peer review or peer audit, however you want to say it, of the organization, to assess its fiscal health, its governance health and its operational health…

…I am somewhat known among the food coop community [at Bloomingfoods] and the staff, management and administrative folks all have a high level of trust in me. Over the last six months they have confided in me. They have asked me to work behind the scenes to avoid these things from becoming public and from these ruptures from happening. The problem is that things have gotten so bad that it’s forced my hand, I’ve now had to come public with this knowledge that I have accumulated over these last few months. It’s something I did not want to do… [viig]

His recommendation and the online petition had been communicated to the B’foods’ Board, verified in his April 15th message at

The Board of Bloomingfoods meets tonight. I was assured that the petition is indeed on the table! Let’s hope the board does indeed call for assistance from National Co-op Grocers! [viih]

The Bloomingfoods’ Board met …and complied. Two days later, on April 17th, a  B’foods Board announcement stated:

…we have asked for the assistance of one of the leading cooperative professional organizations, the National Cooperative Grocers. NCG has scheduled a site visit at the end of April. Many cooperatives across the country have benefited from such site visits, and we are looking forward to both the process and the positive results. [vii i] [viij]

In this same announcement, the Board announced the resignation of its President, Tim Clougher.

On June 8, 2015, B’foods GM for more than 20 years, George Huntington, resigned. [viik]


        The situation at this forty-year old, formerly thriving and vibrant, locally-owned food co-op, beloved by Bloomington families – and a lot like HWFC – had gotten so dire that, in June, 2015, Bloomingfoods’operations were (temporarily) taken over by National Coop Grocers (NCG): Paula Gilbertson, NCG’s Development Advisor, as acting GM, assisted by NCG’s Chief Operating Officer, C. E. Pugh. [viii]

Member-Owners of Bloomingfoods had lost control of their locally-owned, locally-operated food co-op.

Last summer, many employees were laid off, including significant numbers of managers. The media indicated more layoffs were anticipated; that, in fact, did happen. [viiia] B’foods 2015 Annual Report called for “reducing the workforce by 25%.” [ix]

Although a contract with the brand new employees’ union, the United Food and Commercial Workers International Union (UFCW) Local 700, was ratified during the summer of 2015 – finalized while NCG’s Paula Gilbertson was acting GM – and went into effect July 29th, it did not prevent layoffs from occurring. [ixa] [ixb] In fact, there is great disappointment in that the union promised more than it delivered. I was told the union rep (who is not located in Bloomington) is often unavailable; communication is difficult. So, what promised to be a boon and support to (non-managerial) staff had not materialized, as anticipated.

Discussions included acknowledgement of the fact that B’foods had over-extended itself by opening not one, but two new outlets in 2013: the brand new Elm Heights store and a small venue at Ivy Tech Community College.

In August, 2015, store items were listed for sale at an online surplus auction site, presumably from the Kirkwood store, which had closed in February. [x]

It was also during this summer, that B’foods’ Member-Owner Labor Program (MLP) – called the owner volunteer program – was discontinued; Member-Owners were down-graded to “volunteer” status and were eliminated from working in the stores.

Downsizing & restructuring of this co-op, by NCG, was implemented as B’foods began its search for a new GM. Tony Alongi, former Director of Finance for the Hanover Consumer Cooperative Society, Hanover, NH, began working for B’foods as its new GM on March 1, 2016. [xa]

Staff layoffs continued.


        On April 10 – curious about B’foods Member-Owner Labor Program ending – I emailed Bloomingfoods and asked what had happened. This is, in part, the reply I received from Jean Kautt, Marketing and Member Services Manager, Bloomington Cooperative Services Inc.:

 We discontinued our owner volunteer program last summer for several reasons (this was publicly announced at our annual meeting in October [2015])…

 …Nationally, most co-ops have had to discontinue their volunteer programs due to changes in labor laws, tax laws, and insurance liabilities. It has gotten very complicated in the past 40 years! After conferring with our legal advisor and our labor union representative, it was apparent that we were no longer able to offer the volunteer opportunities we had in the past. We are still exploring other ways for our owners to be active at the co-op, and with a national network of almost 200 co-ops to share information with, there are some good ideas out there…

First, it is inaccurate to state that “…most co-ops have had to discontinue their volunteer programs…” Many US food co-ops continue to support a co-operative corporation structure whose backbone consists of co-op Owners working in the co-operative and in the storefront; HWFC is one such food co-op, and many of us here in Albany look down-river to Brooklyn’s Park Slope Food Co-op as a superlative example of a Member-Owned, Member-Operated food co-op.

Park Slope is very sound & stable: truly & unambiguously owned and operated by the Owners of the co-operative corporation. It is so fiscally successful, in fact, that it pulls in more money, per-square-foot, than Whole Foods: $6,500 per-square-foot average in 2010 for Park Slope vs. $838 for Whole Foods! [xb]

Second, I’ve been a Member-Owner of a vibrant food co-op for almost 40 years (in NYS, where things are always more complicated) (and despite NYS “complications” BTW, Park Slope Food Co-op which is here in  NYS, founded 43 years ago, is doing just fine and HWFC, upriver, founded 40 years ago, is also doing just fine, albeit busy cleaning house, at the moment); things have not become any more “complicated” over the last 40 years, such that fundamental, legal changes to the corporate structure of a food co-op and eliminating Member-Owned, Member-Operated food co-ops from the American landscape are the only answers to perceivedcomplications.

Third, I was instantly sensitive to the use of the terms “volunteer-owner,” “volunteer program” and “volunteer opportunities.” The word “owner” was on its way to disappearing: being replaced by “volunteer.”

The Owners of a co-operative corporation are distinct & legally very different from volunteers in a co-operative corporation.

A nationally-recognized expert on co-operative and nonprofit law from Vermont, Laddie Lushin, Esq., in his 2009 article, Co-op Member Labor Programs Under the Fair Labor Standards Act: A Matter of Economic Reality, recommends, as a first priority, to not utilize the word volunteer, when strengthening your food co-op’s Member-Owner Labor Program! He states:

Never refer to the program or its participants as volunteers. Member-workers are compensated, and the program cannot meet the required eleemosynary [charitable] purpose. Using volunteer terminology thus prejudices the co-op’s legal posture by suggesting a basis for exemption [from the FLSA] that is clearly bogus. [xi]

Yet, here, we find Bloomingfoods’ descriptors intentionally waving this red flag! According to Mr. Lushin, use of this terminology – “volunteer” – could, and very probably will land an FLSA issue at a co-op’s doorstep…

…unless those “volunteers” – now a co-operative liability – are removed from volunteering / working on the floor or in the co-op itself.

The information in Ms. Kautt’s email conflicts with the minutes from B’foods October 18, 2015 Annual Meeting. In those minutes we find no mention of the ending of the “owner volunteer program,” rather, the statement by “NCG Consultant Paula Gilbertson and the Bloomingfoods’ Consumer Services Department:”

Bloomingfoods Ambassadors Volunteer Program. We are extremely limited on in-store volunteer opportunities due to labor law and other factors, so we are introducing the Bloomingfoods Ambassadors Program to allow our owner-members to volunteer with organizations in – line with our ENDS statement for a discount/incentive at Bloomingfoods. [xii]

At this point, the word “Ownerhas disappeared from Bloomingfoods’ Program PR. Just what are the “labor law and other factors” limiting the “in-store volunteer opportunities” of the Owner-Members of this food co-op in the brand new Ambassadors Volunteer Program, as stated in these Bloomingfoods’ Annual Meeting minutes?

In Ms. Kautt’s April 2016 response…

After conferring with our legal advisor and our labor union representative, it was apparent that we were no longer able to offer the volunteer opportunities we had in the past.

…just why did “conferring with our … labor union representative…” result in Bloomingfoods “… no longer [being] able to offer the volunteer opportunities we had in the past…?”

What does the one have to do with the other?

Bloomingfoods’ “owner volunteer program” was replaced with the “Ambassadors Volunteer Program.” This new program has not only eliminated the word Owner, it also eliminated the Owners themselves from participation in day-to-day, on-the-floor co-op operations. These two actions together gravely threaten the legal control and ownership of the co-operative corporation, held by B’foods’ Member-Owners. [see iia and xi]

Why did the Board wait until October, at the Annual Meeting, to announce a change which had, apparently, occurred “last summer …notably, during the same time period the new union contract was in final negotiations and when B’foods’ operations had been temporarily taken over by  two national NCG representatives?

It is very troubling – according to Ms. Kautt’s April 2016 email – that B’foods’ brand new labor union does appear to have agreed that B’foods could “…no longer … offer the volunteer opportunities we had in the past… .” Did the UFCW Local 700 at B’foods, in fact, agree with Management & the Board in ending the “volunteer opportunities” (Member-Owner Opportunities) in B’foods stores, thus benefiting its own union membership and undermining the control and ownership of the co-operative corporation by the local Member-Owners?

Is this email from Ms. Kautt accurate?


        Owned and controlled by the people they serve, co-ops have a long & respected history in  the US. [xiia] Ownership and the right to control the co-operative corporation; contributing family resources by owning a share, working in and shopping at the co-operative; Member-Owner Labor rights; voting rights; “worker-owner participation and control,” are all fundamentals of a co-operative corporation. [see iia] Yet at these two US food co-ops – one in NYS and one in Indiana – we find the same vague, undefined, frightening & threatening language being wielded – “changes in labor laws, tax laws, and insurance liabilities” and “labor law and other factors” – as a tool to peel away the control & ownership of a co-operative from the Member-Owners.

At HWFC, yet another of the plans the former Board implemented was a secret operation to attempt to get the NYS Department of Labor (NYS DOL) to issue a written opinion that Member-Labor at NYS food co-ops was, somehow, in violation of (unnamed) labor laws or illegal; this was to be used to frighten Member-Owners into willingly ending our MLP. A secret, hand-couriered letter to the NYS DOL acting Commissioner (to learn its contents, we had to FOIL it); secret two and three-hour Board Executive Sessions with upper Management, lawyers, and an expensive Strategic PR consultant – from which Member-Owners were excluded; and an actual meeting with a NYS DOL Deputy Commissioner and staff on December 2, 2015, which was kept secret from Member-Owners and newly-elected Board members, and which took place two days after our historic emergency SMM, demonstrate just how crucial implementation of this agenda was to this Board. [xiib]

(A reminder of one of the former Board’s expensive PR slogans, repeatedly thrown our way – “The law trumps the bylaws!” – is an apropos injection at this point.)

One of the last acts of acting-President Deb Dennis (and that Strategic PR firm which she had hired) – before she quit the Board on January 5, 2016 – was to participate in an interview for an AP article, Will Work for Food? Co-op Programs End Amid Labor Law Fears, by Michael Hill, which hit national newsstands on Sunday, January 3, 2016. (Also see here and here.) She disclosed the fact of the early December interview to Membership, after the fact and only because a sharp Member-Owner had witnessed the subsequent photo shoot at our co-op on December 15th …and called Ms. Dennis out at a heavily-attended Board meeting that evening.

At this same Board meeting Dennis disclosed – when pressed – that the Strategic PR & Lobbying firm working for her Board – under (then) current contract for $20,000 – had put her in touch with AP reporter, Michael Hill.

And, it was at this same Board meeting that Nate Horwitz – who had also been interviewed by Hill (via telephone) – expressed public shock at Dennis’s disclosures; she had also neglected to tell him about this upcoming AP story: that it had been brokered by her PR Firm and that she had already been interviewed & photographed. She blind-sided him, this well-liked, longtime, former HWFC employee  – who was easily elected to the Board by a majority of voters at our emergency SMM – and who assumed her seat as HWFC’s Board President at this very Board meeting.

On Sunday, January 3, 2016, Ms. Dennis’s photograph was front & center in newspapers all over the United States.

This article received premiere national coverage through the AP; in fact, US news outlets are still purchasing & printing it. It transmitted a “labor law fear-mongering” message, specifically targeting US food co-ops. Its opening sentence clearly spins the PR agenda:

ALBANY, N.Y. (AP) – Food cooperative programs that allow members to scoop rice, sort organic vegetables and ring up sales in return for grocery discounts are fading fast amid a changing marketplace and fears of violating labor laws.

Bloomingfoods appeared in the article:

Bloomingfoods of Bloomington, Indiana, ended its limited program recently after implementing its first union contract for employees.

Interesting that Bloomingfoods got a mention in a national AP article about US food co-op Member-Owner Labor Programs “fading fast.” And, here is evidence, once again, that unionizing at B’foods had something to do with ending the Member-Owner Labor Program – the “in-store volunteer opportunities” – of the Owners of this Indiana food co-operative.

This article – readily pulled up on internet searches – is “PR Gold” for those national .coop corporations & consultants which are spreading labor law fear and using it as a tool to end Member-Owner Labor Programs at US food co-ops.

Three days later, in a January 6, 2016 article, Four Resign From Honest Weight Food Co-op Board, Tim O’Brien, a reporter at the Times Union (TU), our local paper, who has been closely following HWFC’s story since October, 2015, wrote:

A state Labor Department spokesman told the Times Union in November no co-op in New York had ever been cited for minimum wage violations, and the question of whether members should be paid would depend on how ownership is structured. [emphasis added]

The Laddie Lushin, Esq. article, Co-op Member Labor Programs Under the Fair Labor Standards Act: A Matter of Economic Reality, cited above, would support this NYS DOL statement:

…there is a considerable body of legal authority in four different aspects of the FLSA–predominantly of the highest courts and of remarkably consistent content–that supports the nonapplicability of the FLSA to a properly structured and limited member labor program.
[emphasis added] [Please see p. 11, here: [xi]]

It remains a puzzle how Michael Hill, a sharp AP reporter – local to the Capital Region – missed a relevant quote like this from the NYS DOL; the TU’s Tim O’Brien sure didn’t! (My admiration for local, dig-into-it reporters invested in their local community (see the grassroots advocate’s wish for same here) just went up a notch!)

Additionally, how could he (Hill) pen an article in which he interviewed the acting-President of the Board of HWFC …and fail to highlight the historic HWFC emergency Special Membership Meeting, held on Monday night, November 30, 2015, attended by 720+ people, which had taken place just two-three days prior to his interview: a meeting whose very reason for being was Member Labor at a US food co-op?

Could it be because at this same historic Membership Meeting acting-President Deb Dennis had received a 67.9% vote of non-confidence and censure: just shy of the 75% needed to remove a Board member?

Did Dennis neglect to tell him the vote tally? Or, with those kind of election results, did he realize it would ruin her credibility as a reliable source representing HWFC?

Hill did not fail to highlight a (much smaller, secret) meeting between “Honest Weight representatives … [and] … state labor officials…” He is referring to the meeting which took place on Wednesday, December 2, 2015, – planned for by Dennis before our emergency SMM and held two days after – between a NYS DOL Deputy Commissioner and his staff & HWFC attorneys / Board representatives …a meeting which Deb Dennis kept secret from Member-Owners and our three newly-elected Board members!

It seems that news of the largest Membership Meeting ever in our co-op’s 40-year history just wasn’t news-worthy enough.

Additionally, 85.7% of HWFC Member-Owners voted to disapprove the Board’s decision to “…end member labor…”; news which would have fit in nicely as a counterpoint to his article, focused as it was, on US food co-op Member-Owner Labor Programs “fading fast.

This news was quite literally “hot off the press” yet it never made it into this AP article.

A quote in his article, “‘…the potential risks of [HWFC] being found out of legal compliance [by the NYS Department of Labor] were high…'” comes verbatim from the December 3, 2015 Inside Scoop (a Board publication, controlled by Dennis at that moment in time): in the form of a Memorandum from HWFC’s Governance Review Council co-chair, Ursula Abrams, entitled HWFC Meeting With The New York State Department of Labor.

It has subsequently been uncovered, by our new Board through a review of corporate records – that this Inside Scoop Memorandum was written by that same PR firm hired by Deb Dennis’s Board. (Please see the section labeled SECRECY in my December 19, 2015 post, GRASSROOTS ACTION and Bylaws (Again) ARE POWERFUL!)

So, that Strategic PR & Lobbying firm got its professional, paid-for spin published in this national AP “news” article by reporter Michael Hill; spinning a web of labor law fears for all US food co-ops to read.

You can argue, successfully, that this reporter had no way of knowing that a document, a Memorandum, provided to him by the person he was interviewing, Deb Dennis, had, in fact, been written by a Strategic PR firm.

However, I have seen no evidence whatsoever – in all the coverage we have gotten from the Times Union – that the TU’s reporter, Tim O’Brien, has ever quoted the spin of a Strategic PR firm and presented it as fact …or news. None. O’Brien would check additional sources – which he in fact did do, when confronted with the labor law fear-mongering tactics of acting-President Deb Dennis.

In his November 30, 2015 TU article published the day of our emergency SMM, Co-op coup: Turmoil at Honest Weight Food Co-Op leads to attempt to oust board (referred to, above, in O’Brien’s January 6, 2016 article), O’Brien checked with the NYS DOL:

Christopher White, a spokesman for the Labor Department, said … Whether owner workers are required to be paid depends on how a co-op is organized, he said in an emailed response to questions … Asked if any co-op in the state had ever been cited, White said, “we ran through our system the names of all the co-ops we could find and found the department had not issued a violation against any of those coops for violating minimum wage laws.”

 In a second TU article, also published on November 30, 2015, Chris Churchill: At Honest Weight, ruffled feathers amid the kale and tofu, reporter Chris Churchill wrote:

The recall, said Carolyn Presser, a leader in the effort, is about taking back a co-op that has strayed from its ideals. The threat of a Labor Department crackdown, she added, is a red herring designed to provoke fear — an opinion that has been buttressed by [John E.] Sweeney, the former Republican congressman and head of the state Labor Department. He told supporters of the recall that it’s unlikely the Labor Department would target the store.

(Carolynn Presser, BTW, won her bid for election to our Board at the emergency SMM, and is currently serving as our President.)

Where are the basics of good journalism relating to this AP article: that a reporter check facts and interview a variety of different sources (please see below for more on this), so a reader is provided with a more balanced view of an issue?

Mr. Hill owes us a rebuttal article.

After this experience, give us grassroots advocates on the ground a local reporter like Tim O’Brien at the TU, following this HWFC story like a dog with a scent (and his colleague Chris Churchill, as well), over an AP reporter seeking national acclaim & recognition. My regard for local, hometown reporters just went up yet another notch: they do their homework …and do their job!


       Given that Hill referred to “…a shake-up of the board that cost the president his position…” and “…the co-op board with Horwitz and two other new members…” there remains no doubt that he knew about our November 30th emergency SMM: it was at this very meeting that three new Board members – including Nate Horwitz – were elected and this former Board President (Bill Frye, the one just before Dennis) was voted off the Board (recalled) for disparaging remarks he made about Member-Owner workers, captured by Times Union reporter, Tim O’Brien, not once but twice.

It would have been very hard for a local reporter (AP or otherwise) to not know about the goings-on at HWFC; the TU’s Tim O’Brien (…up another notch! And he, a reporter covering a food co-op who self-professes he “…wouldn’t know a candlenut from a kumquat…“) wrote no fewer than four major articles about our emergency SMM and its election results, in the days surrounding the co-op’s meeting. (Please read his four articles: November 25th Co-op coup: Turmoil at Honest Weight Food Co-Op leads to attempt to oust board; November 26th Vote Monday seeks to remove Honest Weight board; November 30th Honest Weight Food Co-op members oust just one board member; and December 2nd More changes possible as Honest Weight Food Co-op members shake up board.)

Obviously, the newspaper which reports out from New York’s busy state capital, the Times Union, felt this issue – this big to-do over an emergency meeting about Member-Owner Labor at a local food co-op – was important enough to cover and gave it a high priority in its pages.

One is, therefore, left to wonder why this AP reporter chose not to report on the biggest, local food co-op news story in Albany’s history: a historic meeting centered on a fight to retain a Member Owner Labor Program at a US food co-op! He could have been onsite, reporting (Tim O’Brien from the TU was.) It can be argued (and I’m arguing it) that the national relevance of our story – saving Member Labor at & Member Ownership of US food co-ops –  is more  important than his “Food cooperative programs … are fading fast…” perspective.

To wit, Hill gave three examples of US co-ops ending Member Labor Programs: (City Market in VT) “finished phasing out of its traditional member work program,” (East End in PA) “ended its volunteer program,” and (Bloomingfoods in IN) “ended its limited program recently.” Dire warnings about the life expectancy of these food co-op programs abound. Statements like: “they have become rare,” “the list gets shorter each year,” they’re “fading fast,”and (the title) “…Co-op Programs End…” subliminally inform the reader that these endangered programs are a dying breed…

…they may be extinct already, like the Dodo bird, by the time your nose gets itself out of the newspaper!

This AP news article did inestimable damage to independently-owned US food co-ops: sowing labor law fears & disinformation and promoting the weakening & dissolution of local, Member-Owned & operated, community & family run food co-ops.

PR gold …for some.


       What remains noteworthy is this: this Board was interested in not only (secretly) forcing unwanted, legal co-operative corporation changes upon its own food co-op in Albany, it was also attempting to force policy changes at the state level – through the NYS DOL – which would affect all NYS food co-ops. Furthermore, its acting-President went one step further and made damned sure this “labor law, fear-mongering PR message” got out to a wide, national audience …before she abandoned the co-op ship, two days later, and quit on January 5, 2016.

Google the title of this AP article or just google the terms labor law and food co-ops. PR jackpot …for those wishing to spread fear and use it as a tool to undermine & eliminate local control & ownership of US food co-ops.


          Let’s return to that sentence about Bloomingfoods, in the January 3, 2016 AP article, Will Work for Food? Co-op Programs End Amid Labor Law Fears:

Bloomingfoods of Bloomington, Indiana, ended its limited program recently after implementing its first union contract for employees.

The sentence implies that the beginning of a new union at Bloomingfoods has something to do with the ending of its Member-Owner Labor Program: or, what Bloomingfoods called its owner volunteer program, now re-named its Ambassadors Volunteer Program.

Did unionizing at B’foods cost the Member-Owners their “legal place at the table” as Member-Owner workers in their own co-operative? Were their legal rights as Owners of this co-operative corporation bargained away? Without their knowledge and say-so? [Again, please read the two docs in [iia]: 1. Critical Legal Information by Kate Doyle and 2. A Letter to Shareholders by Kate Doyle and Laddies Lushin’s article, Co-op Member Labor Programs Under the Fair Labor Standards Act: A Matter of Economic Reality, [xi] ]

As I said above:

Did the UFCW Local 700 at B’foods, in fact, agree with Management & the Board with the ending of Member-Owner Labor in B’foods stores, thus benefiting its own employee membership and undermining the control and Ownership of the co-operative corporation by the local Member-Owners?

Did the new union at B’foods strike a contractual deal with B’foods’ Board & Management to eliminate Member-Owners from work on the floor? …to eliminate Member-Owners’ (who had been handily re-named “volunteers”) rights to work in their co-op and maintain operational control as Owners?

Did B’foods Board & Management formally agree to a UFCW Local 700 union contract which restricts who can (and can’t) do work on the floor at the co-op?

Have B’foods’ Member-Owners been restricted – contractually – from exercising their rights as owners of their own co-operative? If so, why haven’t they been told so by the Board & Management? Why weren’t they involved in that decision-making process?

The national AP article and that email from Ms. Kautt, raise these additional questions:

  • Did the negotiations and finalized contract between B’foods and the UFCW Local 700 – ratified during the summer of 2015 while NCG’s Paula Gilbertson and C. E. Pugh had temporarily assumed control – specifically call for the ending of the right of Member-Owners (re-named “volunteers“) to work/volunteer in their own co-operative storefronts?
  • Does “volunteer” terminology (as opposed to use of the word “owner”) have a legal implication when negotiating a union contract, such that volunteers would be disallowed from work on the floor if there is a union contract in place? (This change in terminology from “Owner” to “Volunteer” also occurred during summer, 2015)?
  • Did Bloomingfoods’ Board & Management agree – contractually – with unionized employees, to disallow volunteers (Member-Owners) from working, side-by-side with union employees, on the floor in Bloomingfoods’ storefronts?
  • Are those union employees still considered Owners of the co-operative? Isn’t that a conflict-of-interest? How can a union employee also be an Owner of a business?
  • Was the Ambassadors Volunteer Program created to get rid of the term “Owner?”
  • Was the Ambassadors Volunteer Program ostensibly created as a means to placate those few Member-Owners who still understood their rights as Owners of a co-operative, while, in  fact, serving to remove Member-Owner’s legal rights in the co-operative by removing them from day-to-day, on-site, operational control of the co-operative?
  • Has that Ambassadors Volunteer Program, in fact, one year later, ever been implemented?
  • Do B’foods unionized employees realize that, in garnering their rights to unionize, they may have eliminated Ownership rights of Owners of the food co-op?
  • Were the Owners of the co-op ever formally informed as to the union / Bloomingfoods contract deal …or did Management, the union, the union employees, and the Board of Directors all keep Member-Owners in the dark as to the final deal?

Did B’foods’ Management, the union, the union employees,  and the Bloomingfoods Board of Directors all collectively strike a deal …and collectively bargain away Owners’ legal rights, without involving them in the decision?

Who – at this bargaining table – was representing the legal interests of the Owners of this co-operative corporation?


The reasons provided by B’foods Management for the ending and/or re-working of their “owner volunteer program” need to now be re-visited. Were those reasons meant to deliberately obscure from the Member-Owners of B’foods what does appear to be a deal struck with a labor union …at the expense of co-operative corporation Owners’ legal rights?

Jean Kautt: “We discontinued our owner volunteer program last summer for several reasons … Nationally, most co-ops have had to discontinue their volunteer programs due to changes in labor laws, tax laws, and insurance liabilities. It has gotten very complicated in the past 40 years! After conferring with our legal advisor and our labor union representative, it was apparent that we were no longer able to offer the volunteer opportunities we had in the past.” [emphases added]

NCG Consultant Paula Gilbertson and the Bloomingfoods’ Consumer Services Department: “Bloomingfoods Ambassadors Volunteer Program. We are extremely limited on in-store volunteer opportunities due to labor law and other factors, so we are introducing the Bloomingfoods Ambassadors Program to allow our owner-members to volunteer with organizations…” [emphases added]

Could the term “labor law” here, be a veiled reference to the labor laws attached to collective bargaining?


Above, I posed a question raised by Ms. Kautt’s email reply to me:

 Just why did “conferring with our … labor union representative…” result in Bloomingfoods “… no longer [being] able to offer the volunteer opportunities we had in the past…”?

I have found at least a partial answer to that question.

First, I need to define two terms: “bargaining unit” and “bargaining unit work.” According to

A bargaining unit is a group of employees … who are represented by a labor union in their dealings with agency management.

For purposes of this discussion, bargaining unit work is the work which the union (UFCW Local 700) and the bargaining unit, and the employer (Bloomingfoods Board & Management) agree will be performed by bargaining unit employees. Non-bargaining unit personnel (Management and salaried staff) will not (usually) perform work which both agree is bargaining unit work.

In a May, 2016 document entitled Bloomingfoods Special Member Meeting: Consolidation Announcement Q&A, the following question was asked and answered, under General Questions:

Q: What about the volunteer opportunities for those who wish to help the co-op?

A: The best thing you can do for the co-op is shop at the co-op. We are unable to offer many of the volunteer opportunities we had in the past because work that qualifies as bargaining unit work cannot be performed by volunteers… [emphasis added]

So, what ever happened to that Ambassadors Volunteer Program, announced last October in the Annual Meeting minutes and – presumably – at the Annual Meeting?

The answer continues:

…Owner-­members can engage with our Board of Directors and the administration by participating in the Owner Linkage Committee, and other committees created by the Board. Additionally, we are currently working with our board to create a new volunteer opportunity for our owner- members, and hope to be able to announce it soon!

The explicit use of labor terminology in this B’foods’ response – bargaining unit work – clarifies that Bloomingfoods’ Board and Management must have agreed with the UFCW Local 700 that volunteers (formerly known as Owners) cannot perform the work of unionized employees (the bargaining unit) in Bloomingfoods’ storefronts.

There must also be an agreement as to what constitutes bargaining unit work and who can and cannot do bargaining unit work.

It now appears likely that B’foods Board & Management insured the death of this Member-Owner legal right by agreeing contractually with unionized employees that it would violate the rights of those union employees if the Member-Owners of the food co-op performed work on the floor – side-by-side with union employees – in Bloomingfoods’ storefronts.

Step-by-step, this food co-op Board & Management appear to have methodically paved the way for elimination of Member-Owners’ substantive, legal rights in the co-operative corporation:

  • First, this food co-op altered the name of its “owner volunteer program” to eliminate the term “Owner.” The new, re-named program is called the “Ambassadors Volunteer Program. (initiated while NCG was temporarily in charge)
  • Second, they moved / shifted the (former Member-Owners, down-graded to) volunteers in the Ambassadors Volunteer Program, off-premises “…to allow our owner-members to volunteer with organizations…” (initiated while NCG was temporarily in charge)
  • Third, this move to get volunteers (off-premises) would salve the Member-Owners who still remember what democratically-run food co-ops are all about: working, side-by-side, co-operatively together – on a regular basis – with your friends, neighbors, family & colleagues, for a worthy, community cause.
  • Fourth, B’foods appears to have utilized the opportunity of negotiating with a labor union to contractually solidify the position that volunteers cannot perform bargaining unit work, that is, the work of paid, unionized employees. (initiated while NCG was temporarily in charge)
  • Fifth, this food co-op no longer has Member-Owners on the floor, working side-by-side with paid employees who, presumably, are also Member-Owners.
  • Sixth, Member-Owners have (methodically & silently) had their Ownership rights threatened or removed.
  • Seventh, throughout all this manipulation of Member-Owner rights …what happened to the Member-Owner discount? How small has it actually become?
  • Eighth, this co-op’s structure now appears a lot more like a (hip, expensive) natural foods’ store with a bunch of employees …than a food co-op.

The end result? The Owners of this co-operative corporation may have lost the right to maintain operational control of their co-op: a basic, legal right of an Owner of a co-operative.

Empowering employees to unionize (finalized while NCG was temporarily in charge) can be viewed as – well – empowering employees. It can also be viewed as a means to ply a wedge and leverage conflict between employee and Member-Owner rights, with the endgame  of eliminating Member-Owner ownership & control of the co-operative corporation.

In this scenerio, Member-Owners’ power has been peeled away from the co-operative, and handily swept out of the picture.


       We do not know the specifics of the contract between B’foods and the UFCW Local 700. That document needs to be made public. These questions need to all be answered.

However, this new information from this May 2016 B’foods “Consolidation Announcement” is enough to tell us that Bloomingfoods’ Owners appear to have lost significant legal standing …and might even no longer be considered Owners of their own co-operative corporation.

Short of formal, written answers by the B’foods’ Board of Directors to co-op Owners – to whom the Board did and does hold a fiduciary responsibility  – and short of viewing the actual union contract, we are left without enough information.

The local families, homeowners, residents, investors & community members all invested in Bloomingfoods – and its legal, shareholding Member-Owners – need to immediately be informed as to the status of their legal position in this co-operative corporation …and whether or not B’foods Board & Management allowed a union to be utilized as yet another means to remove the legal control & ownership of the co-operative corporation held by its Member-Owners.

Just where is the “co-operative” in this co-operative corporation?

This Board – and Management – have a lot of questions to answer.


Bylaws’ changes may be all that is needed to solidify corporate changes – and they are slated to be voted on at the B’foods Annual Meeting which is:

Wednesday, October 19, 2016,  6:00 – 9:00pm, at the Wonderlab, 308 W. 4th Street, Bloomington, Indiana

and also

Fully revised and modernized bylaws” will be voted on beginning March 20, 2017.

Please see this new October 3, 2016 blogpost, GRASSROOTS ACTION: INVITATION (RSVP) REQUIRED for some to Cast Vote at Bloomingfoods’ 40th Annual Meeting.



       That AP article, Will Work for Food? Co-op Programs End Amid Labor Law Fears, by Michael Hill, as already stated, is PR Gold for those national .coop corporations & consultants which are busy spreading labor law fears, undermining Member-Owner Labor Programs, and eliminating local control & ownership of US food co-ops by the food co-op Owners.

Why were Bloomingfoods and Honest Weight Food Co-op two of a small handful of US food co-ops featured in this national news article? Well, both co-ops were or are clients of CDS Consulting Co-op, for starters.

Who was the source for this AP reporter which provided the names of US food co-ops, virtually all of which had ended or were attempting to end their Member-Owner Labor Programs: the means by which food co-op Owners exercise their legal right to be a substantive part of day-to-day store operations …to work in their food co-op storefronts and, thereby, maintain their operational control, voting rights, and Ownership of the co-operative corporation?

We don’t know.

However, for the record, 100% of the US food co-ops cited in this article were or are CDS Consulting Co-op clients: City Market in Burlington, Vermont, (a featured client), East End Food Co-op in Pittsburgh, Bloomingfoods of Bloomington, Indiana (a featured client) and Honest Weight Food Co-op. [xiid]

The one stated exception in the article – to co-ops ending their MLPs, that is – is Park Slope Food Co-op, in Brooklyn. However, as the article stated, Park Slope “…requires most of its members to work  … and the store is not open to non-members.” The corporate structure of this particular food co-op is (as I noted, above) very sound & stable: truly & unambiguously owned and operated by the Owners of the co-operative corporation.

Park Slope is also, however, a new CDS Consulting Co-op client. [see xiid]

One additional organization was cited in this AP article, called the Food Coop Initiative; this 501(c)(3) is not a client of CDS Consulting Coop but rather an affiliate.

(The Food Coop Initiative is a CDSCC affiliate along with National Co+op Grocers (NCG), CoopMetrics and Cooperative Grocer Magazine. It is unclear if the International Cooperative Alliance is also a CDSCC affiliate; their logo/click-on is placed next to the list of CDSCC “Affiliates,”  on their website, without actually showing up on that list. [xiie] Additional information on CDSCC’s website shows that the Cooperative Grocer Magazine is offered as part of a Membership Package to the Cooperative Grocer Network (CGN). CGN is a “501(c)6 trade association.” CGN’s sponsors are CDS Consulting Coop, National Co+op Grocers (NCG) and National Cooperative Bank.) [xiif]

Honest Weight Food Co-op was also an active CDS Consulting Co-op client at the time this AP article was written; former acting President Deb Dennis had a documented history of attempting to secretly end our co-op’s MLP. By her own admission at a Board meeting, it was her Board’s Strategic PR firm which arranged this AP interview; her photo managed a “prime time,” front & center position in this national AP article.

Former HWFC Boards had begun contracting with CDSCC in, as far as we can tell, 2009. A one-year contract was executed in December, 2014 with CDSCC for its CBLD program. Dennis hastily executed a brand new contract with CDSCC in December, 2015 …shortly after she had received a 67.9% vote of non-confidence and censure at our emergency SMM, just shy of the 75% required for recall!

This AP interview with Dennis also occurred several days after our historic Special Membership Meeting on November 30, 2015. Clearly, the will of the people meant nothing to this former HWFC acting-President.

According to information gleaned from his own article, it does appear likely that AP reporter Hill used one national source (and/or one of its affiliates), for information about names of specific US food co-ops ending their Member-Owner Labor Programs: that is, CDS Consulting Co-op.

It has the good name of the Honest Weight Food Co-op, Inc. attached to it for posterity … a time bomb with the potential to harm other US locally-owned, community food co-ops; something we HWFC Member-Owners could not prevent: seeing as conversations between former acting-President Deb Dennis & the Strategic PR & Lobbying firm she had hired, and the subsequent media interview & photo shoot, were strategically kept secret from us.

And I’m more than a little put out that a powerful, expensive Strategic Public Relations & Lobbying Firm – a partner to one of the top-10 lobbying firms in NYS (remember, Wall Street is just downriver a ways from our food co-op) – hired by the former acting-President of the Board of HWFC, Deb Dennis…

…has a place …in this story about a national AP article …and its story about community food co-op Member-Owner Labor Programs “fading fast.” [xiic]

…an AP article which includes an affiliate of – and (only) the names of US food co-op’s which were or are clients of – CDS Consulting Co-op.


The AP article states:

It’s not clear how many food co-ops still maintain their [Member-Owner Labor] programs, though the list gets shorter each year.

That list will continue to get shorter each year if the legal Owners of US local, independently-owned, community food co-ops don’t protect their legal rights, organize, and do the grassroots advocacy required to understand, guard, maintain and strengthen their Ownership rights in the co-operative corporation. That, and refusing to contract with and pay for the advice of very expensive, nationally-based “expert” food .coop consultants & advisors.

For, no matter what happens to the local food co-op – sink or swim – national consultants will still get paid their outrageous fees.


from The Road Not Taken, by Robert Frost, pub. 1916

        Both Bloomingfoods and HWFC had direct threats made to their Member-Owner Labor Programs in 2015. While HWFC Member-Owners defended our control and ownership of the co-operative corporation, Bloomingfoods’ Member-Owners quietly, IMHO, lost the battle …if they were even aware there was a battle to fight.

According to recent B’foods’ Board minutes, bylaws’ changes are in the works: calendared in for discussion in (March and) August, 2016 . Bylaws’ changes can also signal another red flag, threatening Member-Owner control & ownership of a co-operative corporation. The Annual Meeting takes place on October 19, 2016; a bylaws’ vote is planned and will any proposed changes further undermine (or eliminate) Member-Owner control of the co-operative corporation? (Please see my December 07, 2015 post, GRASSROOTS ACTION and current bylaws ARE POWERFUL!, my December 19, 2015 post, GRASSROOTS ACTION and Bylaws (Again) ARE POWERFUL! and my January 7, 2016 post, GRASSROOTS ACTION and the Times Union ARE OH SO HELPFUL!)

At HWFC, elimination of our Member-Owner Labor Program and changing our bylaws to eliminate Member-Owner control of the co-operative were the very things our former Board targeted for change: that, and adding 12,000 new non-working “shareholders;” getting us Member-Owners “off the floor” at the co-op; disenfranchising our vote; consolidating the power of the Board/Management axis; preventing communication; and attempting to manipulate the NYS DOL such that we Member-Owners would willingly give up our own MLP. [Read the docs cited in [iia] and [xi].]

Our former Board, with the assistance of its top Management, efficiently targeted and attempted to rip apart the very underpinnings of our co-operative corporation. Their attack was efficient, orderly, calculated and devious. They had the help of two law firms (one with D.C. offices), a local organizational change consultant, the aforementioned nationally-promoted CDS Consulting Co-op, and a Strategic PR & Lobbying firm, with ties to a NYS top-10 lobbying firm.

Big bucks. Big stakes.

They spent $500,000 of our collective savings (!) in their (secret & camouflaged) attempt to get rid of us!

The former Board and Management used our $ .5 million, with an endgame of wrestling Member-Owner control of the co-operative corporation out of the Owners’ hands …and replacing it with control by the Board & Management …or, to put this another way, to stealthily assume control of our corporation.

This story – taking place at a simple American food co-op, for goodness’ sake! – reads like any one of the vicious, hostile, corporate-takeover, Wall Street movies Hollywood puts out.

Were this happening at just our co-op, no big news. You might shrug and say, What d’ya expect out of a co-op in the most corrupt capital in the most corrupt state in the nation …which, by the way, does have Wall Street in it? (We upstate New Yorkers are very jaded: just look up the names of down-staters Silver and Skelos. Interested? See this December, 2015 NYPIRG document, CAPITOL OFFENSES: A Review of the Criminal Conduct, Self-dealing and Ethical Lapses of New York’s Public Officials.)

However, this same pattern is cropping up, over and over, at independent, locally-owned & operated food co-ops all over the US.

It does appear that the Bloomingfoods’ Board is quietly and successfully doing the very same thing: eliminating Member-Owner control and ownership of this food co-operative corporation, replacing it with control by the Board and Management, and altering the co-operative corporate structure.

Are the Owners of this food co-operative even aware that their control is silently disappearing; their very ownership is threatened? Or has Bloomingfoods’ Board, like the former HWFC Board, spent hundreds of thousands of dollars on “expert”national consultants, lawyers …and a Strategic PR consultant or two, paid to expertly massage the messages getting out to the Owners?


       Local ownership & control of many US food co-operatives is under attack. Mimi Yahn, a food co-op Member-Owner and independent journalist tells a very similar tale about her food co-op in Putney, Vermont, just over the border from us. In a series of two articles and a follow-up Letter – January 14, 2015 Losing Our Principles at The Commons Online; February 4, 2015 Searching for Democracy at the Putney Co-op at; and February 11, 2015 Still Searching for Democracy at Putney Food Co-op at The Commons Online – Ms. Yahn uncovers disturbing threats to her food co-op: threats to its democratic principles and bylaws, Member-Owner control, and, a wider pattern of “corporitization” at other U.S. food co-ops. [xiig]

This Powerpoint Presentation, put together by Member-Owners of HWFC – as they prepared for their 11/30/15 emergency Membership Meeting & vote to get rid of both an out-of control Board & recommend the removal of the out-of-control Management partnering with that Board – details similar problems at many U.S. food co-ops. These food co-ops are taking – or fending off – expensive advice brokered by nationally-based .coop consultants. Strikingly similar problems are occurring with “policy governance,” dissolution of their Member-Labor programs, significant alteration of the bylaws, secrecy, lengthy Board executive sessions excluding Member-Owners, vague & frightening labor law threats, gag orders, removal of Member-Owners from on-the-floor operations, and moves to cement the legal empowerment of Board & Management, concurrent with removal of ownership rights of the Member-Owners of the co-operative corporation.

The individuals who are invested in their co-op – the local homeowners, residents and families – and who are also deeply invested in their local, hometown communities, are losing control of both their food co-ops …and their food supply.

This attack upon food co-ops appears to be coming from the national level: it appears to be a top-down agenda targeting grassroots, local, community, Member-Ownership & control of U.S. independently-owned food co-operatives.


        Bloomingfoods, like HWFC, is a member co-op of National Coop Grocers. NCG is “a business services cooperative for retail food co-ops located throughout the United States … represent[ing] 143 natural food co-ops operating 196 stores in 38 states, with combined annual sales of $1.8 billion.” NCG’s primary distributor is United Natural Foods, Inc., (Nasdaq: UNFI), with whom it signed a primary distribution agreement in 2015, good through at least July 2021.  NCG and UNFI have had a contractual relationship since 2006. [xiii] [xiv]

UNFI is also the primary distributor for Whole Foods Market (Nasdaq: WFM) and has had distribution agreements with WFM for 17 years. Their primary distribution agreement was also re-negotiated in 2015; it extends until September 2025.

WFM is “UNFI’s largest customer.” [xv]

UNFI’s net sales for fiscal year 2015 were $8.18 billion. Whole Foods Market, UNFI’s only “supernatural chain,” made up 35% of UNFI’s net sales in FY 2015.  32% of UNFI’s net sales in FY 2015 came from the category called “independently owned natural products retailers, which include buying clubs;” this category includes NCG and its virtual chain of US food co-ops, with combined annual sales of $1.8 billion. [xvi]

If my math is correct, NCG’s virtual chain of US food co-operatives, represents 22% of UNFI’s net sales in FY 2015.

UNFI’s “independently owned natural products retailers which include buying clubs” – which includes NCG and its virtual chain of US food co-ops – are, at 32%, vying with Whole Foods as UNFI’s largest customer. [xvii]

The respected Organic Consumers Association notes in its 2009 article, The Organic Monopoly and the Myth of “Natural” Foods: How Industry Giants Are Undermining the Organic Movement:

…Whole Foods Market … [and] industry giant United Natural Foods (UNFI) … [market] Row after row of attractively displayed, but mostly non-organic “natural” (i.e. conventional) foods and products…Natural, in other words, means conventional, with a green veneer.

UNFI and Whole Foods Market are the acknowledged market and wholesale distribution leaders in the $70 billion organic and natural foods and products sector… [xviii]

Both Bloomingfoods and HWFC are a part of the large UNFI and NCG  distribution network, called a virtual chain. An August 19, 2015 Press Release, NCG Signs Primary Distribution Agreement with UNFI, states:

As a virtual chain, NCG is one of our largest and fastest growing customers in the last 10 years’ said Steve Spinner, UNFI’s president and chief executive officer. ‘Our connections to food co-ops go back to our company’s founding and we are excited to be selected once again as the best fit to serve the needs of this important sector.’ [xix]

The brochure, National Co+op Grocers Partnership Opportunities (January – June 2016), which extends an invitation to US food co-ops to join NCG, states:

NCG co-ops are independently owned and operated; combined, our “virtual chain” is one of the largest natural foods product retailers in the United States. [xixa]


         It is noteworthy that both co-ops, Bloomingfoods and HWFC, have been or are clients of CDS Consulting Coop; in fact, Bloomingfoods is a featured client on CDSCC’s website. Bloomingfoods’ former, three-term Board Director, Art Sherwood, was and is a CDSCC consultant; he joined CDSCC in 2009 and served on the Bloomington Board until October, 2014, when he resigned his position as President, due to work commitments. [xx] Both of these US food co-ops – Bloomingfoods and HWFC – have relied upon the consulting services of this nationally-advertised .coop firm, with national interests and ties: interests not necessarily based in nor springing from each of the local communities of these two food co-ops.

CDSCC advertises that it helps Boards and GMs work together; conspicuously absent in its PR and program description for its CBLD program (Cooperative Board Leadership Development) are statements about strengthening the control and ownership rights of the Member-Owners of a co-operative.

The former HWFC Board spent an estimated $84,000 (!) over the last three years on CDSCC advice and has at least a six-year history with this firm, going back to our days on Central Avenue, before we got all glossy, high-end, and chic-chic with a brand new, expensive, over budget, “Just-in-Time” model storefront. We – a food co-op for gosh sakes – were advised to build a new store which has virtually no storage capacity! CDSCC’s consulting advice served to efficiently consolidate power between our top Management and Board, to the exclusion of Member-Owners.

In 2015, the HWFC former Board was contracted with CDS Consulting Coop for its CBLD program. Two CDSCC consultants were also a part of the 2015 HWFC Bylaws Task Force (BTF), as “subject matter experts:” Mark Goehring and Thane Joyal. These consultants created a “Bylaws Research Document” for our co-op, which included their ‘Fresh Start’ Bylaws Template. (Please see this December 19, 2015 blogpost and its section entitled ALICE IN WONDERLAND DOWN THE RABBIT HOLE Is this a Bylaws Task Force or a Better End Member-Labor Task Force?)

The BTF was developing new Bylaws, in secret, with all committee members required to sign a nondisclosure agreement: a gag order …over bylaws …at a food co-op! To this day, no one, save the 27 members of the BTF, ever saw those draft bylaws (rumor has it they were never produced, it was all in the hands of the corporate attorneys).

Gag orders’ll have you grasping at rumors in your co-op, when you can’t get facts about bylaws’ changes because people’s lips have been intentionally sealed.

So, no one in our co-op had ever seen these draft bylaws, yet the former Board had intended to present them for Membership vote and ratification at the January 24, 2016 Membership Meeting!

The copy of the ‘Fresh Start’ bylaws CDSCC presented to our co-op in 2015, eliminated the right of Member-Owners to rein in an out-of-control Board via a Special Membership Meeting (SMM): the only means available at most co-ops to halt a wayward Board’s actions.

Due to Member-Owner advocacy, we did halt the actions of an out-of-control Board & out-of-control top Management through an Emergency SMM. (Please see Notice of the emergency Special Membership Meeting, a recap of the meeting, and the official vote tally.

Those secret bylaws were never presented for a vote; they were deep-sixed …if they even ever existed, except in the lawyers’ offices.

(Also, see this post, about another CDS Consulting Coop client, the East End Food Co-op in Pittsburgh, this Powerpoint Presentation, and here, here, here, here, here and here for background info. Please also read this article by Laddie Lushin, Esq. nationally-recognized expert on co-operative law, Assessing the Adequacy of Your Co-op’s Bylaws.)

The CDSCC article, Why Rehash the Old When You Can Start New? Try Fresh Start Bylaws by Susan Munkres, effectively demonstrates the lure of ‘Fresh Start Bylaws’ to an unwary food co-op Board.

Interestingly, author Mimi Yahn also reports that her co-op in Putney, VT utilized the services of CDS Consulting Co-op; in fact, CDSCC lists Putney, VT as its corporate home. Putney Food Co-op did ratify bylaws based upon CDSCC’s bylaws template; Ms. Yahn’s articles tell the story of this Vermont co-op losing its democratic principles. [See January 14, 2015 Losing Our Principles at The Commons Online; February 4, 2015 Searching for Democracy at the Putney Co-op at; and February 11, 2015 Still Searching for Democracy at Putney Food Co-op at The Commons Online and See xiig and xxa]


       It is unknown how much Bloomingfoods has spent on CDSCC services over the years. Bloomingfoods Member-Owners are, however, left with this conundrum: contrast the glowing picture painted of Bloomingfoods by CDSCC, with this assessment of the co-op by National Co-op Grocers (NCG), at the time acting GM Paula Gilbertson and C. E. Pugh arrived from NCG. This was captured on June 23, 2015 by blogger and Bloomingfoods’ Member-Owner Ann Kreilkamp:

Last night I attended a Member/Owner OpenHouse set up by the Bloomingfoods board … [National Coop Grocers, NCGA] has been brought in during this crucial transition to help stem the bleeding which, according to the NCGA, is the worst they have seen. Though food co-ops nationwide are going through hard times, for Bloomingfoods, ‘the path to solve for cash-positive is the most difficult we’ve ever encountered.’… [xxi]

One has to pose the obvious question: if CDSCC’s consulting services for strategic Board & Management training and CBLD are so effective, why is this CDSCC-featured co-op in such dire straits? Why is Bloomingfoods “the worst they [NCGA] have seen,” according to this B’foods Member-Owner’s blog post report?


        The three Bloomingfoods’ storefronts I shopped at were all glossy, ordered, bright & clean: chic-chic. The inner aisles were very neatly stocked & filled with colorfully-packaged, mostly “natural,” processed & packaged products.

I had to search harder to find products labeled “organic.” Locally-produced foods – highlighted with a label picturing the state of Indiana with Local printed on it – although noticeable because of this label, were much harder to find; they were also not usually organic.

Bloomingfoods’ cafes use the same paper goods as HWFC (“co+op stronger together”) [xxii] and the same paper bags (with the handles that always break). The sale flyers look the same as ours. Every aisle was picture-perfect, in fact, the product layout on shelves could have been a mirror to that at HWFC.

What happened to the modest, community-owned storefronts selling high-quality, low-cost organic, bulk, and locally-produced foods and farm products? What happened to our direct connection to the land via a wide, regional network of farm families and our support of local, sustainable and organic farming practices? What happened to the abundance of local, minimally-processed, organic foods? In fact, what happened to just plain-old minimally-processed food with fewer than five ingredients?

What happened to our value & practice of keeping overhead low so as to keep food prices low for our Membership?

What happened to American food  co-ops selling real, whole, locally-produced, organic, nutrient-dense, bulk foods at affordable prices?

When did the displaying of food take a higher priority over the content of the food being displayed?

The similarities between B’foods’ and HWFC’s storefronts – the trending towards upscale gentrification, higher prices, lower overall food quality, fewer locally-produced foods, more processed, nationally-branded, packaged foods, vegetables labelled as “organic” coming from China (and not disclosed as such), much more (colorfully packaged) “natural” as opposed to “organic” foods, meats from unknown national sources, deceptive labeling & clever product PR, an over-emphasis upon display & marketing – are readily apparent.

Both of these co-ops have been transformed to look like expensive, high-end food boutiques.

In fact, our two (independently-owned) food co-ops are designed & laid out and operate so similarly, with such similar marketing tools, newsletters, sales flyers and product for sale, that we could be co-op franchises: different cities, same business model, much like one sees with a McDonald’s, a Trader Joe’s or a Whole Foods.

(An aside… …because you need this information right now…

A troubling pattern emerging nationally among local, independently-owned food co-ops, is either their expansion into brand new, very expensive, “bigger & better” storefronts or their too-quick expansion into multiple storefronts. These storefronts are based upon a “Just-inTime” grocery model, which includes virtually no room for storage and depends upon a regional warehouse system providing daily & weekly delivery. These expansions are being brokered by several different firms of very expensive, national “expert” food co-op consultants & corporations: These expansions:

  1. bleed the co-operative corporation of its valuable (!) local capital & savings
  2. force expensive mortgages onto the back of the co-operative and
  3. utilize local, community resources in the form of unsecured family & Member-Owner-investor loans to the co-op
  4. financially weaken & strap the food co-op almost to the point of insolvency
  5. pay the consultants: their advice, itself, is not cheap!

These expansions have leveraged many formerly strong & solvent US food co-ops into positions of weakness: capital is gone, debt is now high …and the pockets of co-op Member-Owners – via unsecured loans to the co-op – have also been tapped!

The food co-ops are now financially strapped and vulnerable to and positioned for either corporate take-over, assimilation or consolidation, or – failing that unwanted future – closure.

In the meantime, those consultants have already been paid …and are off looking for the next independently-owned food co-op to prey upon.

Our two cents from HWFC? Don’t expand! Don’t be wooed into thinking you need a shiny, chic-chic new storefront because “that’s what lots of co-ops are doing across the US.” They’re doing it because they took the “experts’ advice” to expand …or build new!

So, don’t take national “expert” & expensive food co-op consultants’ advice! Take care of your Member-Owners, your families, your community, and your capital.

These teams of consultants are out there – and they are preying upon independently-owned US food co-ops. They have figured out that there is capital lying around in many successful, independently-owned US food co-ops. They have figured out a way to separate you, your co-op & community …from your capital.

Keep your capital in your pockets! Hang onto it! Keep a cushion; be financially smart. Do you really need that shiny, chic-chic new storefront? Expansion into a 2nd or 3rd brand new storefront? Those consultants? Or can you all make do?

Invest in each others’ families: that is your co-op, your fellow Member-Owners & your community …not in the advice of highly-paid, nationally-based food co-op “experts” with questionable motives.

To quote my Grandma and my Mom (and other Depression-era Moms): Use it up, wear it out, make it do, or do without! [xxiia]

End aside.)

However, this food co-op in Indiana, with its glossy, picture-perfect store lay-outs and fully-stocked shelves, is in trouble. It lost 20% in revenue, in part, when a Lucky’s (a Colorado-based natural foods’ chain) moved in to town last year, and when Kroger’s remodeled to include more natural & organic foods. Next year Whole Foods is opening a store just minutes’ away from the Eastside co-op, in the former Sears store at the mall. [xxiib]

An adjunct professor friend of mine told me she can no longer afford B’foods. She now hits sale days at Lucky’s (Wednesdays), has switched to shopping almost 100% at Krogers, and she buys at the Farmers Market on Saturdays. She plans to buy a freezer and buy bulk grass fed, grass finished beef directly from farmers at the Farmers Market, where one can readily buy high quality, pastured meat in Bloomington.

In 2014, B’foods Member-Owner and blogger Ann Kreilkamp captured sentiments, which we here at HWFC experienced in 2015, as we began uncovering our former Board’s plan to eliminate us from control & ownership of our co-operative corporation:

But wait a minute you  say! Bloomingfoods is a Co-operative, not a Corporation!…

…something happened along the way to begin to torque our original member-owner operation into a quasi-corporation, with an expanding physical presence (three major stores, two minor ones, and counting), a long-time CEO-like General Manager, a budget that is not transparent, workers who are both underpaid and feel disrespected and disenfranchized, and a board that vets anyone who wants to serve on it to say whether they can even be nominated to come up for a vote!… [xxiic]


        I was in Bloomington last week and had a chance to see what had changed at the co-op in two months.

This visit, it was the Elm Heights store which had closed its doors, joining the flagship Kirkwood store. A large For Lease sign was posted on the vacant storefront.[xxiii] The kitchen commissary had also been shut down.

The Elm Heights’ closure stunned everyone! It came out of the blue. I did not hear a rumbling about it when I was in Bloomington in March. Two months later it was a done deal. Gone.


“The Elm Heights neighborhood is saddened by the news that its Bloomingfoods store is closing. We worked hard with the coop to get the store built, and Bloomingfoods in turn worked closely with the neighborhood association in every phase of its planning. Many individual neighbors contributed financially as well…”  Elms Heights Neighborhood Association [xxiiia]

At a public meeting held on April 27, 2016, the Bloomingfoods’ Board told the public that the bank has agreed to take interest-only payments on the co-op’s loans. Local, family investors were told that the loans they had made to B’foods and Elm Heights are unsecured and  subordinate to payment of the bank loans. [xxiiib]

I got differing stories about staff being let go from Elm Heights & the commissary kitchen. One person told me that no one had lost a job from either; everyone had been re-located to the existing stores. Another person told me staff had been let go, jobs were lost, and positions eliminated. A review of Bloomingfoods’ website and its newsletter reveals nothing as to this issue. Local media is uncharacteristically silent.

The Eastside Co-op parking lot was nearly empty. I do not recall seeing this parking lot that empty, ever. Store hours have been reduced. The incredible outdoor garden shop is gone, closed last summer; replaced by a tiny selection of local plants.

Signs in the Near Wests Side parking lot warn you that parking is limited to one hour.


Parking is limited to 1 hour at the Near West Side store. The city has placed on-street parking meters out front, which may have precipitated this move. However, it is decidedly non-welcoming, for a food co-op which also hosts a delicious food bar and a café at which to sit with friends.

I asked staff about the removal of the beautiful, authentic Hoosier Cabinet and display area in the café, with handmade crafts, pottery, local authors’ books, as well as local art displayed on the walls. [xxiv] (In fact, this is where I was first introduced to Bloomington author Nancy R. Hiller’s wonderful book The Hoosier Cabinet in  Kitchen History. Visit Ms. Hiller’s website, here, to read her story about the making a Hoosier cabinet – from a local Elm tree, how cool is that! – for the, now-closed, Elm Heights store. See also A Home of Her Own; Ms. Hiller’s articles at American Bungalow magazine: Miracle on South Dunn Street, Harris Lebus – Arts and Crafts Style For Trade and Bringing Back Stinesville; and her articles at Fine Woodworking.) (I am a bungalow lover; Nancy Hiller and Jane Powell are my top-drawer bungalow and arts & crafts authors!) In addition, local kitchen gadgets, jewelry, cards and candles which used to be displayed at the end of the aisles in the bulk section had all disappeared, to be replaced by that week’s national promotional and sale items from NCG.

I was told that the staff member who used to manage these display areas had been let go: the position had been eliminated.


The aisle ends at Bloomingfoods used to display jewelry, kitchen gadgets, locally-made cards and crafts: one of my favorite spots at the co-op! This has been replaced with that week’s sale items from NCG (co+op deals).

The café, formerly cheerful and welcoming, is now stark and utilitarian: bricks & concrete meet the eye. The Hoosier is gone from this co-op.

Green & Black’s organic dark chocolate bars – usually $3.69 a bar at B’foods – were on sale at 2 for $6.00. At Krogers, the exact same bars were on sale at 2 for $5.00.

I tried to purchase organic pumpkin seeds. The bulk bin states: “Pumpkin Seeds Organic (Raw, Hulled) Current supplier information available upon request.” I tracked down a staffer, asked about the supplier (country of origin). She had to track down someone else and about 5” later I was informed the pumpkin seeds were from China. I asked if there were any truly organic pumpkin seeds from the US; she stated there were not, I could, however, buy US non-organic ones.

There were a lot more Field Day products for sale this visit: this manufacturing company is owned by UNFI and these products are marketed only to its “independently owned natural products retailers” including NCG food co-ops. [xxiva] Field Day’s clever marketing (hover over the icon: “A harvest of natural and organic products, carefully selected to deliver exceptional quality and value.”) enmeshes the terms “natural” and “organic,” suggesting an equality to the terms which is not born out by US regulation fact; use of the term “organic” on a food label requires adherence to strict standards, not required of foods labelled as “natural.”

UNFI states:

Manufacturing & Branded Products Divisions

Our Field Day® brand is primarily sold to customers in our independent natural products retailer channel (“independent retailers”), and is meant to serve as a private label brand for independent retailers to allow them to compete with conventional supermarkets and supernatural chains which often have their own private label store brands.

Our subsidiary, Woodstock Farms Manufacturing, specializes in the international importation, roasting, packaging and distribution of nuts, dried fruit, seeds, trail mixes, granola, natural and organic snack items and confections. We sell these items in bulk and through private label packaging arrangements with large health food, supermarket and convenience store chains and independent owners. We operate an organic (USDA and QAI) and kosher (Circle K) certified packaging, roasting, and processing facility in New Jersey that is SQF (Safety Quality Food) level 2 certified.

Our Blue Marble Brands portfolio is a collection of 15 organic, natural and specialty food brands representing more than 650 unique products. We have a dedicated team of marketing, supply chain and sales professionals that have a passion to energize our retail partners and provide consumers with affordable Non-GMO foods. Our unique Blue Marble Brands products are sold through our wholesale division, third-party distributors and directly to retailers. [xxivb] 

(See the list of all UNFI Blue Marble brands and Woodstock products.)

UNFI also owns Select Nutrition, which “distributes a wide variety of brands, which includes vitamins, supplements, sports nutrition products, and personal care items that cater to the growing demand for natural and organic products.[xxivc]

Many of the Field Day products at B’foods were conspicuously marked with sales’ stickers and significantly out-performed competing brands: e.g. bionaturae Organic Balsamic Vinegar (17 fl oz) was $6.69; Field Day’s Organic Balsamic Vinegar (16. 9 fl oz) was only $4.99. Spectrum Organic Olive Oil (1 liter) was $18.99; Field Day’s Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil (1 liter) was only $12.99.

However, one must be a clever detective to determine what is in Field Day products, where they come from and who certifies that they are, indeed, organic, especially if they include imported ingredients. [xxivd]

For my family’s tastes, not safe enough to eat with labeling that is designed more to obscure what’s in the food, than to inform.



These are UNFI’s Field Day brand, non-organic olives. The label states “Produced in the USA with domestic and imported ingredients.” Are these foreign olives which are then canned in the USA? What percentage of the ingredients are from the USA, from an (unknown) foreign country(ies)? This label leaves me with too many unanswered questions. I would not buy this product for my family.

For example, the Cornucopia Institute, in its Organic Dairy Report (updated 06/09/16), gave UNFI/Woodstock Fluid milk products/butter a 2 Cow Rating (“2 Cow Rating PRIVATE-LABEL (good, but questionable long-term commitment to organics) Note: information based on ”industry sources.” None of the two cow rated private-label brands were open enough to participate in the study.”); a 5 Cow Rating – the highest – is “Outstanding.” [xxive]

Cornucopia clarifies:

Private-label, or store-brand, dairy products rated with two cows are sold by grocers or distributors who have the obvious desire of wanting to grow their presence in the organic marketplace. Unfortunately, there is an inherent limitation in private-label organic products: organic consumers tend to want to know where their food is coming from and how it is produced, and private-label products are anonymous by their nature. [xxivf]


        High prices at B’foods are forcing local shoppers to seek lower prices elsewhere in town. My adjunct professor friend has turned in her B’foods share and no longer shops there. Many people I spoke to complained about the outrageous prices at B’foods. They are taking their business elsewhere: Kroger’s, Lucky’s (on April 1, 2016, Kroger’s & Lucky’s signed a partnership agreement [xxivg]), Sahara Mart, Marsh’s, Trader Joe’s in Indy, the Saturday Farmers Market.

Since UNFI also distributes to “…conventional supermarkets, which include mass market chains…” one must check to see if Kroger’s, Lucky’s, Trader Joe’s, Walmart’s and other supermarkets and mass market chains are being serviced by UNFI …and offering lower prices for the same items one sees at B’foods. [xxivh] (In fact Kroger was “…included among [UNFI’s] wholesale customers for fiscal 2015…”) [xxivi]

There is great, unvoiced fear in Bloomington, about the future of Bloomingfoods. Many assume that when Whole Foods opens next year, the co-op will go belly-up; local families will lose their investments; Bloomington will lose a treasured 40 year-old community institution.

Since Whole Foods and Bloomingfoods both utilize the exact same national distributor – UNFI – and both have primary distribution agreements with UNFI (B’foods, indirectly through its membership in NCG), it won’t really matter very much to industry giant UNFI which store stays, and which goes …or if both decide to duke it out across the College Mall parking lot (See B’foods’ GM’s blogpost  re. the new WFM coming to Bloomington, here.)

Who it should matter to are the homeowners & residents of Bloomington, and the Member-Owners, shoppers and local investors of Bloomingfoods. Bloomingfoods is a local treasure! Like our Honest Weight Food Co-op in  Albany, NY, local families started B’foods 40 years ago; it is worth fighting for! …but – only if local Member-Owners truly own and control the co-operative corporation. Otherwise, Bloomingfoods is just another corporation (minus the “co-operative”) – like Whole Foods – retailing a majority of natural (and organic) foods from industry-giant UNFI …with a sprinkling-in of local & regional organic farm products and foods to give it that “green veneer.” [xxivj]

This visit, I still shopped at B’foods because I am a loyal co-op supporter and I love the Bloomingfoods community. But, I was very hard-pressed to be able to afford enough food to last the week.


        It appears that B’foods financial troubles are not just due to the Lucky’s moving into town, the Kroger’s remodel, and “the competitive landscape.” [xxivk]  This co-op no longer has Member-Owners running the show!

Given NCG’s poor assessment of the co-op’s financial condition in June, 2015, CDSCC’s consulting advice – consolidating Board & Management control – must be thrown into question. However, B’foods’ 2016 Board minutes indicate that they are still actively working with CDSCC and its CBLD program. [xxivl] [also see iiia]

It does appear that it is the Board of Directors (supported by the GM) which is functionally, if not legally, in control of this co-operative corporation. The Member-Owners have been relegated to the role of shareholders in a traditional, top-down American corporation. They are not functioning like the Owners of a co-operative corporation business.

In addition, the local, Member-Owner, family money invested in Bloomingfoods is now in jeopardy. There were Elm Heights neighbors who loaned money to B’foods! Imagine how all the investor-families in Bloomington feel! In this small, tight-knit community, this fact may serve to pull the rug out from under any future, local financial & community support this co-op could have expected. Local investors, in addition to local shoppers – the community itself – may turn their backs.

This one fact alone can spell the death-knell for any local, community-based organization, citizen group, nonprofit …or food co-op.

As a Member-Owner of B’foods, I have personally & sadly witnessed this sister US food co-op to HWFC being assimilated, co-opted, if you will, with power & control silently removed from the local, Member-Owners. Once that control was lost, decisions were out of their hands.

I do not, at all, like the results I see. I do not like the reduction in the quality of the food supply that has resulted. I do not like the industrial, impersonal, cookie-cutter result. I do not like the explosion of national “natural” products and processed “natural” foods, and the reduction in locally-produced, organic food and farm products. I do not like the virtual elimination of Member-Owner benefits, as well as the many staff cuts. I do not like the deceptive food labeling which is more & more evident each time I visit Bloomingfoods.

I do not like a food co-op maintaining the veneer of a Member-Owned, Member-Operated food co-operative …when it dissolved its Member-Owner Labor Program; removed Member-Owners from floor operations; re-labelled “Owners” as “volunteers;” negotiated a union contract which appears to have contracted-away Member-Owner power & control;  diluted or virtually eliminated Member-Owner voting power with the addition of non-working “shareholders;” and has eliminated Member-Owners from substantive decision-making and control in the co-operative corporation.

I especially do not like the evidence I see of a Board & Management axis which has, silently, step-by-step, removed Member-Owner control and threatened their legal Ownership of the co-operative corporation.

(Since we here at HWFC in NYS are still working to regain our power & control, this is not at all meant as a condemnation of Bloomingfoods’ Member-Owners. Just a wake-up call.)

If a bylaws’ vote is, indeed, planned for the B’foods’ October 19, 2016 Annual Meeting, that may well seal the coffin on yet another American independently-owned, Member-Owned & Operated food co-operative corporation. The legal rights of local families to own & control their co-operative and thereby, their food supply, will have been eliminated: ownership, by the local Member-Owners, dissolved.

IMHO, Bloomingfoods’ Member-Owners need to call an emergency Special Membership Meeting and take back their power and control. Trouble is, Board & Management ended their “owner-volunteer program” (Owners lost legal standing) and, I believe, the current bylaws have already empowered all (12,000?) shareholders to have a vote. This means the number of signatures required on a petition just to call a meeting would be daunting (assuming 12,000 shareholders, B’foods bylaws require 10% to call a Special Member Meeting or 1,200 signatures); reaching quorum at the meeting would take “…the presence of ten percent of members entitled to vote at any meeting…” or 1,200 voters!

This would require huge & concerted grassroots advocacy efforts! (Review [iia] and Bloomingfoods’ bylaws.) Bloomingfoods’ Member-Owners also need a local attorney or two: with knowledge of Indiana co-operative corporation law.

B’foods’ Member-Owners need to secure the draft copy of the new bylaws now and attend that bylaws’ meeting in August (I could not find a date for the meeting), en masse. Just what are the proposed changes; will they secure Member-Owner control of the co-operative corporation …or remove it?

If there is not enough grassroots’ will to call an emergency Special Member Meeting and if bylaws’ changes are legally enacted at the October 19th Annual Meeting which further erode Owners’ control, there are, to my way of thinking, only two important questions to answer:

  1. Are the Owners of Bloomingfoods “owners” in name only: “Paper-Tiger Owners?”
  2. Can Bloomingfoods continue to be deemed a “co-operative corporation” or is it, more correctly, functioning merely as a “corporation” trying its best to look like a co-operative?


        No. Not by a long shot.

But, I came away from last week’s visit to Bloomingfoods heartened, with this thought: HWFC Member-Owners we did an awesome, phenomenal thing defending our co-op! We did the right thing and don’t you doubt that for a second! We stopped our co-op from being “assimilated” as a co-op clone; one of many, high-end, chic-chic, expensive “food boutiques” being replicated across the United States. We retained local power and control of our co-operative corporation! We defended our own! We did it co-operatively, with energy, tenacity, hard work, organization, communication-against-all-odds, skill and vision!

Grassroots advocacy at its finest!

I wish this kind of success upon Bloomingfoods’ Member-Owners!

With that success, however, comes a price.

We here at HWFC know we are the owners of a (not-so-small) business in the private sector.  The economy is worsening. We have a large debt load.We have a budget to pass.

We were left in a financially precarious position by the former Board and Management, which, in addition to listening to the expensive advice of national .coop consultants, spent down our savings as fast as they could. We, like B’foods, were advised to expand with, not one, but two operations in 2013: our brand new, very expensive store on Watervliet and the Empire State Plaza outlet. In addition, we would have had more than $1 million in the bank right now but for the harmful agenda and fiscal waste of that former Board and the former LT (top Management). [xxv]

We would have had a cushion.

That cushion is gone.

If we do not maneuver correctly, right now, HWFC will be one of the US co-ops which closes its doors: like Bloomingfoods’ Elm Heights store, its flagship Kirkwood store and its kitchen commissary.


        We acknowledge that our budget is very tight. There are only so many pieces to our HWFC financial pie. Therefore, the only answer right now is cost cutting. If we can’t pay our fixed bills, we are in jeopardy. If we don’t sell enough goods, we are in jeopardy. If we raise our prices we are in jeopardy. When the economy gets worse, we are in jeopardy. This is not the time to expand operations or increase employee benefits! If we do that, we risk the closure of HWFC, sooner rather than later. Then no one will have a job, because our doors will be shut. We, the member-owners, through poor fiscal planning, will have secured the closure of our own co-op.

ALL Member-Owners may need to take a temporary cut. Member-Owner employees are not exempt from this, as employees at HWFC are (for the most part) also Member-Owners. If we 8% and 24% Member-Owner families take a cut, so must the Member-Owner employees. If there needs to be a reduction, it is being done as a means to keep HWFC’s doors open and preserve the jobs of employees.

However, if we even temporarily reduce Member-Owner discount, we are in jeopardy because we will lose a percentage of the weekly spending power of Member-Owner families, some of whom are, themselves, on very tight budgets.

Will a downturn in the economy – in this, a Presidential election year – and a rise in gas prices force us to raise prices?

Will Member-Owners & shareholders be forced to shop elsewhere, and even turn in their shares, as they have been doing at B’foods? Will the general public silently shift to buying at cheaper, local outlets?

It is likely – given our budget and if there is even a small downturn in the economy – that we will be forced into downsizing our pool of employees. If it is that …or closing our doors permanently… which will you choose?

Formation of an employee union here at HWFC will not prevent employee layoffs, if that is what is required to keep our doors open. Bloomingfoods’ history clearly demonstrates that.

Financially, with every decision, what we must weigh is this: will this financial move result in the closure of HWFC’s doors or will it stabilize us and sustain us through the financial mess that was left to us by the previous Board & Leadership Team’s management, supported by their passel of advisors, lawyers, Strategic PR gurus, and national .coop consultants? They positioned us for fiscal weakness! We are forced into rebuilding.

It is now up to us to be thoughtful, creative, and business-minded practical.


             We HWFC Member-Owners successfully took the first step: we wrestled back control of our locally-owned and operated food co-operative from an out-of-control Board working hand-in-hand with out-of-control upper Management and a bunch of highly-paid, national .coop “experts.”

We “stopped the bleeding.”

Given this important fact, our fiscal problem is still the same as Bloomingfoods: we must reduce overhead and spending.

We are the owners and it is our responsibility to do so.

Can we take the next step? To stabilize our budget, cut costs, reduce overhead, and develop a plan so that in two-three years we can begin implementing the dreams we all envision and imagine so clearly right now?

If we do not take this prudent and necessary step, we will, assuredly, sooner rather than later, see the closure of our co-op.

We worked hard – co-operated together! – to get to that emergency Special Membership Meeting in November. 720 people: our friends, neighbors, work colleagues and family. Our community. The results have been outstanding with our new Board in place and functional as a team; our Committees revving up, energized; our employees continuing to do good, solid, daily teamwork in our storefront; our Member-Owners working, participating, and buying.

Can we hold firm, work together, and pass a budget which will stabilize us for the future, anticipate a downturn in the economy, tighten our belts, keep employee layoffs and cuts to MLP discounts to a minimum, and keep our food supply high-quality and  – as much as possible – organic, nutrient dense, fresh and supportive of local & regional organic farm families and food producers?

This is a tall order.

If we cannot do this, we will face a future like Bloomingfoods. Staff layoffs & downsizing will happen, multiple times. Prices will go up. Food quality will go down. Member-Owner benefits may be entirely eliminated. Member-Owners, shareholders and shoppers will walk: a downward spiral. Will we – like Bloomingfoods – have to work with a national consultant team from NCG to help us out …and live with the results?


        Store closures can happen fast.

Please imagine, for one moment, a future where you pull into our parking lot at HWFC some Saturday morning, and the doors are locked shut with a big For Sale sign taped to them.

I did that at Elm Heights in Bloomington, one week ago. No imagination necessary.


A locally-owned food co-op storefront shuts its doors: Elm Heights, Bloomingfoods,  in Bloomington, Indiana.

Where would you go to shop …buy real, local, organic food? Where would you be able to buy what your family needs to eat? To stay healthy? How would you connect up with your community?

Clearly imagine a future with no locally-owned co-op here in Albany.

Is that future a pleasant one for your family?

What do you – individually, as a Member-Owner worker / employee or shareholder – have to do, right now, to prevent this reality?

We are, truly, all in this together. We all have to right the ship. Every single Member-Owner of HWFC – 8% and 24% family workers and employees alike, as well as our 2% shareholders – need to pull together and agree upon a financial plan to secure our future. Then we need to hold to it for 2 – 3 years.

What we are doing here – we HWFC families – is making history in the respected, centuries-old American co-operative movement. We HWFC Member-Owners understand and live what it means to be a member-owned, member-operated food co-op! We get the critical importance of our bylaws and our MLP. We get what it means to (all) own our co-operative together! We proved that in spades by successfully defending it!

We HWFC families are – seriously – walking in the very footsteps of Benjamin Franklin, who is credited with starting the very first American co-operative in 1752! [xxvi]

We families have a responsibility to preserve, for us, now, and for the future, the local, 40 year-old institution that is the HWFC. It is a rare, community resource and treasure! And, more than ever, we need continued access to whole, healthy, nutrient-dense, organic, local food!

I cannot predict where the economy will go. Wild card, not looking good.

However, I, for one, have utter confidence in our families and in our grassroots’ ability to do again what we did on November 30, 2015 and since then: pull together for the common good of our beloved co-operative corporation: the Honest Weight Food Co-op. The co-operation and teamwork we all participated in, since October 23, 2015 is nothing short of amazing and wonderful! We are making national, co-operative history! Let’s all – community-minded, grassroots families – co-operatively do it again and sustain it until we are financially stable, once again.

We are families, helping out other families, to survive and thrive through co-operative means. Years ago, we called it, “self-reliant co-operative:” I help you get what your family needs, you help me get what my family needs, and we work it, together.


        Imagine Honest Weight Food Co-op is a farm: and, in a way, it is an “urban farm” with its intimate connections to actual local, family farms and their families. Wouldn’t you, your partner or your spouse, your kids, the grandparents and aunts & uncles, do anything necessary to save the family farm?


Member-Owners, please see the Meeting Announcement and read & print off the Budget Presentation.

See you at the Annual Budget Membership Meeting on June 27, 2016 at FUUSA, 405 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY: dessert potluck at 5:30pm, Membership Meeting from 6:00-8:30pm. Room for as many Member-Owners as show up! No RSVPs required!

© Laura Hagen


The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt.

John Philpot Curran [xxvii]



Click to access Bloomingfoods-Press-Release.pdf


[iia] 1. Critical Legal Information by Kate Doyle and

2. A Letter to Shareholders by Kate Doyle.


[iiia] Bloomington Cooperative Services. Board of Directors January Meeting. Thursday,
January 28, 2016. I. E. “Opportunities for CBLD training were announced (board members
should consult writeboard Board Participation in CBLD Workshop signup).”


Bloomington Cooperative Services. Board of Directors February Meeting
Thursday, February 25, 2016. 5. iii. “Beebe spoke with Leslie and Paula about looking at the bylaws and getting the template from NCG. 1. Leslie says CBLD has a new template out in the next 10 days and compare.”


Bloomington Cooperative Services. Board of Directors May Meeting. Thursday, May 26th, 2016 Committee Reports, Governance Committee 4.D . iii. “The CDS template will be used for bylaw review.


Bloomington Cooperative Services. Board of Directors May Meeting. Thursday, June 30th, 2016 Minutes. Under “Bylaws Review Update: 3.c. ii. “Beebe has mapped the proposed changes of the first 4 articles to the CDS template.


[iiib] This is part of the actual text of a motion passed by the Board on October 20, 2015.


[iva] See the CBLD ‘Fresh Start’ Bylaws Template, Article III: Member Meetings, 3.2 from CDS Consulting Co-op. Please note: CDSCC changed the electronic copy of its ‘Fresh Start‘ Bylaws, archived on its website, as of early 2016. Article III, 3.2 has been changed. The ‘Fresh Start‘ Bylaws our Member-Owners were provided with by two CDSCC consultants in 2015, and which were also located on CDSCC’s website in 2015, contain the text quoted in this blog.





[viib] Posted October 9, 2014 to Exopermaculture by blogger and Bloomingfoods Member-Owner Ann Kreilkamp at and search and search

The Ryder called , by Robert F. Arnove,

[vii] Arnove, Robert F,. Chancellor’s Professor Emeritus of Education at Indiana University. The Unionization of Bloomingfoods Part I. The Ryder, December 21, 2014. See here.

Arnove, Robert F., Chancellor’s Professor Emeritus of Education at Indiana University with Peter LoPilato. The Unionization of Bloomingfoods Part II. The Ryder, February 8, 2015. See here.

See this July 23, 2015 article Bloomingfoods Workers Ratify Their First Union Contract at the UFCW 700 website:

Also, see this blogpost:

And see:

[viid] Glab, Michael G. The Electron Pencil. From the April 20, 2015 post, Hot Air Food Facts.

[viie], although using the domain suffix “.org” reserved for nonprofits, is not a nonprofit. It is a for-profit, multi-million dollar, multi-national corporation. Charges have been levied that is is being used in astroturf operations by corporations, big business and their Strategic PR firms (wishing to appear like real grassroots) and that it gathers and sells its users’ information for profit.

In 2012 “decided to change its advertising policy to allow for corporate advertising, Republican Party solicitations, astroturf campaigns, anti-abortion or anti-union ads and other controversial sponsorships, according to internal company documents.” See the October 22, 2012 HuffPo article with a response from founder, Ben Rattray.

See this February 28, 2012 exposé article, Change Dot Biz, by Clay Johnson; he uses the term “industrialized activism” for this type of deceptive behavior. Also begin researching the citations referenced at Wikipedia.

[viif] See Dr. Taylor’s page here.

[viig] WFHB Podcast. Host: News Director Joe Crawford interviewing Dr. Keith Taylor, April 14, 2015. Listen here.

NB: Much as I greatly admire and respect academicians & researchers, Dr. Taylor, an academic researcher who studies co-operatives, got this one wrong. He did not conduct thorough research on the matter; furthermore, at least in this podcast and on the website, he did not disclose professional affiliations which are pertinent to the issues at hand.

Dr. Taylor’s bio from Indiana University’s website states, in part:

Keith has a PhD in Human and Community Development, and a Masters in Public Administration.  His research interest is in better understanding the processes of institutional, community and economic development, specifically through optimization of organizational self-governance…

He was, seemingly, unaware of the U.S. grassroots movement to keep the ownership and control of US food co-ops vested in the local community, with the families who are the legal Owners of these food co-operatives (his “optimization of organizational self-governance,” one would presume).

Among the food co-op grassroots, it is a well-known fact that U.S. independently-owned, locally-owned and controlled, community food co-ops are under attack!

Being a scholar and studying co-operatives in the ivory tower of academia, does not assure that you are “plugged in” to grassroots movements, nor that you will necessarily come up with the right answers to a community-based issue.

Dr. Taylor’s recommendation that Bloomingfoods bring in “outside help” in a time of crisis was assisted by a grassroots petition, which he initiated and which garnered 161 signatures, along with many heartfelt, Bloomingfoods’ Owner-Member comments (one is asked to trust that these “online petition names” are not false; one of the many charges lobbed against online petitioning, with groups like

As already noted, is a for-profit, multi-million  dollar, multi-national corporation which is masquerading as a grassroots, nonprofit organization; it is deceptively using the domain suffix “.org.” Any grassroots advocate worth their salt already knows this fact or would have checked this organization out (on any number of U.S. websites which post the yearly IRS 990s of legitimate nonprofits) before mobilizing people and beginning community activism. In addition, has had charges levied, that it is now a platform being utilized by corporations and their Strategic PR firms in astroturf operations (fake grassroots) to garner (illegitimate) community support for corporate issues.

Corporate astroturfing and infiltration of legitimate community groups has been clearly documented as taking place within the US food arena, including in the “natural” and “organic” food worlds. [See [viia] and [12c]]

In the April 14, 2015 WFHB podcast, cited above, and to his petitioners, Dr. Taylor specifically recommended that the “outside help” Bloomingfoods bring in, was NCG (National Coop Grocers). That message, along with the 161 signatures on his petition, was conveyed to the B’foods Board and the Board speedily complied; NCG conducted a “peer review” of Bloomingfoods.

Not two months later, NCG had assumed (temporary) control of Bloomingfoods!

Had Dr. Taylor conducted diligent, academic research, he would have found Mimi Yahn’s articles, written and published in January & early February, 2015: several months before his petition began. These articles conveyed clear warnings to the Member-Owners of U.S. food co-ops to, in particular, avoid utilizing outside national consulting help from .coop “experts,” including CDS Consulting Co-op and National Co-op Grocers (NCG).

Where else would one search for grassroots articles ushering in: dire warnings about threats to participatory democracy, undue corporate influence and bitter fights to wrestle legal control of the co-operative from the Owners, all taking place at U.S. Indy food co-ops? In Indy magazines, of course, which is exactly where Ms. Yahn’s articles may be found. [See Mimi Yahn: January 14, 2015 Losing Our Principles at The Commons Online; February 4, 2015 Searching for Democracy at the Putney Co-op at; and February 11, 2015 Still Searching for Democracy at Putney Food Co-op at The Commons Online.]

The doors of academia – and its publications – do not readily open to a grassroots’ message; however Dr. Taylor, as a researcher of community-based co-operatives, should know that, and should have also conducted research in the Indy media arena.

In addition, Dr. Taylor did not disclose in this same podcast and on his website relevant professional relationships.

He is the co-author of an academic research paper, published in the August 2014 International Journal of Co-operative Management, entitled Unique Expectations of Co­operative Boards: taking on the challenges of the democratic enterprise, which he co-authored with Arthur Sherwood. See here, here, here, here and here.

Dr. Taylor and Professor Sherwood were academic colleagues at the Indiana University Vincent and Elinor Ostrom Workshop on Political Theory and Policy Analysis, when they co-authored this article in 2014.

Art Sherwood, a former Board member and past President of Bloomingfoods is also a CDS Consulting Co-op consultant, and has been since 2009; during his tenure on Bloomingfoods’ Board he was also a CDSCC consultant. (See the author’s articles, listed at the Cooperative Grocer Network, CDS Consulting Co-op and The above-mentioned article with Dr. Taylor was not found on all lists.)

Professor Sherwood was, therefore, at the time when he and Dr. Taylor co-authored and published their academic article in 2014, a consultant with CDS Consulting Co-op.

CDS Consulting Co-op and NCG have a working relationship, the full extent of which is unknown to the public. CDSCC names NCG as an affiliate on its webpage footer. Both .coop corporations, CDSCC and NCG, sponsor the Cooperative Grocer Network, along with the National Cooperative Bank (see page footer); CGN is a nonprofit, 501(c)6 trade association. A large number of NCG member and affiliate co-ops are also current or former clients of CDSCC, including Bloomingfoods: see here and here.

Was CDS Consulting Co-op advising Bloomingfoods’ Board & Management during the period Dr. Taylor began his petition at and recommended to the Board that NCG come in and do a “peer review?” It appears they were and have been for a period of (unknown) years. A review of available Board minutes finds, in the July 2, 2015 minutes, when B’foods was “tightening its belt” with NCG (temporarily) at its helm:

6. c. v. C8 —Governance Investment —CDS Consulting Status
1. CDS consultant Michael Healy offered consult on hourly basis or discounted rate for remainder of the year.
2. Kristina Wiltsee motions that we compensate Michael Healy on an hourly basis for the remainder of the year, and Dedaimia Whitney seconds the motion. All in favor, motion passes.

It is also quite noteworthy that Bloomingfoods is one of only 30 or so “Featured Clients” on CDSCC’s website.

Dr. Taylor’s actions in recommending that NCG – in  specific – be brought in to Bloomingfoods must be viewed in light of these newly-uncovered facts.

He had a responsibility to disclose these professional relationships when he was conducting grassroots, community organizing and mobilizing people both online and in Bloomington in 2015.

Dr. Taylor would be best served if he continued his academic research of co-operatives and left the “optimization of organizational self-governance” – i.e. the real community organizing at U.S. independently-owned and operated, community food co-ops – to the Member-Owners and families who actually OWN their food co-ops, are defending their food co-ops, and who actively practice participatory democracy at their co-ops.

Dr. Taylor did a disservice to those 161 petition signers and to all U.S. independently-owned and operated, community food co-opswhich are struggling for their very “independent” existence – by not doing his due-diligence research, by not first investigating, and by not being upfront about his professional relationships from within the national .coop business world. [See also [viij] and [xiic]]

[viih] See Dr. Taylor’s petition.

[vii i] Bloomingfoods, Bloomington Co-operative Services, Inc. website: see the April 17, 2015 Announcement.

[viij] Think “grassroots advocacy” isn’t for sale as a “service” to a .coop food corporation with a pocketbook (BIG food and BIG Organic included)? Corporations and their Strategic PR firms have been buying “grassroots” for years. See [12c], below.

Co-op Member-Owners are advised to become acquainted with terms, well-known for more than 20 years by national grassroots’ advocates, community organizers and nonprofits battling corporate greed & influence: astroturf, co-opted, skunkworks, stinktanks, sockpuppets and industry front groups. See this Teletruth webpage of, one of the top consumer rights’ websites on the issues of telecommunications and broadband, for term definitions.

The Center for Media and Democracy has excellent primers on astroturfing, front groups, a front group portal and industry-funded organizations.

Stacy Malkan Co-director U.S. Right to Know, “a nonprofit organization working for transparency and accountability in our nation’s food system,” has a hot-off-the-press June 30, 2016 article, Monsanto Fingerprints Found All Over Attack On Organic Food. The story begins with Academics Review, described as “a non-profit led by independent academic experts in agriculture and food sciences,” co-founded by “two independent professors” who kept the “corporate [funding] fingerprints hidden.”

U.S. Right to Know also has an excellent 2015 report about front groups in  food: Our Investigation of Big Food and its Front Groups.

Friends of the Earth has also issued an excellent 2015 report Spinning Food How Food Industry Front Groups and Covert Communications Are Shaping the Story of Food.

Read the Center for Food Safety’s May 2013 report, A Guide to Food Industry Front Groups.

In a 2013 article, Dr. Mercola discloses how 50 Industry Groups Form a New Alliance to Manipulate Public Opinion About Junk Food, GMOs, and Harmful Additives: formed by food and biotech trade groups.

[viik] Please see the Herald Times article, Bloomingfoods Asking National Grocery Group for Assistance Amid Changes.



Posted to Exopermaculture  by blogger and Bloomingfoods Member Ann Kreilkamp, on June 23, 2015. See,


See Facebook: Unite Bloomingfoods.

[ixb]  See Bloomingfoods News: A Message from Paula Gilbertson.



See: Bloomingfoods General Manager Update

See Bloom Magazine, April/May 2016: Tony Alongi: Bloomingfoods General Manager

Member-Owners of the Hanover Food Co-op in NH started an independent, grassroots organization, after disagreements with co-op Management & Board over firings at their co-op, and other issues. See Concerned About the Co-op (CATC), here:


[xi] Lushin, Laddie, Esq. Co-op Member Labor Programs Under the Fair Labor Standards Act: A Matter of Economic Reality. Braintree, VT, 2009, page 9. See:



Knupfer, Anne Meis. Food Co-ops in America. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2013. (See:

[xiib] See GRASSROOTS ACTION: Board Messages Don’t Add Up Part I and GRASSROOTS ACTION: Board Messages Don’t Add Up: Part II.


See Professor Sharon Beder’s articles, Public Relations’ Role in Manufacturing Artificial Grass Roots Coalitions, Industry Conjurers and her list of publications, here.

Also, view this 2015 TEDx Talk by journalist Sharyl Attkisson, entitled Astroturf and Manipulation of Media Messages, here.

The Center for Media and Democracy’s project, Sourcewatch is a good place to begin your education about astroturfs and other terms used to describe corporate hijacking of real grassroots efforts, especially involving Strategic PR & Lobbying firms., a highly-respected national, grassroots group, advocating for consumer-based telecom issues, has accurate, concise definitions for: astroturf, co-opted, skunkworks and stinktanks, here.

Think (the appearance of) grassroots advocacy & activism isn’t for sale to those corporations which can afford to pay? Think again. Read this webpage of a top-rated D.C. “integrated public relations and public affairs agency,” advertising its “grassroots services,” when “lobbying alone isn’t enough:” seventwenty strategies:


Mobilize your constituents and be heard on the Hill.

Lobbying alone isn’t enough.

Every year, more than 100,000 bills are introduced at the state and federal level. Lobbying alone can’t always ensure your organization’s viewpoint is represented before lawmakers. To shape the legislative and regulatory outcomes that impact your organization and industry, Congress and state legislatures need to hear from “real world” experts—their constituents. Grassroots advocacy is the art and science of identifying citizens, educating them about the issues that matter and mobilizing them to take desired actions—when and where you need them, tapping their political power to influence legislative outcomes.


[xiie] See and (view page footer)

[xiig] January 14, 2015: Losing Our Principles by Mimi Yahn. Click here.

February 4, 2015: Searching for Democracy at the Putney Co-op by Mimi Yahn. Click here.

February 11, 2015: Still Searching for Democracy at Putney Food Co-op by Mimi Yahn. Click here.

[xiii] and and and

[xiv] and





[xvii] IBED and





Click to access cooperative_strategic_leadership.pdf





[xxiib] On June 8, 2014, WFM moved into space from our former Sears store at a mall in Albany, NY, too, less than a year after we moved to our brand new storefront on June 19, 2013. See:  and

[xxiic] Posted October 9, 2014 to Exopermaculture by blogger and Bloomingfoods Member-Owner Ann Kreilkamp at




Click to access OwnerMeetingQA.pdf







Also, see this blogpost, “Horizon, Aurora, and Woodstock Organic Milk get the Smackdown from Cornucopia








Click to access 182_michel-sharing_stories.pdf

[xxv] At least $500,000 of which was spent on consultants and lawyers by the former Board!


[xxvii] See the Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Inc. and Suzy Platt, ed., Respectfully Quoted, p. 200, #1054.

GRASSROOTS ACTION: “My Food Comes From WHERE?! Oh, there!” No. 1: The Cornucopia Institute


Posted by Laura Hagen, HWFC Member-Owner

GRASSROOTS ACTION IS POWERFUL! is a blog dedicated to American independently-owned, Member-Owned & operated, community food co-ops, their Member-Owners and families.


ACTION ALERT!: HWFC is celebrating its 40th anniversary this Saturday at the store!

Stop by on Saturday, June 18th from 10am-6pm to help us celebrate. We’ll have some of our favorite local vendors here sampling, fun activities and games, some great giveaways and a ton of CRAZY GOOD DEALS! Hope to see you there!”

Click here and here for more info!


We co-op people llluuvvv good food! And we love to talk about health & nutrition, as well. How many times have you shopped at HWFC and ended up chatting with a fellow Member, employee or shopper about food or health-related things …a half-hour goes by …and you walk away having learned something new and beneficial to your family’s health?

Today I am rolling out a brand new series of now ‘n again posts called “My Food Comes From WHERE?! Oh, there!” It’s all about insuring you’re purchasing real, whole, nutrient-dense, minimally-processed, authentic, organic food …with a decided prejudice in favor of “local,” “nutrient-dense” and “organic!” The posts will be short & sweet (a decidedly rare occurrence around here!) You’ll have homework, some reading, some research, some in-the-co-op searching, maybe some recipe experiments, too!

Eating may be a requirement!

Occasionally, My Food Comes From WHERE?! Oh, there! will be visited by its sister topic-in-arms, They Added WHAT To My Food?! No, dude!

As always with GRASSROOTS ACTION IS IMPORTANT! posts, you’ll have to do some thinking and connecting the dots and, just maybe, some advocacy with others.

You’ll learn about the US food “supply chain,” whose endpoint is … wait for it …your mouth. You’ll learn about Big Food and, did you know, there is a Big Organic, too? You’ll get the lowdown on this nonprofit you keep hearing about called the Non-GMO Project (who formed it and who controls it?) and I’ll introduce you to some of my “go-to” sites: the Organic Consumers Association, the Weston A. Price Foundation, Dr. Mercola, Chris Kresser, and NOFA and NOFA NY.

You’ll get schooling in what additives like…

-natural flavorings
-organic spices
-organic seasonings
-processed free glutamic acid (aka msg)
-citric acid
-guar gum

…and so on, really mean for your family’s health …and just who is Senomyx, why are they being granted patents on their research on the human genome sequence & human taste receptors …and just why the devil do I need to know or care?

If you remain a loyal My Food Comes From WHERE?! Oh, there! reader, I guarantee, down the road a piece, you will know the difference between foods labelled “certified organic” versus “natural,” just who QAI is …and just what does that prized USDA organic label really guarantee. You will understand why COOL is no longer just a hip expression from the ’50s and ’60s, it’s a term you’d better understand if you value the quality of the food your family eats. You’ll become familiar with the term GRAS (nothing to do with our beloved GRASSROOTS!) You will learn how food coming from China – and legally allowed to be labelled “organic” and blessed with that prized green, white and brown USDA Organic label …might be anything but organic.

I promise to do my best to expose the tricks  being used by Big Food and Big Organic corporations – many allowed by US regulations! – in the labeling of food products. You will come away understanding that labeling is more about obscuring what is in your food (and where it comes from) than it is about informing you, the consumer.

Nowadays, the information listed on food labels benefits Big Food, Big Organic and Big Ag, by providing these corporations with legal camouflage. This camouflage does not benefit us families. The camouflage is especially apparent in foods considered “natural,” “organic,” and “healthy for you:” that targets us! And, since the PR & Marketing firms of these corporations know we co-op types are are a savvy bunch, they follow our trends in purchasing and quickly change their PR & marketing practices, as we alter our buying habits.

We consumers have to keep one step ahead of them on our own research into additives, preservatives, flavorings, seasonings, packaging & shipping: how our food is grown or produced, processed, stored, and shipped.

So, through My Food Comes From WHERE?! Oh, there! and They Added WHAT To My Food?! No, dude! I will teach you to become a detective (Humphrey Bogart’s hard-boiled, cynical and skeptical Sam Spade will have nothin’ on you, after you grit your teeth, grab your magnifying glass and i-phone info tables, hunker down, and learn to de-code these “natural” and “organic” food labels!)

Why do you have to be a sharp, informed label reader and keep on top of changes in “natural” and “organic” food processing?

Because it concerns you and your family’s health and nobody can or will protect that like you can!

For example, most of us already know that the term natural has been rendered meaningless. Big Food and Big Organic are now busily chipping away at the protections we thought we had guaranteed with foods labeled organic, USDA organic, certified organic, and so on. Organic labels no longer necessarily carry the guarantee that your food is totally safe.

Sorry to burst that bubble for you, but you will become informed and begin to realize just why buying local – and knowing your farmers and your food producers – is so vitally important for your family’s health.

Isn’t that one of the reasons why so many of us joined and shop at Honest Weight Food Co-op?

We at HWFC have access to foods from small, local & regional family farms & artisanal food producers, who deeply care about the sustainability of their land, soil & animals, the quality of the food products they sell, and the community in which they themselves live.

The information you learn here at My Food Comes From WHERE?! Oh, there! and They Added WHAT To My Food?! No, dude! will surprise you, it may delight you, and some of it will certainly make you angry and want to call for action …or make you change your family’s food buying habits immediately!

Throughout this series, I will be featuring some of the local & regional farmers, farm families and producers who supply Honest Weight Food Co-op with our local food. I may even interview some of our local farmers …and encourage you to go visit their farms, too! You will walk away from this series with your own database of local farms to support – with your family’s food dollars – through Honest Weight Food Co-op!

And, I promise to give you tools to use so that when you shop you’ll be making the very best food choices suited to your own family.

I want to help you become an informed, knowledgeable, can’t-pull-the-wool-over-my-eyes co-op Member-Owner, supporter & shopper, and food advocate, so that every single dollar you spend on food for your family grants you the possibility of positive changes in health, well-being, vitality, wellness and peace of mind.

And, of course, any information you read in these posts is intended as consumer information only and not meant to take the place of consultation with or advice from your doctors or health care practicioners.

So, without further ado, here is Number 1 in my brand new series:

My Food Comes From WHERE?! Oh, there!


My Food Comes From WHERE?! Oh, there! No. 1

Today, let me introduce you to the Cornucopia Institute:

The Cornucopia Institute, through research and investigations on agricultural and food issues, provides needed information to family farmers, consumers and other stakeholders in the good food movement and to the media. We support economic justice for the family-scale farming community – partnered with consumers – backing ecologically produced local, organic and authentic food.

Current Cornucopia Institute reports include Carrageenan 2013, Organic Egg Report and Scorecard and Yogurt Report and Scorecard.

Explore the website, read the current reports, and report back what you learned about carrageenan, organic eggs, and commercial yogurts!

The Cornucopia Institute’s April 2016 report on Carrageenan gives thanks to

the thousands of family farmers and their “urban allies” who fund our work with their generous donations.

I like that term: urban ally! Means we are partners! Implies a two-way street, a co-operative arrangement <smile>! So, HWFC Member-Owners, shareholders and shoppers, welcome to being an urban ally to the thousands of local and regional family farms which support and supply our co-op, here in the city of Albany.

Next time we’ll explore The Cornucopia Institute website a little further, introduce you to Dr. Phillip H. Howard, and explore his fantastic infographic about the organic food industry.

Have fun exploring and learning about real, whole food! You’ve just joined the Cornucopia “Good Food Movement” you urban ally, you!


(And please do take a look at my previous post – the book that it is!, you’ll need a pot of tea or coffee to accompany you – GRASSROOTS ACTION and Invasives ARE POWERFUL! Guaranteed to delight gardeners who love exploring botanical books & drawings, and these from the 17th and 18th centuries, as well as from 77 CE [AD]! And that, my dear readers, was a teaser…)